The Real Glory (1939)

95-96 mins | Drama | 29 September 1939

Director:

Henry Hathaway

Producer:

Samuel Goldwyn

Cinematographer:

Rudolph Maté

Editor:

Daniel Mandell

Production Designer:

James Basevi

Production Company:

Samuel Goldwyn, Inc.
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HISTORY

Charles L. Clifford's novel first appeared in Redbook in 1937. The working title of this film was The Last Frontier . A 3 Dec 1936 HR news item referred to the film as Revolt of Manilla [sic], and a 30 Oct 1937 HR news item called it Back of Manilla [sic]. Producer Samuel Goldwyn first announced plans for the film on 3 Dec 1936, and a 17 May 1937 NYT news item noted that it was to be shot in color for Goldwyn's 1937-1938 season. Production was delayed numerous times due to script difficulties and once due to an injury sustained by actress Andrea Leeds. Contemporary sources from 3 Dec 1936 to the beginning of production in Apr 1939 list many writers who were signed to work on the screenplay, although their contribution to the completed film has not been confirmed. They were: Dudley Nichols, Charles Bennett (who was borrowed from Universal) Sidney Howard, Howard Estabrook, Gene Fowler, Humphrey Cobb, Jan Fortune and Anthony Veiller. Among the actors considered for or signed for roles in the film, but who did not appear in the completed picture are: Merle Oberon, Keye Luke, Donald Crisp (who was borrowed from Warner Bros.) and Walter Brennan. HR production charts include Maurice Moscovitch, Thurston Hall and William Stack in the cast, but their participation in the finished film has not been confirmed. HR news items note that director Henry Hathaway was borrowed from Paramount and that actor Reginald Owen was borrowed from M-G-M.
       A 19 Aug 1938 HR ... More Less

Charles L. Clifford's novel first appeared in Redbook in 1937. The working title of this film was The Last Frontier . A 3 Dec 1936 HR news item referred to the film as Revolt of Manilla [sic], and a 30 Oct 1937 HR news item called it Back of Manilla [sic]. Producer Samuel Goldwyn first announced plans for the film on 3 Dec 1936, and a 17 May 1937 NYT news item noted that it was to be shot in color for Goldwyn's 1937-1938 season. Production was delayed numerous times due to script difficulties and once due to an injury sustained by actress Andrea Leeds. Contemporary sources from 3 Dec 1936 to the beginning of production in Apr 1939 list many writers who were signed to work on the screenplay, although their contribution to the completed film has not been confirmed. They were: Dudley Nichols, Charles Bennett (who was borrowed from Universal) Sidney Howard, Howard Estabrook, Gene Fowler, Humphrey Cobb, Jan Fortune and Anthony Veiller. Among the actors considered for or signed for roles in the film, but who did not appear in the completed picture are: Merle Oberon, Keye Luke, Donald Crisp (who was borrowed from Warner Bros.) and Walter Brennan. HR production charts include Maurice Moscovitch, Thurston Hall and William Stack in the cast, but their participation in the finished film has not been confirmed. HR news items note that director Henry Hathaway was borrowed from Paramount and that actor Reginald Owen was borrowed from M-G-M.
       A 19 Aug 1938 HR news item noted that Goldwyn intended to destroy all of the old sets used by Mary Pickford, Douglas Fairbanks and D. W. Griffith on the United Artists backlot in order to build the Filipino village set. In protest, Griffith wrote to New York's Museum of Modern Art, requesting that they intercede and preserve the sets in permanent collection at the museum. The film's pressbook notes that the backlot set covered six acres. According to the pressbook and HR news items, the dam blown up by the character "Doctor Bill Canavan" was built in the "Hunt-Salto Canyon, forty-five miles from Hollywood"; Hathaway was in charge of locations at Chatsworth; associate director Richard Talmadge shot chase scenes at Kernville; second unit director Stuart Heisler filmed other action sequences at Point Magu; and background shots from the Philippines, which were "dovetailed" in with the California locations, were provided by Philippine Films, Inc. According to a NYT article, the scene of the dam being blown up had to be redone, and the "resultant cost of delay and refilming was more than $10,000." A 26 Apr 1939 HR news item reported that Archie Mayo would direct two hundred Filipinos in a skirmish. Contemporary sources indicate that approximately 1,200 Filipinos were used as extras in the film, and a NYT article states that they were supervised by a Señor Demendante and Mrs. Pacita Paredes. Paredes was the daughter-in-law of the Philippine Ambassador to the United States, and the article reported that Goldwyn was considering putting her in the film.
       According to a study guide on the film written by Educational and Recreational Guides, Inc., Goldywn spent $200,000 to build the Philippine backlot set. The study guide noted that "This picture, which is based on an incident in the annals of the American Scouts in the Philippines, cost more money ($2,000,000) and took more time (200 eight-hour working days) than the original campaign in 1906!" The study guide also pointed out that Col. William H. Shutan, who acted as the technical advisor, was the former military governor of the island of Mindinao, the location of the film's action. A 20 Jun 1939 HR news item reported that The Real Glory was being produced "in two distinct versions, one for the domestic market and a second for the foreign." The foreign version was to emphasize "visual and audible horror aspects of the Philippine uprising in graphic detail," including using a stuntman instead of a dummy for the scene in which the character "Lieutenant Larsen" is eaten alive by ants. The pressbook notes that Curly Eagles, "Hollywood's outstanding authority on insects," was in charge of the 20,000 ants that were used in the scene.
       After the film was completed, it was viewed in a special screening by J. M. Elizalde, the Philippine Island Resident Commissioner, at the request of the Philippine president, Manuel Quezon. On behalf of Quezon, Elizalde requested the deletion of scenes that depicted "his people as inferior, morally afraid of the Moro Tribe and reflect[ed] in general against the courage of the Commonwealth." Goldwyn at first refused to make the deletions, but after consulting with aide James Roosevelt, the son of President Franklin D. Roosevelt, the producer gave in to the commissioner's request and deleted some sequences. According to a HR news item, a full battery of two hundred artillerymen were scheduled to attend the film's press preview, which was held in Beverly Hills on 11 Sep 1939. According to a 29 Aug 1942 MPH news item, when The Real Glory was re-issued in 1942, the Motion Picture Division of the Office of War Information requested that it be withdrawn from distribution "because of scenes in the picture showing conflict between Americans and Filipinos." According to modern sources, the re-issue title was A Yank in the Philippines , and it had to be withdrawn because the Philippine Moros had become allies of the United States during World War II. More Less

SOURCE CITATIONS
SOURCE
DATE
PAGE
Box Office
23 Sep 1939.
---
Daily Variety
5 Oct 1938.
---
Daily Variety
12 Sep 39
p. 3.
Film Daily
16 Jun 38
p. 5.
Film Daily
15 Sep 39
p. 5.
Hollywood Reporter
3 Dec 36
p. 21.
Hollywood Reporter
17 May 37
p. 1.
Hollywood Reporter
21 Jul 37
p. 2.
Hollywood Reporter
30 Oct 37
p. 3.
Hollywood Reporter
4 Jun 38
p. 1.
Hollywood Reporter
11 Aug 38
p. 2.
Hollywood Reporter
19 Aug 38
p. 6.
Hollywood Reporter
6 Oct 38
p. 1.
Hollywood Reporter
14 Oct 38
p. 2.
Hollywood Reporter
27 Oct 38
p. 3.
Hollywood Reporter
15 Dec 38
p. 1.
Hollywood Reporter
28 Mar 39
p. 1.
Hollywood Reporter
17 Apr 39
p. 1.
Hollywood Reporter
18 Apr 39
p. 12.
Hollywood Reporter
22 Apr 39
p. 1, 2, 5, 6
Hollywood Reporter
25 Apr 39
p. 4, 8
Hollywood Reporter
26 Apr 39
p. 2.
Hollywood Reporter
10 May 39
p. 2.
Hollywood Reporter
13 May 39
p. 3.
Hollywood Reporter
20 Jun 39
p. 6.
Hollywood Reporter
21 Jun 39
p. 2.
Hollywood Reporter
15 Jul 39
p. 2, 7
Hollywood Reporter
24 Jul 39
p. 9.
Hollywood Reporter
12 Aug 39
p. 1, 3
Hollywood Reporter
16 Aug 39
p. 10.
Hollywood Reporter
19 Aug 39
p. 1, 4
Hollywood Reporter
23 Aug 39
p. 1.
Hollywood Reporter
8 Sep 39
p. 4.
Hollywood Reporter
11 Sep 39
p. 4.
Hollywood Reporter
12 Sep 39
p. 3.
Hollywood Reporter
14 Sep 39
p. 3.
Hollywood Reporter
15 Sep 39
p. 1.
Motion Picture Herald
16 Sep 39
p. 39.
Motion Picture Herald
29 Aug 1942.
---
New York Times
17 May 1937.
---
New York Times
16 Apr 1939.
---
New York Times
15 Sep 39
p. 58.
New York Times
17 Sep 1939.
---
New York Times
3 Dec 1939.
---
Variety
13 Sep 39
p. 12.
CAST
PRODUCTION CREDITS
NAME
PARENT COMPANY
PRODUCTION COMPANY
DISTRIBUTION COMPANY
NAME
CREDITED AS
CREDIT
DIRECTORS
Assoc dir
Asst dir
2d unit dir
2d unit dir
PRODUCERS
Assoc prod
PHOTOGRAPHY
Spec eff cine
Spec eff cine
ART DIRECTOR
Art dir
FILM EDITOR
Film ed
SET DECORATORS
Set dec
Construction crew chief
Construction crew
COSTUMES
MUSIC
SOUND
Sd tech
VISUAL EFFECTS
Spec eff
PRODUCTION MISC
Props
SOURCES
LITERARY
Based on the novel The Real Glory by Charles L. Clifford (London, 1938).
DETAILS
Alternate Titles:
Back of Manilla
Revolt of Manilla
The Last Frontier
Release Date:
29 September 1939
Premiere Information:
New York opening: 14 September 1939
Production Date:
24 April--mid July 1939
Copyright Claimant:
Samuel Goldwyn
Copyright Date:
16 October 1939
Copyright Number:
LP9182
Physical Properties:
Sound
Western Electric Mirrophonic Recording
Black and White
Duration(in mins):
95-96
Length(in feet):
8,670
Length(in reels):
10
Country:
United States
PCA No:
5441
Passed by NBR:
Yes
SYNOPSIS

In 1906, Colonel Hatch receives orders that the American troops he leads are to withdraw from Fort Mysang on the Philippine island of Mindanao. Hatch protests, saying that Alipang and his Moro bandits will overrun the other natives, but his commanding officer tells him that he will have to train the natives to defend themselves before he leaves. To accomplish this goal, Hatch receives aid from a team of specialists: Doctor Bill Canavan, Lieut. Terrence McCool, Capt. Steve Hartley, Lieut. Larsen and Capt. George Manning. Alipang watches as the men arrive at Mysang and orders one of his followers to kill Colonel Hatch so that the unprepared native troops will be goaded into attacking his forces in the jungle, and be slaughtered. The assassin is successful, and despite Canavan's attempts to save him, Hatch dies. Hartley receives a head wound during the attack, but recovers and becomes second-in-command to Manning. While native Lieut. Yabo and the Americans struggle to train the native troops, whose fear of Alipang debilitates them, Manning prepares to welcome his visiting wife. On the boat with Mrs. Manning is Hartley's daughter Linda, whom he has not seen in four years. Linda's visit surprises her father, and even more surprising is her determination to stay with him. She quickly becomes the focus of a romantic rivalry between Larsen, McCool and Canavan, but she seems to prefer the tough yet understanding doctor. On the night of the women's arrival, Manning falls prey to another of Alipang's assassins, and Hartley, who is going blind from his head wound, assumes command. With the help of Miguel, a Moro lad who ... +


In 1906, Colonel Hatch receives orders that the American troops he leads are to withdraw from Fort Mysang on the Philippine island of Mindanao. Hatch protests, saying that Alipang and his Moro bandits will overrun the other natives, but his commanding officer tells him that he will have to train the natives to defend themselves before he leaves. To accomplish this goal, Hatch receives aid from a team of specialists: Doctor Bill Canavan, Lieut. Terrence McCool, Capt. Steve Hartley, Lieut. Larsen and Capt. George Manning. Alipang watches as the men arrive at Mysang and orders one of his followers to kill Colonel Hatch so that the unprepared native troops will be goaded into attacking his forces in the jungle, and be slaughtered. The assassin is successful, and despite Canavan's attempts to save him, Hatch dies. Hartley receives a head wound during the attack, but recovers and becomes second-in-command to Manning. While native Lieut. Yabo and the Americans struggle to train the native troops, whose fear of Alipang debilitates them, Manning prepares to welcome his visiting wife. On the boat with Mrs. Manning is Hartley's daughter Linda, whom he has not seen in four years. Linda's visit surprises her father, and even more surprising is her determination to stay with him. She quickly becomes the focus of a romantic rivalry between Larsen, McCool and Canavan, but she seems to prefer the tough yet understanding doctor. On the night of the women's arrival, Manning falls prey to another of Alipang's assassins, and Hartley, who is going blind from his head wound, assumes command. With the help of Miguel, a Moro lad who is loyal to the Americans, Canavan captures one of Alipang's men and ridicules him to dispel the native troops' fear of the Moros. Conflict grows between Canavan and Hartley, who resents the doctor's dismissal of his orders as childish and fear-driven. Determined to lure the troops into the jungle, Alipang dams the river that flows through the village, and as the villagers are forced to use unclean water, a cholera epidemic breaks out. While Linda helps Canavan treat the ill, Miguel and Larsen lead a group of men to dynamite the dam. When they do not return, the Datu, a Moro chieftain secretly in league with Alipang, offers to lead Hartley and the troops to the dam. After they leave, Miguel returns alone, badly injured. He tells Canavan that the Datu killed Larsen, and the doctor rushes to warn Hartley. He catches up with the troops as they are being lead into an ambush, and sends them back to the village while he goes to the dam. Canavan succeeds in dynamiting the dam, but as the villagers are celebrating, they are attacked by the bandits. While Canavan orders the troops to build rafts with which they can reach the fort quickly, McCool is killed defending the ammunition stockpile. The doctor reaches the fort first and, along with Linda, defends against the marauders until the troops arrive. Yabo's men are victorious against the Moros, and peace is established in the region. Later, Hartley, Linda, Canavan and Miguel board a ship bound for home, and Yabo and his men proudly salute them goodbye. +

Legend
Viewed by AFI
Partially Viewed
Offscreen Credit
Name Occurs Before Title
AFI Life Achievement Award

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