Juno (2007)

PG-13 | 91-92 or 95-96 mins | Comedy | 25 December 2007

THIS TITLE IS OUTSIDE THE AFI CATALOG OF FEATURE FILMS (1893-1993)
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Director:

Jason Reitman

Writer:

Diablo Cody

Cinematographer:

Eric Steelberg

Production Designer:

Steve Saklad

Production Companies:

Mandate Pictures, Mr. Mudd Productions, Dancing Elk Productions, LLC
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HISTORY

Juno opens with a live-action shot of “Juno MacGuff” on her family's lawn, standing in front of the easy chair that is later revealed to be the chair in which she and "Paulie Bleeker" had sex. As Juno drinks from a large jug of orange juice, she proceeds into town, at which point the live action morphs into animation, over which the credits appear. The live action resumes as Juno reaches a convenience store, following a written onscreen title that states “Autumn” in a hand-drawn style font. The title disappears with the sound of erasing. “Winter” and “Spring” are noted in the same manner later in the film. In the closing credits a list of acknowledgments includes the BC Film Commission, Minnesota Film Commission and the People of Vancouver, White Rock and Burnaby, British Columbia, where the film was shot.
       Ellen Page, as Juno, provides voice-over narration throughout the film. When Juno leaves the note at the front door of the Lorings' house, the audience does not know its contents. Near the end of the film, after "Vanessa Loring" adopts Juno's baby, a close-up shot of the note is shown as it appears in a frame on the wall of the baby's nursery: "Vanessa, if you're still in, I'm still in." Juno's independent, sardonic nature is illustrated throughout the story, sometimes through the words of her voice-over narration and observations about life, at other times through her clothes and habits. For example, when she tells "Paulie Bleeker" about her pregnancy, she is chewing on a pipe, sitting in the easy chair in which they had sex. Later in ... More Less

Juno opens with a live-action shot of “Juno MacGuff” on her family's lawn, standing in front of the easy chair that is later revealed to be the chair in which she and "Paulie Bleeker" had sex. As Juno drinks from a large jug of orange juice, she proceeds into town, at which point the live action morphs into animation, over which the credits appear. The live action resumes as Juno reaches a convenience store, following a written onscreen title that states “Autumn” in a hand-drawn style font. The title disappears with the sound of erasing. “Winter” and “Spring” are noted in the same manner later in the film. In the closing credits a list of acknowledgments includes the BC Film Commission, Minnesota Film Commission and the People of Vancouver, White Rock and Burnaby, British Columbia, where the film was shot.
       Ellen Page, as Juno, provides voice-over narration throughout the film. When Juno leaves the note at the front door of the Lorings' house, the audience does not know its contents. Near the end of the film, after "Vanessa Loring" adopts Juno's baby, a close-up shot of the note is shown as it appears in a frame on the wall of the baby's nursery: "Vanessa, if you're still in, I'm still in." Juno's independent, sardonic nature is illustrated throughout the story, sometimes through the words of her voice-over narration and observations about life, at other times through her clothes and habits. For example, when she tells "Paulie Bleeker" about her pregnancy, she is chewing on a pipe, sitting in the easy chair in which they had sex. Later in the story, Juno shows her feelings for Paulie by filling his mailbox with orange-flavored "TicTacs," his favorite mint.
       As explained in the film, “Juno” is the name of the mythical Roman goddess, called “Hera” by the Greeks. The name has associations with “youth” as well as with birth or midwifery. “Mac” and “Bren” refer to Juno throughout the film as “Junebug.” The Japanese comic book of the pregnant superhero, The Most Fruitful Yuki , presented to Juno by “Mark Loring,” is fictitious. As noted in several news items, actor Jason Bateman, who portrayed Mark, had appeared as the father of Michael Cera (Paulie) in the Fox Television cult comedy Arrested Development (2003--2006).
       A Jun 2005 DV article announced that Mandate Pictures would finance and distribute the screenwriting debut of Minneapolis-based writer Diablo Cody. According to an Oct 2006 LAT article, Cody was discovered by producer Mason Novick, who had read Cody’s Internet autobiographical web-log and later helped her publish her memoir: Candy Girl: A Year in the Life of an Unlikely Stripper . The article stated that Novick then asked Cody to develop ideas for a script, which resulted in the screenplay for Juno .
       A 10 Nov 2005 DV news item stated that director Brad Silberling was in discussions to direct Juno , and a 15 Nov 2005 HR item stated that Silberling was in "final negotiations," but a 7 Dec 2005 DV news item reported that he had been replaced by Jason Reitman. According to a 26 Jul 2006 DV item, Silberling had left the production due to "creative differences over casting." According to a HR news item on 4 Oct 2006, Reitman's production company, Hard C, was to produce with film, which Reitman's partner, Jim Miller, brought to Mandate. Hard C, however, is not listed in the onscreen credits.
       Following the national release of Juno on Christmas Day 2007, the picture performed beyond the expectations of Fox Searchlight executives. According to a 10 Jan 2008 LAT article, as of 8 Jan 2007, the film had taken in over $54,000,000 at the North American box office and was poised to surpass Sideways (2004, see below) as the company's highest grossing release. In addition to being selected by AFI as one of the Movies of the Year for 2007, Juno received the Best Film Award at the Cinema Rome Film Fest in Oct 2007. The film also received National Board of Review awards for Best Breakthrough Performance for Page and Best Screenplay and received three Golden Globe Nominations: for Best Actress, Best Screenplay and Best Motion Picture Musical or Comedy. Juno received three Film Independent Spirit Awards, for Best Feature, Best First Screenplay and Best Female Lead, and was nominated in the Best Director category. Page was also nominated for a Screen Actors Guild award in the category of Outstanding Performance by a Female Actor in a Leading Role, and Cody received a Writers Guild of America Award for her original screenplay. The film also was nominated by the Producers Guild of America for its Darryl F. Zanuck Producer of the Year Award. The film won an Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay and earned nominations for Best Actress, Best Directing and Best Picture. In addition, Juno was awarded a BAFTA for Original Screenplay, and Page was nominated for a BAFTA for Leading Actress. More Less

SOURCE CITATIONS
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24 Jun 2005
p. 6, 54.
Daily Variety
10 Nov 2005
p. 1, 29.
Daily Variety
7 Dec 2005.
---
Daily Variety
26 Jul 2006.
---
Daily Variety
19 Jan 2007.
---
Daily Variety
5 Sep 2007
p. 6, 13.
Daily Variety
29 Oct 2007
p. 2, 17.
Daily Variety
8 Nov 2007.
---
Daily Variety
16 Nov 2007.
---
Entertainment Weekly
9 Nov 2007
pp. 44-48.
Entertainment Weekly
7 Dec 2007
p. 59.
Hollywood Reporter
24 Jun 2005.
---
Hollywood Reporter
10 Nov 2005
p. 1, 44.
Hollywood Reporter
15 Nov 2005.
---
Hollywood Reporter
4 Oct 2006
p. 4, 6.
Hollywood Reporter
22 Feb 2007
p. 1, 30.
Hollywood Reporter
6 Mar 2007.
---
Hollywood Reporter
10 Apr 2007.
---
Hollywood Reporter
17--23 Apr 2007
p. 25.
Hollywood Reporter
10 Sep 2007
p. 7, 31.
Los Angeles Times
4 Oct 2006.
---
Los Angeles Times
5 Dec 2007
Calendar, p. 1, 8.
Los Angeles Times
10 Jan 2008
Calendar, p. 1, 4.
New York Times
5 Dec 2007.
---
Newsweek
10 Dec 2007
p. 98.
Screen International
28 Sep 2007.
---
Time
3 Dec 2007.
---
Variety
19 Dec 2005
p. 6.
Variety
10 Sep 2007
pp. 83-84.
Variety
5 Nov 2007
pp. 13-14.
CAST
PRODUCTION CREDITS
NAME
PARENT COMPANY
PRODUCTION TEXT
A Jason Reitman Film
NAME
CREDITED AS
CREDIT
DIRECTORS
1st asst dir
2d asst dir
2d asst dir
3rd asst dir
PRODUCERS
Exec prod
Exec prod
Exec prod
Co-prod
Co-prod
WRITER
PHOTOGRAPHY
Dir of photog
Cam op
1st asst cam
2d asst cam
2d asst cam/Cam loader
B-cam 1st asst
B-cam 2d asst
Chief lighting tech
Asst chief lighting tech
Lighting tech
Lighting tech
Rigging chief lighting tech
Key grip
Best boy grip
Dolly grip
Still photog
ART DIRECTORS
Prod des
Art dir
Art dept coord
FILM EDITORS
1st asst ed
Editorial intern
Negative cutter
Laboratory and transfer services provided by
Post prod services provided by
SET DECORATORS
Set dec
Asst set dec
Set dresser
Set dresser
Set dresser
Set dresser
Set dresser
Set dresser
Prop master
Asst prop master
Set const coord
Lead carpenter
Carpenter
Paint coord
Lead painter
Key greensperson
Greens
Greens
COSTUMES
Asst cost des
Cost for J. Garner
Cost set supv
Cost
Truck cost
MUSIC
Mus supv
Mus supv
Mus ed
Mus coord
SOUND
Sd mixer
Boom op
Sd asst
Sd editorial by
Supv sd ed
Sd ed
1st asst sd ed
Supv ADR ed
Supv sd des/Re-rec mixer
Re-rec mixer
Re-rec mixer
Foley rec at
Foley supv
Foley mixer
Foley artist
Mix-recordist
ADR mixer
ADR recordist
Post prod sd services by
VISUAL EFFECTS
Spec eff supv
Spec eff tech
Spec eff tech
Spec eff tech
Spec eff tech
Visual eff
Visual eff supv
Visual eff prod
Visual eff prod coord
CG supv
CG artist
CG artist
CG artist
Main and end titles by
Title des
Title des
Main title prod
MAKEUP
Key makeup
Makeup
Makeup for J. Garner
Spec eff makeup
Key hair
PRODUCTION MISC
Casting
Casting
Vancouver casting
Vancouver casting
Unit prod mgr
Mandate Pictures creative exec
Prod accountant
Asst accountant
Asst accountant
Prod coord
Asst prod coord
2d asst prod coord
Clearance coord
Scr supv
Loc mgr
Asst loc mgr
Trainee asst loc mgr
Loc coord
Loc scout
Key loc PA
Prod asst
Prod asst
Prod asst
Prod asst
Guitar teacher
Guitar teacher
Transportation coord
Transport capt
Transportation co-capt
Security coord
Asst chef
Asst chef
First aid/Craft services
First aid/Craft services
Post prod supv
Post prod asst
Asst to Mr. Reitman
Asst to Mr. Reitman and Mr. Dubiecki
Asst to Mr. Drake
Asst to Mr. Kahane
Asst to Ms. Garner
Asst to Mr. Mudd
Asst to Mr. Mudd
Asst to Mr. Novick
Onset asst to the prods
Onset asst to the prods
Onset asst to the prods
Unit pub
Canadian prod legal
Insurance services
STAND INS
Stand-in
Stand-in
Stand-in
Stand-in
Stunt coord
COLOR PERSONNEL
Digital intermediate by
Colorist
Digital intermediate prod
Digital intermediate ed
Digital opticals
Col timing asst
DI consultant
SOURCES
SONGS
"Tire Swing," "My Rollercoaster," "So Nice So Smart," "I Like Giants," "Reminders of Then," "12/26" and "Loose Lips," written and performed by Kimya Dawson
"Tree Hugger" and "Sleep," written by Kimya Dawson, performed by Kimya Dawson and Antsy Pants
"Once I Loved," written by Antonio Carlos Jobim, Vinicius de Moraes and Ray Gilbert, performed by Astrud Gilberto, courtesy of The Verve Music Group, under license from Universal Music Enterprises
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SONGS
"Tire Swing," "My Rollercoaster," "So Nice So Smart," "I Like Giants," "Reminders of Then," "12/26" and "Loose Lips," written and performed by Kimya Dawson
"Tree Hugger" and "Sleep," written by Kimya Dawson, performed by Kimya Dawson and Antsy Pants
"Once I Loved," written by Antonio Carlos Jobim, Vinicius de Moraes and Ray Gilbert, performed by Astrud Gilberto, courtesy of The Verve Music Group, under license from Universal Music Enterprises
"All I Want Is You," written and performed by Barry Louis Polisar
"Besame Mucho," written by Consuelo Velazquez, performed by Trio Los Panchos, courtesy of SONY BMG Music Entertainment (Mexico) S.A. de C.V., by arrangement with SONY BMG MUSIC ENTERTAINMENT
"A Well Respected Man," written by Ray Davies, performed by The Kinks, courtesy of Sanctuary Records
"Doll Parts," written by Courtney Love
"I'm Sticking with You," written by Lou Reed, performed by The Velvet Underground, courtesy of Universal Records, under license from Universal Music Enterprises
"Dearest," written by Bob Gibson, Ellas McDaniel and Prentice Herman Polk, Jr., performed by Buddy Holly, courtesy of Geffen Records, under license from Universal Music Enterprises
"Why Bother," written by Christopher McBride, Ryan Parker, Chris Kemp and Sugar McGuinn, performed by tHe drop, courtesy of Loveless Records
"Superstar," written by Bonnie Bramlett, Delaney Bramlett and Leon Russell, performed by Sonic Youth, courtesy of Geffen Records, under license from Universal Music Enterprises
"Piazza, New York Catcher," written by Sarah Martin, Stuart Murdoch, Richard Colburn, Michael Cooke, Christopher Geddes, Stephen Jackson and Bob Kildea, performed by Belle & Sebastian, courtesy of Rough Trade Records Ltd.
"Expectations," written by Stuart Murdoch, Richard Colburn, Michael Cooke, Christopher Geddes, Stephen Jackson and Isobel Campbell, performed by Belle & Sebastian, courtesy of Jeepster Recordings and Matador Records
"All the Young Dudes," written by David Bowie, performed by Mott The Hopple, courtesy of Columbia Records, by arrangement with SONY BMG MUSIC ENTERTAINMENT
"Anyone Else but You," written by Adam Green and Kimya Dawson, performed by The Moldy Peaches, courtesy of Rough Trade Records Ltd.
"Sea of Love," written by Philip Baptiste and George Khoury, performed by Cat Power, courtesy of Matador Records
"Vampire," written by Leo Bear Creek, performed by Antsy Pants.
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DETAILS
Release Date:
25 December 2007
Premiere Information:
Toronto Film Festival screening: 8 September 2007
AFI Fest screening: 5 November 2007
Los Angeles and New York openings: 5 December 2007.
Production Date:
19 February--week of 17 April 2007 in Vancouver, Canada
Copyright Claimant:
Twentieth Century Fox Film Corporation
Copyright Date:
5 December 2007
Copyright Number:
PA0001590062
Physical Properties:
Sound
SDDS Sony Dynamic Digital Sound; Dolby Digital; dts Digital Sound in selected theatres
Color
Widescreen/ratio
Panavision
Lenses/Prints
Deluxe; Kodak
Duration(in mins):
91-92 or 95-96
MPAA Rating:
PG-13
Country:
United States
Language:
English
PCA No:
43795
Passed by NBR:
No
SYNOPSIS

In early autumn, after three separate pregnancy tests confirm positive results, sixteen-year-old Minnesota punk music aficionado Juno MacGuff accepts that she is pregnant after a single sexual experience on an easy chair with her friend, Paulie Bleeker. Returning home from the convenience store after taking the final test, Juno calls her best friend Leah on her telephone that looks like a hamburger and has some difficulty in convincing Leah of the seriousness of her situation. The next morning, Juno greets Paulie outside his home as he is about to join up with the Dancing Elk track team, of which he is a member. In her characteristically sardonic manner, Juno reveals that she is pregnant and, although stunned, Paulie asks her what they should do. Juno announces that she will "nip it in the bud" and heads off to school for the day. That afternoon, Juno telephones Women Now to arrange for an abortion. Upon arriving at the clinic later, Juno is surprised to run into Su-Chin, a classmate who is picketing against abortion. After Su-Chin fervently advises Juno against going through with her plans, insisting that the fetus has feelings and fingernails, Juno goes inside the clinic where she is unexpectedly disconcerted by the receptionist’s offer of a flavored condom. Further unsettled by the other people waiting at the clinic, Juno bolts, going to Leah to confess that she has decided to have the baby and give it up to some unfortunate couple who cannot conceive or a lesbian couple. Leah excitedly suggests perusing the local Penny Saver for ads by hopeful adopters and although Juno scoffs, insisting that she ... +


In early autumn, after three separate pregnancy tests confirm positive results, sixteen-year-old Minnesota punk music aficionado Juno MacGuff accepts that she is pregnant after a single sexual experience on an easy chair with her friend, Paulie Bleeker. Returning home from the convenience store after taking the final test, Juno calls her best friend Leah on her telephone that looks like a hamburger and has some difficulty in convincing Leah of the seriousness of her situation. The next morning, Juno greets Paulie outside his home as he is about to join up with the Dancing Elk track team, of which he is a member. In her characteristically sardonic manner, Juno reveals that she is pregnant and, although stunned, Paulie asks her what they should do. Juno announces that she will "nip it in the bud" and heads off to school for the day. That afternoon, Juno telephones Women Now to arrange for an abortion. Upon arriving at the clinic later, Juno is surprised to run into Su-Chin, a classmate who is picketing against abortion. After Su-Chin fervently advises Juno against going through with her plans, insisting that the fetus has feelings and fingernails, Juno goes inside the clinic where she is unexpectedly disconcerted by the receptionist’s offer of a flavored condom. Further unsettled by the other people waiting at the clinic, Juno bolts, going to Leah to confess that she has decided to have the baby and give it up to some unfortunate couple who cannot conceive or a lesbian couple. Leah excitedly suggests perusing the local Penny Saver for ads by hopeful adopters and although Juno scoffs, insisting that she wants the child to have cool parents, the girls soon find an advertisement placed by Mark and Vanessa Loring, a well-to-do suburban couple. That evening, with Leah on hand for moral support, Juno informs her father Mac and stepmother Brenda about her condition, but hastily explains that she has found a potentially ideal couple to adopt. Taken aback, Mac and Bren nevertheless offer to help Juno, with Mac insisting on accompanying her to the meeting with the Lorings. A day later, Juno and Mac travel about an hour away to the Lorings' large, comfortable home where their attorney, Gerta Rauss, oversees the discussion. After Juno reveals that she is twelve weeks pregnant and expects to deliver in May, Vanessa explains that the couple is more than willing to conduct an open adoption, which means that Juno will receive regular updates on the child’s progress. Startled, Juno insists on an old-fashioned, closed adoption so she will have no contact with the child. Vanessa and Mark propose to pay for all of Juno’s medical expenses and when they warily inquire if she expects further remuneration, she hotly refuses. Later, after visiting the upstairs bathroom, Juno is distracted by Vanessa’s abundant toiletries, then by a room filled with guitars and electrical musical equipment. Joining her, Mark admits he once belonged to a rock band and the two discuss various music groups. When they begin singing together, however, an exasperated Vanessa intervenes. Mark explains that his wife is anxious about Juno, because the couple had tried to adopt before and the mother had reneged at the last minute. Assuring the Lorings that she is “104 percent” sure she will give up the baby, Juno departs with Mac. In winter, as Juno’s pregnancy becomes obvious, she comes under critical scrutiny at school by both students and staff. At her ultrasound exam, though Juno tries to remain detached, she is pleased at the results but asks not to know the baby's gender so as to surprise Vanessa and Mark upon its birth. When the technician makes disparaging remarks about the irresponsibility of teen pregnancies, Bren angrily tells her off as Leah and Juno look on approvingly. On impulse, Juno drives out to the Lorings' to present them with the ultrasound scan, but finds Mark alone as Vanessa is working late. Mark reveals that he works mostly from home as a composer of advertising jingles. Upon comparing favorite horror movies with Juno, Mark puts on his favorite slasher film, which ends as Vanessa arrives home bearing numerous baby items. When Juno tells Vanessa that she should wait for all the presents she will receive at the baby shower, Vanessa admits that she does not feel she can have a shower because she continues to fear that Juno will get cold feet about the adoption. Later, at home after Juno tells Bren of her visit to the Lorings, her stepmother cautions her about intruding upon a married couple’s dynamics, but Juno dismisses her concern. Risking the disapproval of Mrs. Bleeker, Juno visits Paulie at home and they reminisce about their time together in a punk band. Admitting they have always enjoyed each other’s company, Paulie suggests they resume their romantic relationship but Juno remains evasive and suggests he see other girls. At the Lorings', Vanessa asks Mark his opinion about the paint color for the nursery, but he insists it is too soon to make such decisions. A few days later at the mall, Juno and Leah see Vanessa shopping with some of her friends and their children, and Juno is struck by how loving Vanessa is with the children. Greeting her moments later, Juno describes how odd it feels when the baby kicks. Shyly asking if she may touch Juno’s stomach, Vanessa hopes to feel the baby move. When initially there is no movement, Juno suggests that Vanessa speak to the baby in encouragement, and she is soon rewarded by the baby’s kick. In spring, the very pregnant Juno telephones Mark to thank him for a recent music disc he made for her. Upon learning from Leah that Paulie is taking a fellow classmate to the prom, Juno is unexpectedly jealous and upset, even though she knows that Paulie does not like the girl. Confronting him later, Juno accuses Paulie of hypocrisy and ignores his insistence that he and the girl are only friends. Annoyed, Juno drives to the Lorings' to deliver some music discs to Mark. Delighted by Mark’s gift of a Japanese comic book about a pregnant superhero, Juno relates that Mac named her after the Roman goddess Juno, the wife of the powerful Zeus. Upon listening to a slow song, Mark dances with Juno, then after a few moments, confesses that he is going to leave Vanessa. When Juno responds angrily, Mark demands to know why she visits constantly. Bewildered, Juno says she wants to feel a part of the people who want her baby, then pleads with Mark to stay with Vanessa to raise the baby. Regretfully, Mark professes that he is no longer in love with his wife and not yet ready to have a child. Upon Vanessa’s arrival moments later, Mark reveals his doubts and Vanessa insists he must grow up and accept that he will never be a rock star. Deeply distressed, Juno leaves the house and cries as she drives away. Later that same evening, after Mark contacts Gerta to start divorce proceedings, Juno leaves a note for Vanessa on the doormat. Back home, Juno confides in Mac that her faith in human nature has been deeply shaken and asks if couples really can remain devoted to each other and in love. Mac acknowledges that it is very difficult, but maintains that people who truly love someone despite their flaws tend to remain together. Pleased, Juno visits Paulie’s house the next day and leaves him a large supply of his favorite orange-flavored breath mints. Later, when the two meet at the track field, Juno confesses that she is in love with him because he is cool without trying, to which he shyly replies that he tries very hard. A few days later, when Juno goes into labor, Mac, Bren and little sister Liberty Bell rush her to the hospital. Although Juno does not contact Paulie because he has an important track meet, after winning and not seeing Juno in the bleachers, Paulie rushes to the hospital. He agrees with Juno's decision not to see the baby, a boy, then climbs into bed and comforts her while she gently sobs. As Juno had hoped and indicated in the note she left on the Lorings' doormat, Vanessa adopts the baby on her own. A few months later, Juno has returned to her life as a teenage student and to seeing and singing with Paulie, whom Juno regards as the best boyfriend ever. +

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Partially Viewed
Offscreen Credit
Name Occurs Before Title
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The American Film Institute is grateful to Sir Paul Getty KBE and the Sir Paul Getty KBE Estate for their dedication to the art of the moving image and their support for the AFI Catalog of Feature Films and without whose support AFI would not have been able to achieve this historical landmark in this epic scholarly endeavor.