Forrest Gump (1994)

PG-13 | 140 or 142 mins | Comedy-drama | 6 July 1994

THIS TITLE IS OUTSIDE THE AFI CATALOG OF FEATURE FILMS (1893-1993)
You may also like these titles from the AFI Catalog of Feature Films, the most authoritative documentation of the First 100 Years of American filmmaking.

Director:

Robert Zemeckis

Writer:

Eric Roth

Cinematographer:

Don Burgess

Editor:

Arthur Schmidt

Production Designer:

Rick Carter

Production Company:

The Tisch Company
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HISTORY

A 13 Jul 1994 NYT article stated that producer Wendy Finerman first read galley proofs of Winston Groom’s novel Forrest Gump in 1985 and brought it to producer Steve Tisch with whom she was working at Tisch’s production company. Groom wrote the first version of the screenplay, and two other writers made attempts before screenwriter Eric Roth was hired. In the meantime, Warner Bros., Inc., the studio that had first purchased the film rights to the novel for the producers, dropped out of the project, due in part to its similarities to Rain Man (1988, see entry). Finerman later set up the project with Paramount Pictures Corp., and, once Roth had written the screenplay, Tom Hanks agreed to play “Forrest Gump.” With Hanks’s participation, the film received a green-light from Paramount, and Robert Zemeckis, “the producers’ first choice,” was hired to direct.
       As stated in a 7 Mar 1995 WSJ article, the film was initially budgeted at $50 million; however, shortly before production was set to commence, Paramount asked the producers to cut $10 million in costs. A large portion of those cuts came out of the salaries for Hanks and Zemeckis, originally estimated at $7 million and $5 million respectively. The actor and director exchanged upfront payments for a portion of the gross profits, an arrangement that later paid off when the film became a box-office success. In a 6 Sep 1994 HR article, Zemeckis acknowledged that the last-minute budget cuts angered him. Although the director was rumored to have said he would never work with Paramount again, he told HR that he had “made [his] ... More Less

A 13 Jul 1994 NYT article stated that producer Wendy Finerman first read galley proofs of Winston Groom’s novel Forrest Gump in 1985 and brought it to producer Steve Tisch with whom she was working at Tisch’s production company. Groom wrote the first version of the screenplay, and two other writers made attempts before screenwriter Eric Roth was hired. In the meantime, Warner Bros., Inc., the studio that had first purchased the film rights to the novel for the producers, dropped out of the project, due in part to its similarities to Rain Man (1988, see entry). Finerman later set up the project with Paramount Pictures Corp., and, once Roth had written the screenplay, Tom Hanks agreed to play “Forrest Gump.” With Hanks’s participation, the film received a green-light from Paramount, and Robert Zemeckis, “the producers’ first choice,” was hired to direct.
       As stated in a 7 Mar 1995 WSJ article, the film was initially budgeted at $50 million; however, shortly before production was set to commence, Paramount asked the producers to cut $10 million in costs. A large portion of those cuts came out of the salaries for Hanks and Zemeckis, originally estimated at $7 million and $5 million respectively. The actor and director exchanged upfront payments for a portion of the gross profits, an arrangement that later paid off when the film became a box-office success. In a 6 Sep 1994 HR article, Zemeckis acknowledged that the last-minute budget cuts angered him. Although the director was rumored to have said he would never work with Paramount again, he told HR that he had “made [his] peace” and was willing to collaborate with the studio on future projects.
       According to production notes from AMPAS library files, filming began 8 Aug 1993 in Beaufort, SC. Other locations included Savannah, GA; Los Angeles, CA; and Washington, D.C. A special “crusade unit” shot Forrest’s running scenes in Arizona, Montana, Vermont, Maine, North Carolina, and Monument Valley, UT. Forrest’s and Mrs. Gump’s residence was a 3,500 square-foot home built by the production crew on Bluff Plantation, an 8,000-acre estate in Yemassee, SC, that also doubled as Vietnam since its “pre-existing rice fields” resembled Southeast Asian rice paddies. Another South Carolina location that doubled as Vietnam was Hunting Island State Park, where filmmakers shot helicopter scenes above a “palm-lined lagoon.” Forrest’s bus bench scenes were shot over three days in Savannah, GA’s, Chippewa Square. To recreate an anti-war demonstration outside the Washington Monument, 1,500 extras were employed, and for the first time ever, filmmakers were granted access to shoot in the Reflecting Pool by the National Park Service and the city of Washington, D.C. In Los Angeles, sets were built at Paramount and the Ambassador Hotel, and the University of Southern California’s campus served as the college settings for both Forrest and Jenny.
       Production notes stated that director of photography Don Burgess and Zemeckis chose to utilize “anamorphic lenses in filming...to reflect the epic proportion of the backdrop of Forrest’s story.” During post-production, special effects done by Industrial Light & Magic (ILM) included a digital compositing process that allowed filmmakers to shoot “groups of 700” extras positioned at different points around the Reflecting Pool in Washington, D.C., and blend the various footage so that the extras appeared to be hundreds of thousands of people. “A process of computer digitizing” was also used to combine archival footage of United States Presidents John F. Kennedy, Lyndon B. Johnson, and Richard Nixon, amongst other famous celebrities, with footage of Hanks in settings filmed to match “every shadow, every scratch, every moment of the corresponding cuts in the archival sequence[s].” Computers were also used to erase actor Gary Sinise’s legs after his character, “Lieutenant Dan,” lost them in the Vietnam War, as stated in a 10 Jul 1994 LAT article. Lieutenant Dan’s wheelchair was specially designed by magician Ricky Jay to allow Sinise to sit with his legs folded under while giving the illusion that his legs were amputated stubs. Also calling for special effects were Forrest’s ping-pong scenes; according to a 22 Aug 1994 People news brief, Hanks performed his ping-pong playing with only a paddle, so that the balls could be added into the scenes digitally.
       In the 6 Sep 1994 HR article, Zemeckis noted two scenes that were shot but not included in the film: a scene in which Jenny accidentally runs over her father with farm machinery, killing him; and a scene in which Forrest meets Martin Luther King. The scenes were set to be added to a “director’s cut” for the film’s laserdisc home video version, according to an 18 Sep 1994 Boston Globe news item.
       As reported in a 7 Oct 1994 NYT article, between twenty and twenty-five licenses had been set up for various Forrest Gump merchandise, including: a book of Forrest’s aphorisms used in the film, titled Gumpisms; ping-pong sets; a shrimp cookbook; and a line of seafood to be sold in grocery stores under the name “Bubba Gump Seafood Company.” A 12 Mar 1996 DV article also announced that Paramount had paired up with Rusty Pelican Restaurants to open twenty-three Bubba Gump Shrimp Co. restaurants, largely in tourist-heavy seaside locations, with plans to decorate the establishments with Forrest Gump memorabilia and to contain Forrest Gump merchandising stores within the restaurants. As reported in a 27 Jul 1994 NYT article, Pocket Books bought the rights to Groom’s novel from Doubleday, which first printed the book in 1986, and acquired the rights to three other Groom novels in addition to making a deal with Groom to write a sequel to Forrest Gump, with publication set for 1995.
       Critical reception was mixed. Noting Zemeckis’s tendency to favor visual imagery over narrative, Janet Maslin stated in her 6 Jul 1994 NYT review that the film seemed “less like a romance than like a coffee-table book celebrating the magic of special effects.” In a mixed review on 6 Jul 1994, LAT’s Kenneth Turan lauded Hanks’s performance as the highlight of the film, but lamented the filmmakers’ attempts at making larger points about society based on Forrest’s ramblings through history. In the 29 Jun 1994 HR , reviewer Duane Byrge echoed Turan’s sentiments about Hanks, describing his performance as “Oscar-level,” and went on to say that Zemeckis had reached new heights as a director. A 31 Jul 1994 NYT article addressed the issue of Forrest Gump dissenters, stating, “To some critics, the movie is profoundly anti-intellectual, a celebration of passivity and a rejection of thoughtful analysis.” In a scathing article for Village Voice on 9 Aug 1994, Amy Taubin wrote that she “loathed the film from its first to last floating feather,” and criticized its portrayal of women as either mothers or whores, and of African-Americans as “children.”
       The film received the following six Academy Awards: Best Picture; Actor in a Leading Role – Tom Hanks; Directing; Film Editing; Visual Effects; and Writing (Screenplay Based on Material Previously Produced or Published). In addition, Forrest Gump received seven Academy Award nominations, including: Actor in a Supporting Role – Gary Sinise; Art Direction; Cinematography; Makeup; Music (Original Score); Sound; and Sound Effects Editing. Finerman, Tisch, and fellow producer Steve Starkey received the Producers Guild of America “Darryl F. Zanuck Theatrical Motion Picture Producer of the Year” award, as announced in a 17 Feb 1995 DV news item; and Sinise was honored with a Commander’s Award from the Disabled American Veterans for his portrayal of Lieutenant Dan, as announced in a 5 Aug 1994 LAT news brief. Forrest Gump also received a “Golden Duck Prize,” the Polish equivalent to the Academy Award, for best foreign film, according to a 4 Apr 1995 LAT item.
       As reported in a 25 May 1995 NYT article, novelist Winston Groom sued Paramount after the film had taken in more than $660 million in worldwide box-office receipts while Groom had yet to be paid any of his promised participation fees, which were three percent of the film’s net profits. However, at the time, Paramount claimed that their losses on the film still amounted to $62 million, due to various expenditures including the following: “$50 million in production costs”; distribution expenses amounting to $62 million; $74 million in promotion expenses; $62 million in fees, including gross profit participation, paid to Hanks and Zemeckis; and “$6 million for interest charges on the film’s financing.” The article added that producers Finerman and Tisch, as well as screenwriter Roth, were also owed net profit participation, but Paramount asserted that the net profit participants had been paid an advance of $3 million and that the studio was “treating everyone fairly and respectfully.” Groom eventually reached a settlement with Paramount for “an undisclosed seven-figure sum,” as stated in a 15 Jun 1995 WSJ news brief, after the studio agreed to buy worldwide film rights to Gump & Co., Groom’s upcoming sequel to Forrest Gump.
       The 25 May 1995 NYT article reported that Forrest Gump was the “third highest-grossing movie of all time” after E.T.: The Extra-Terrestrial (1982, see entry) and Jurassic Park (1993, see entry). According to the 7 Oct 1994 NYT article, the film marked the highest-grossing Paramount release to that time.
       Although Forrest’s bus bench was removed from Chippewa Square in Savannah after filming was completed, the city had requested that Paramount donate the bench and return it to the square so that it could serve as a tourist attraction, according to a 3 Oct 1994 LAT brief. However, a 9 Apr 1995 London Observer news item stated that the bench was set to be auctioned by Christie’s in Jun 1995 and was “expected to fetch between $6,000 and $8,000.”
       Forrest Gump was ranked 76th on AFI's 2007 100 Years…100 Movies--10th Anniversary Edition list of the greatest American films, down from the 71st position it held on the 1997 list.
       In the end credits, producers thank the following individuals and organizations: Dick Clark Productions, Inc., courtesy of Dick Clark Productions, Inc.; Sesame Street excerpt provided by Children’s Television Workshop (New York, New York); Milton Berle Show courtesy of the National Broadcasting Company (with performance by Elvis Presley); footage of the Kennedy assassination courtesy of Robert J. Groden; Daphne Productions, Inc. The Dick Cavett Show ; UCLA Film and Television Archive; Sherman Grinberg Film Libraries; CBS News Archives; NBC News Archives; Twentieth Century Fox Movietonews; Lyndon Baines Johnson Presidential Library; Nixon Materials Project, National Archives; National Aeronautics and Space Administration; Streamline Film Archives; the Gomer Pyle film clip courtesy of Viacom Enterprises; Film Preservation Associates; Bob Hope Enterprises; Sports Illustrated magazine logo and trademark used with permission of Time Inc.; People Weekly magazine logo and trademark used with permission of the Time Inc. Magazine Company; Fortune magazine logo and trademark used with permission of Time Inc.; Runners World magazine; The National Enquirer ; Russell Stover Candies; Nike, Inc.; Houghton Mifflin Company for the use of Curious George; Dr. Pepper; Lindsey Buckingham; Glen Brunman; Playboy magazine; Robert W. Smith and Colony Helicopters; South Carolina Department of Parks, Recreation and Tourism, Hunting Island State Park; University of South Carolina – Beaufort campus; Stoney Creek Presbyterian Church in McPhersonville, South Carolina; the residents and developers of Fripp Island; City of Varnville, South Carolina; Cynthia Cole Jenkins & the Historic Beaufort Society; South Carolina Film Commission; Department of Interior, National Park Service; residents of the Watergate Hotel; City of Savannah, Georgia; the Los Angeles Motion Picture and Television Division; and Arizona and California Railroad, Ltd. More Less

SOURCE CITATIONS
SOURCE
DATE
PAGE
Boston Globe
18 Sep 1994.
---
Daily Variety
29 Jun 1994
p. 2, 11.
Daily Variety
17 Feb 1995.
---
Daily Variety
7 Mar 1995
p. 44.
Daily Variety
9 Jun 1995
p. 1, 48.
Daily Variety
12 Mar 1996
p. 7.
Hollywood Reporter
31 Aug 1993.
---
Hollywood Reporter
24 Jun 1994.
---
Hollywood Reporter
29 Jun 1994
p. 7, 10.
Hollywood Reporter
3 Aug 1994.
---
Hollywood Reporter
6 Sep 1994
p. 1, 104.
Hollywood Reporter
21 Apr 1995
p. 4, 45.
Los Angeles Times
6 Jul 1994
Calendar section, p. 1.
Los Angeles Times
10 Jul 1994
Calendar section, p. 23.
Los Angeles Times
5 Aug 1994.
---
Los Angeles Times
3 Oct 1994.
---
Los Angeles Times
4 Apr 1995.
---
New York Times
6 Jul 1994
Section C, p. 9.
New York Times
13 Jul 1994
Section C, p. 13.
New York Times
27 Jul 1994
Section C, p. 9.
New York Times
31 Jul 1994
Section A, p. 2.
New York Times
7 Oct 1994
Section D, p. 1.
New York Times
25 May 1995
Section C, p. 15.
People
22 Aug 1994.
---
The Observer (London)
9 Apr 1995.
---
Variety
11 Jul 1994
p. 41.
Village Voice
9 Aug 1994
p. 53.
WSJ
7 Mar 1995
Section B, p. 1, 10.
WSJ
15 Jun 1995.
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CAST
NAME
CREDITED AS
CREDIT
Club patrons:
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PRODUCTION CREDITS
NAME
PARENT COMPANY
PRODUCTION COMPANY
PRODUCTION TEXTS
A Steve Tisch/Wendy Finerman Production
A Robert Zemekis Film
NAME
CREDITED AS
CREDIT
DIRECTORS
Unit prod mgr
1st asst dir
2nd asst dir/1st asst dir, 2d unit
2d asst dir
2d 2d asst dir
2d 2d asst dir
2d unit dir
1st asst dir, 2d unit
PRODUCERS
Co-prod
WRITER
Scr
PHOTOGRAPHY
Dir of photog
Cam op
1st asst photog
2d asst photog
2d asst photog
2d asst photog
2d asst photog
Still photog
Video eng
Chief lighting tech
Asst chief lighting tech
Lighting tech
Lighting tech
Lighting tech
Lighting tech
Lighting tech
Lighting tech
Lighting tech
1st company grip
2d company grip
2d company grip
2d company grip
Dolly grip
Crane grip
Grip
Chief rigging lighting tech
Chief rigging lighting tech
1st rigging grip
1st rigging grip
Dir of photog, 2d unit
1st asst photog, 2d unit
2d asst photog, 2d unit
1st company grip, 2d unit
Addl photog, 2d unit
Addl photog, 2d unit
ART DIRECTORS
Prod des
Art dir
Art dir
Asst art dir
Asst art dir
Asst art dir
Prod illustrator
Prod illustrator
Prod illustrator
Graphic des
Art dept coord
Art dept coord
Art dept research
FILM EDITORS
1st asst ed
2d asst ed
Asst ed
Negative cutter
SET DECORATORS
Set dec
Lead person
Lead person
Lead person
Set dresser
Set dresser
Set dresser
Set dresser
Set des
Set des
Set des
Set des
Prop master
Asst prop master
Prop asst
Prop asst
Greensperson
Greensperson
Greensperson
Const coord
Gen foreperson
Const foreperson
Const foreperson
Const foreperson
Const foreperson
Const foreperson
Const foreperson/Paint foreperson
Paint foreperson
Paint foreperson
Prod painter
Prop master, 2d unit
Greensperson, 2d unit
Painter, 2d unit
COSTUMES
Cost des
Key cost supv
Asst cost des
Asst cost des
Key cost
Set cost
Uniform cost
Key fitter
Cutter/Fitter
Seamstress
Seamstress
Cost, 2d unit
MUSIC
Mus/Orch cond by, Skywalker Sound
Exec mus prod
Orch, Skywalker Sound
Mus ed, Skywalker Sound
Asst mus ed, Skywalker Sound
Mus rec mixer, Skywalker Sound
Scoring coord, Skywalker Sound
Mus contractor, Skywalker Sound
Mus clearance, Skywalker Sound
Choral dir, Skywalker Sound
SOUND
Prod sd mixer
Boom op
Cable person
Sd mixer, 2d unit
Post prod sd services provided by
a division of Lucas Digital Services, Marin County, California
Re-rec mixer/Sd des, Skywalker Sound
Re-rec mixer, Skywalker Sound
Re-rec mixer, Skywalker Sound
Supv sd ed, Skywalker Sound
Sd eff ed, Skywalker Sound
Sd eff ed, Skywalker Sound
ADR ed, Skywalker Sound
Dial ed, Skywalker Sound
Dial ed, Skywalker Sound
Dial ed, Skywalker Sound
Foley ed, Skywalker Sound
Foley ed, Skywalker Sound
Asst sd des, Skywalker Sound
Asst sd ed, Skywalker Sound
Asst sd ed, Skywalker Sound
Asst sd ed, Skywalker Sound
Asst sd ed, Skywalker Sound
Asst sd ed, Skywalker Sound
Foley artist, Skywalker Sound
Foley artist, Skywalker Sound
Foley rec, Skywalker Sound
ADR loop group supv, Skywalker Sound
VISUAL EFFECTS
Visual eff supv
Spec eff supv
Spec eff foreperson
Spec eff foreperson
Spec eff
Spec eff
Spec eff
Spec eff
Spec eff
Main and end titles
Opticals
Spec visual eff by
A Division of LucasArts Entertainment, Marin County, California
Visual eff prod, ILM
Visual eff art dir, ILM
Computer graphics supv, ILM
Computer graphics supv, ILM
Computer graphics seq supv, ILM
Opt supv, ILM
Visual eff ed, ILM
Scanning supv, ILM
VistaVision cam op, ILM
VistaVision 1st cam asst, ILM
VistaVision 1st cam asst, ILM
VistaVision 1st cam asst, ILM
Visual eff coord, ILM
Visual eff coord, ILM
Computer graphics asst, ILM
Senior TD/Sabre development, ILM
Electronic eff ed, ILM
Sabre digital compositor, ILM
Assoc digital compositor, ILM
Digital matte painter, ILM
Digital matte painter, ILM
Digital matte painter, ILM
Digital matte painter, ILM
Senior scanning op, ILM
Scanner op, ILM
Scanner op, ILM
Scanner op, ILM
Scanning coord, ILM
Chief lighting tech, ILM
Chief lighting tech, ILM
1st company grip, ILM
Chief rigging lighting tech, ILM
Vistaglide eng, ILM
Computer graphics software development, ILM
Computer graphics software development, ILM
Computer graphics systems eng, ILM
Computer graphics systems eng, ILM
Computer graphics systems eng, ILM
Computer graphics systems coord, ILM
Computer graphics prod mgr, ILM
Computer graphics artists, ILM
Computer graphics artists, ILM
Computer graphics artists, ILM
Computer graphics artists, ILM
Computer graphics artists, ILM
Computer graphics artists, ILM
Computer graphics artists, ILM
Computer graphics artists, ILM
Computer graphics artists, ILM
Computer graphics artists, ILM
Computer graphics artists, ILM
Computer graphics artists, ILM
Computer graphics artists, ILM
Computer graphics artists, ILM
Computer graphics artists, ILM
Computer graphics artists, ILM
Computer graphics artists, ILM
Computer graphics artists, ILM
Computer graphics artists, ILM
Computer graphics artists, ILM
Computer graphics artists, ILM
Computer graphics artists, ILM
Computer graphics artists, ILM
Computer graphics artists, ILM
Computer graphics artists, ILM
Computer graphics artists, ILM
Computer graphics artists, ILM
Senior mgr for digital operations, ILM
Computer graphics tech asst, ILM
Computer graphics tech asst, ILM
Computer graphics tech asst, ILM
Computer graphics tech asst, ILM
Computer graphics tech asst, ILM
Dirt removal, ILM
Opt line up, ILM
Opt line up, ILM
Opt cam, ILM
Co-visual eff ed, ILM
Negative cutter, ILM
Asst ed, ILM
Asst ed, ILM
Projectionist, ILM
Cam eng, ILM
Plate photog coord, ILM
Storyboard artist, ILM
Prod asst, ILM
Exec in charge of digital eff, ILM
Dir of prod operations, ILM
Exec in charge of prod, ILM
ILM gen mgr
DANCE
Dance seq staged & choreog
MAKEUP
Make-up created and des
Make-up created and des
Make-up artist
Make-up artist
Hair created and des
Hair created and des
Hair stylist
Hair stylist
Hair stylist
PRODUCTION MISC
Casting
Loc mgr
Loc mgr
Loc mgr
Asst loc mgr
Asst loc mgr
Asst loc mgr
Asst loc mgr
Post prod supv/Archival research coord
Post prod supv/Archival research coord
Prod coord
Asst prod coord
Prod accountant
Prod coord, D.C.
Prod secy
Prod secy
Unit pub
Asst accountant
Asst accountant
Asst accountant
Asst accountant
Const accountant
Asst to Mr. Zemeckis
Asst to Ms. Finerman
Asst to Mr. Starkey
Asst to Mr. Hanks
Asst to Mr. Hanks
Prod asst
Prod asst
Prod asst
Prod asst
Prod asst
Prod asst
Prod asst
Prod asst
Prod asst
Prod asst
Prod asst
Prod asst
Prod asst
Dialect coach
Ms. Wright's vocal coach
Casting assoc
Casting assoc
Casting asst
Extras casting
Extras casting
Extras casting
Illusion wheelchair des
Illusion wheelchair des
Marine coord
Animal trainer
Craft services
Craft services
Catering
First aid
First aid
Loc projectionist
Transportation coord
Transportation capt
Transportation capt
Transportation co-capt
Picture car capt
Picture car capt
Transportation office coord
STAND INS
Stunt coord
Stunts
Stunts
Stunts
COLOR PERSONNEL
Col timer
SOURCES
LITERARY
Based on the novel Forrest Gump by Winston Groom (Garden City, 1986).
AUTHOR
MUSIC
"Paramount Newsreel Music," by Alessandro Cicognini, Sammy Fain, Jay Gorney, E.Y. Harburg, Elsie Janis, Irving Kahal & Jack King
"Pomp and Circumstance," by Sir Edward Elgar, performed by Dresden Philharmonic, conducted by Herbert Kegel, courtesy of Laserlight.
SONGS
"Lovesick Blues," by Cliff Friend & Irving Mills, performed by Hank Williams, courtesy of Polygram Special Markets
"Hound Dog," by Jerry Lieber & Mike Stoller
"Rebel Rouser," by Duane Eddy & Lee Hazlewood, performed by Duane Eddy, courtesy of Jamie Records
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SONGS
"Lovesick Blues," by Cliff Friend & Irving Mills, performed by Hank Williams, courtesy of Polygram Special Markets
"Hound Dog," by Jerry Lieber & Mike Stoller
"Rebel Rouser," by Duane Eddy & Lee Hazlewood, performed by Duane Eddy, courtesy of Jamie Records
"(I Don't Know Why) But I Do," by Paul Gayten & Robert Guidry, performed by Clarence 'Frogman' Henry, courtesy of MCA Records
"Walk Right In," by H. Woods, Gus Cannon, Bill Svanoe & Eric Darling, performed by The Rooftop Singers, courtesy of Vanguard Records/A Welk Music Music Group Co., by arrangement with Warner Special Products
"Sugar Shack," by Keith McCormack & Fay Voss, performed by Jimmy Gilmer and the Fireballs, courtesy of Dundee Music
"Camelot," by Alan Jay Lerner & Frederick Loewe
"Hanky Panky," by Jeff Barry & Ellie Greenwich, performed by Tommy James & The Shondells, courtesy of Rhino Records, by arrangement with Warner Special Products
"Blowin' in the Wind," by Bob Dylan
"Land of 1000 Dances," by Chris Kenner, performed by Wilson Pickett, courtesy of Atlantic Recording Corp., by arrangement with Warner Special Products
"Fortunate Son," by John Fogerty, performed by Creedence Clearwater Revival, courtesy of Fantasy Records
"Respect," by Otis Redding, performed by Aretha Franklin, courtesy of Atlantic Recording Corp., by arrangement with Warner Special Products
"I Can't Help Myself (Sugar Pie Honey Bunch)," by Edward Holland, Lamont Dozier & Brian Holland, performed by The Four Tops, courtesy of Motown Record Company L.P., by arrangement with Polygram Special Markets
"Rainy Day Women #12 & 35," written and performed by Bob Dylan, courtesy of Columbia Records, by arrangement with Sony Music Licensing
"Sloop John B," by Brian Wilson, performed by The Beach Boys, courtesy of Capitol Records, under license from Cema Special Markets
"All Along the Watchtower," by Bob Dylan, performed by The Jimi Hendrix Experience, courtesy of Elber B.V.
"Soul Kitchen," written and performed by The Doors, courtesy of Elektra Entertainment, by arrangement with Warner Special Products
"California Dreamin'," by John Phillips & Michelle Phillips, performed by The Mamas and The Papas, courtesy of MCA Records
"For What It's Worth," by Stephen Stills, performed by Buffalo Springfield, courtesy of Atco Records, by arrangement with Warner Special Products
"What the World Needs Now Is Love," by Burt Bacharach & Hal David, performed by Jackie De Shannon, courtesy of EMI Records USA, a division of ERG, under license from Cema Special Markets
"Webster's Boomer," by David Frank
"People Are Strange," written and performed by The Doors, courtesy of Elektra Entertainment, by arrangement with Warner Special Products
"Hello, I Love You," written and performed by The Doors, courtesy of Elektra Entertainment, by arrangement with Warner Special Products
"Mrs. Robinson," by Paul Simon, performed by Simon & Garfunkel, courtesy of Columbia Records, by arrangement with Sony Music Licensing
"Break on Through (To the Other Side)," written and performed by The Doors, courtesy of Elektra Entertainment, by arrangement with Warner Special Products
"Volunteers," by Marty Balin & Paul Kantner, performed by Jefferson Airplane, courtesy of The RCA Records Label of BMG Music
"Hey Joe," by Billy Roberts, performed by The Jimi Hendrix Experience, courtesy of Elber B.V.
"Where Have All the Flowers Gone," by Pete Seeger
"Let's Get Together, by Chet Powers, performed by The Youngbloods, courtesy of The RCA Records Label of BMG Music
"San Francisco (Be Sure to Wear Some Flowers in Your Hair)," by John Phillips, performed by Scott McKenzie, courtesy of Epic Records, by arrangement with Sony Music Licensing
"Turn! Turn! Turn! (To Everything There Is a Season)," adaptation and music by Pete Seeger, performed by The Byrds, courtesy of Columbia Records, by arrangement with Sony Music Licensing
"Aquarius," by James Rado, Gerome Ragni & Gault McDermott, performed by The Fifth Dimension, courtesy of Arista Records, Inc.
"Joy to the World," by Hoyt Axton, performed by Three Dog Night, courtesy of MCA Records
"Everybody's Talkin'," by Fred Neil, performed by Harry Nilsson, courtesy of The RCA Records Label of BMG Music
"Silent Night," arranged by Les Brown
"Thanks for the Memory," by Ralph Rainger & Leo Robin
"Stoned Love," Frank E. Wilson & Yennik Samoht, performed by The Supremes, courtesy of Motown Record Company, L.P., by arrangement with Polygram Special Markets
"Love Her Madly," written and performed by The Doors, courtesy of Elektra Entertainment, by arrangement with Warner Special Products
"Let's Work Together," by Wilbert Harrison, performed by Canned Heat, courtesy of EMI Records USA, a division of ERG, under license from Cema Special Markets
"Raindrops Keep Falling on My Head," by Burt Bacharach & Hal David, performed by B.J. Thomas, courtesy of Highland Music, Inc., by arrangement with Celebrity Licensing Inc.
"Tie a Yellow Ribbon 'Round the Ole Oak Tree," by L. Russell Brown & Irwin Levine, performed by Tony Orlando and Dawn, courtesy of Arista Records, Inc.
"Jesus on the Mainline," arranged by Alan Silvestri, soloist Donny Gerrard
"Get Down Tonight," by Harry Wayne Casey & Richard Finch, performed by KC & The Sunshine Band, courtesy of Rhino Records, by arrangement with Warner Special Products
"Mr. President (Have Pity on the Working Man)," written and performed by Randy Newman, courtesy of Warner Bros. Records Inc., by arrangment with Warner Special Products
"My Rock," arranged by Paul Owens, soloist Oren Waters
"Free Bird," by Allen Collins & Ronnie Van Zant, performed by Lynyrd Skynyrd, courtesy of MCA Records
"Sweet Home Alabama," by Ronnie Van Zant, Ed King & Gary Rossington, performed by Lynyrd Skynyrd, courtesy of MCA Records
"Plant My Feet on Higher Ground," by Ruth E. Davis
"I've Got a New Home," arranged by Marlena Smalls
"It Keeps You Runnin'," by Michael McDonald, performed by The Doobie Brothers, courtesy of Warner Bros. Records Inc., by arrangement with Warner Special Products
"Running on Empty," written and performed by Jackson Browne, courtesy of Elektra Entertainment, by arrangement with Warner Special Products
"Go Your Own Way," by Lindsey Buckingham, performed by Fleetwood Mac, courtesy of Warner Bros. Records Inc., by arrangement with Warner Special Products
"I've Got to Use My Imagination," by Gerry Goffin & Barry Goldberg, performed by Gladys Knight & The Pips, courtesy of Essex Entertainment, Inc., by arrangement with Celebrity Licensing Inc.
"On the Road Again," written and performed by Willie Nelson, courtesy of Columbia Records, by arrangement with Sony Music Licensing
"Against the Wind," written by Bob Seger, performed by Bob Seger & The Silver Bullet Band, courtesy of Capitol Records, under license from Cema Special Markets.
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DETAILS
Release Date:
6 July 1994
Production Date:
began 8 August 1993
Copyright Claimant:
Paramount Pictures Corp.
Copyright Date:
22 September 1994
Copyright Number:
PA726079
Physical Properties:
Sound
Spectral Recording Dolby® Stereo Digital; DTS Digital in selected theatres
Color
Technicolor®
Lenses/Prints
Filmed in Panavision®
Prints
Prints by DeLuxe®; Dailies by Du Art
Duration(in mins):
140 or 142
MPAA Rating:
PG-13
Country:
United States
Language:
English
PCA No:
32823
Passed by NBR:
No
SYNOPSIS

Forrest Gump, a middle-aged man seated on a bus bench in Savannah, Georgia, offers a chocolate to an African-American nurse beside him. He tells the nurse an old saying of his mother’s: “Life is like a box of chocolates, you never know what you’re gonna get.” Forrest explains that he was named after an ancestor, General Nathan Forrest, who started the Ku Klux Klan, a racist organization. By naming her son "Forrest," Mrs. Gump wanted him to remember that people sometimes do things that don’t make any sense. Decades earlier, in Greenbow, Alabama, young Forrest lives with Mrs. Gump, his single mother, in a large, rural house where she rents out rooms to travelers. Born with a crooked spine, Forrest is made to wear a pair of leg braces to straighten his back. One day, a school administrator, Mr. Hancock, tells Mrs. Gump that Forrest cannot attend public school because his intelligence quotient of seventy-five is too low, but Mrs. Gump changes Hancock’s mind by having sex with him. Later, while a musician houseguest plays his guitar, Forrest dances, moving awkwardly due to his leg braces. Afterward, Mrs. Gump and Forrest spot the houseguest on television – it is Elvis Presley, a famous rock n’ roll musician, emulating Forrest’s style of dancing. On his first day of school, Forrest is shunned by all the kids on the school bus except by Jenny, a young girl who is abused by her alcoholic father. Forrest and Jenny become close friends, and, one day, when bullies throw rocks at Forrest, Jenny instructs him to run. Forrest runs so fast that the braces come off of his legs. From that day forward, Forrest ... +


Forrest Gump, a middle-aged man seated on a bus bench in Savannah, Georgia, offers a chocolate to an African-American nurse beside him. He tells the nurse an old saying of his mother’s: “Life is like a box of chocolates, you never know what you’re gonna get.” Forrest explains that he was named after an ancestor, General Nathan Forrest, who started the Ku Klux Klan, a racist organization. By naming her son "Forrest," Mrs. Gump wanted him to remember that people sometimes do things that don’t make any sense. Decades earlier, in Greenbow, Alabama, young Forrest lives with Mrs. Gump, his single mother, in a large, rural house where she rents out rooms to travelers. Born with a crooked spine, Forrest is made to wear a pair of leg braces to straighten his back. One day, a school administrator, Mr. Hancock, tells Mrs. Gump that Forrest cannot attend public school because his intelligence quotient of seventy-five is too low, but Mrs. Gump changes Hancock’s mind by having sex with him. Later, while a musician houseguest plays his guitar, Forrest dances, moving awkwardly due to his leg braces. Afterward, Mrs. Gump and Forrest spot the houseguest on television – it is Elvis Presley, a famous rock n’ roll musician, emulating Forrest’s style of dancing. On his first day of school, Forrest is shunned by all the kids on the school bus except by Jenny, a young girl who is abused by her alcoholic father. Forrest and Jenny become close friends, and, one day, when bullies throw rocks at Forrest, Jenny instructs him to run. Forrest runs so fast that the braces come off of his legs. From that day forward, Forrest runs everywhere he goes and eventually his athletic abilities earn him a football scholarship to the University of Alabama. When Forrest visits Jenny at her all-girl college, he embarrasses her by interrupting a date with a young man. Later that night, Jenny places Forrest’s hand on her breast, and he apologizes after ejaculating inside his pants. When he is selected for the All-American football team, Forrest meets President John F. Kennedy at the White House in Washington, D.C. Upon graduation, Forrest joins the United States Army and befriends Bubba Blue, another recruit who hails from a long line of shrimp fishermen. One night, a soldier hands Forrest a Playboy magazine with nude pictures of Jenny. On leave, Forrest goes to the topless bar where Jenny is working in Memphis, Tennessee, and when a man splashes Jenny with his drink, Forrest hits him and carries Jenny offstage. Afterward, she reprimands Forrest for trying to save her. Forrest tells Jenny he loves her, but she replies that he doesn’t know what love is. After they are sent to fight in the Vietnam War, Bubba suggests to Forrest that they start a shrimp fishing business when they return home. Sometime later, Forrest’s troop is ambushed in the jungle and Forrest saves several injured men, including his troop leader, Lieutenant Dan, by carrying them to safety. Although he is shot in the buttocks, Forrest heads back into the line of fire to find Bubba. Discovering that his friend is fatally injured, Forrest cradles Bubba in his arms as he dies. In the Army hospital, Forrest convalesces next to Lieutenant Dan, who has lost both his legs and resents Forrest for saving his life. Meanwhile, Forrest receives a stack of letters that were returned, unopened, from Jenny’s address in Greenbow. When he is awarded a Congressional Medal of Honor, Forrest returns to the White House and meets President Lyndon B. Johnson. During an anti-war protest outside the Washington Monument, Forrest is invited onto the stage to talk about the war, but an Army official unplugs the speaker system so that Forrest’s speech is inaudible. Spotting Forrest from the crowd, Jenny runs into the Reflecting Pool where Forrest joins her. Jenny takes Forrest to the headquarters of the Black Panthers, an African-American militant group, and one of the members lectures Forrest on the Vietnam War. When her boyfriend slaps Jenny across the face, Forrest attacks him. Later, Forrest tells Jenny that he would never hit her, saying he would like to be her boyfriend. However, after walking around with Forrest all night, Jenny returns to her abusive boyfriend. As she and the boyfriend board a bus, Forrest gives Jenny his Medal of Honor. Forrest, who spent countless hours playing ping-pong during his convalescence, travels to Army hospitals and teaches wounded soldiers how to play. Upon winning an international ping-pong championship in China, Forrest becomes a celebrity in the United States and is interviewed on The Dick Cavett Show alongside John Lennon of the famous rock n’ roll band, The Beatles. Leaving the show, Forrest runs into Lieutenant Dan who is now a bitter, wheelchair-bound alcoholic. After spending Christmas together, Forrest and Lieutenant Dan celebrate New Year’s Eve at a bar in New York City. Forrest daydreams about Jenny, who is in California, sneaking away from yet another abusive boyfriend. Traveling with the U.S. Ping-Pong Team, Forrest meets President Richard Nixon, and Nixon recommends that Forrest stay at the Watergate Hotel. There, Forrest notices flashlights inside the adjacent Watergate office complex one night and calls security, thus uncovering the infamous Watergate break-in. After he is discharged from the Army, Forrest receives $25,000 for endorsing a ping-pong paddle and uses the money to start a shrimp fishing business called Bubba Gump Shrimp Company, in honor of Bubba. Forrest names his boat Jenny and hires Lieutenant Dan to be his first mate, raising Dan’s spirits. Elsewhere, Jenny takes drugs and contemplates suicide. Although Forrest and Lieutenant Dan initially encounter obstacles at sea, their luck changes when a hurricane washes in an abundance of shrimp, making Bubba Gump an overnight success. One day on the boat, Forrest learns that Mrs. Gump is sick and he rushes home. Shortly after his return, Mrs. Gump dies from cancer. Since Lieutenant Dan invested Bubba Gump money into Apple Computers, Forrest receives windfall profits and gives his money away to churches, hospitals, and Bubba’s family. Forrest moves back into his mother’s house and cuts the grass at Greenbow’s high school football field for free. One day, Jenny arrives, and Forrest provides her with a room. First, she sleeps for a very long time, and after that, they walk around Greenbow together. When they come upon her father’s old house, Jenny becomes angry, throwing things and crying. On the Fourth of July, Forrest asks Jenny to marry him, but she refuses, saying he doesn’t want to marry her. Later that night, however, Jenny declares her love for Forrest, and they make love. The next morning, Jenny leaves without saying goodbye. Lonely in her absence, Forrest puts on a pair of running shoes that Jenny gave him and runs from his house. He doesn’t stop running and eventually reaches California, where he turns around and heads back East. Forrest runs cross-country multiple times, and after he receives attention from the press, other runners begin to follow him. Jenny sees Forrest on television and sends him a letter, asking him to visit Savannah, where she now works as a waitress. While still waiting for the bus in Savannah, Forrest learns from another passenger that he can walk to Jenny’s house. Finally, he leaves the bench where he first spoke to the nurse. At her apartment, Jenny apologizes for how she has treated Forrest, saying she was “messed up.” Forrest meets Jenny’s son, also named Forrest, and learns that he is the father. Forrest panics, asking if the child is smart, and Jenny assures him that he is. At a playground, Jenny tells Forrest that she is sick with a virus that has no cure. Forrest invites her and their son to stay with him in Greenbow, promising to take care of her. Jenny asks Forrest to marry her and he agrees. After they are married in Greenbow, she dies, and Forrest has her father’s house razed. Forrest continues to live in his mother’s house, sending his son to school on the same bus where he first met Jenny. +

Legend
Viewed by AFI
Partially Viewed
Offscreen Credit
Name Occurs Before Title
AFI Life Achievement Award
The American Film Institute is grateful to Sir Paul Getty KBE and the Sir Paul Getty KBE Estate for their dedication to the art of the moving image and their support for the AFI Catalog of Feature Films and without whose support AFI would not have been able to achieve this historical landmark in this epic scholarly endeavor.