The Eve of St. Mark (1944)

96 mins | Drama | June 1944

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HISTORY

According to a 16 Nov 1942 HR news item, Warner Bros., Paramount, M-G-M and Twentieth Century-Fox had each offered to meet Maxwell Anderson's asking price of $300,000 for the screen rights to his successful Broadway play before he selected Twentieth Century-Fox. Included in the purchase was an agreement not to release the film before Jan 1944, in order to give the play time to finish its run. Cast members Michael O'Shea, Stanley Prager, Joann Dolan, Toni Favor, George Mathews and Joven E. Rola reprised their roles from the Broadway production of the play.
       In Jun 1943, HR announced that Dana Andrews, James Engler and Brian Donlevy were being considered for top spots in the picture, and that "after making exhaustive tests for the femme lead," the studio handed the role to Dorothy McGuire. In Jul 1943, HR noted that Charles Bickford had been cast as "Deckman West," and in Aug 1943, that Maureen O'Hara would play "Janet Feller," as McGuire was not available for loanout from David O. Selznick for the role. Another Aug 1943 HR item stated that Aline MacMahon would be reprising her Broadway role of "Nell West" for the film. According to studio publicity statements, Tony Hughes was to play the chaplain, although that part is played by Harry Shannon in the finished film, and Leland Gray was cast as a soldier. Gray's appearance in the completed picture has not been confirmed, however. Ray Collins was borrowed from M-G-M for the production, which marked the screen debut of Stanley Prager. Michael O'Shea, who had been billed as Eddie O'Shea on Broadway, received such ... More Less

According to a 16 Nov 1942 HR news item, Warner Bros., Paramount, M-G-M and Twentieth Century-Fox had each offered to meet Maxwell Anderson's asking price of $300,000 for the screen rights to his successful Broadway play before he selected Twentieth Century-Fox. Included in the purchase was an agreement not to release the film before Jan 1944, in order to give the play time to finish its run. Cast members Michael O'Shea, Stanley Prager, Joann Dolan, Toni Favor, George Mathews and Joven E. Rola reprised their roles from the Broadway production of the play.
       In Jun 1943, HR announced that Dana Andrews, James Engler and Brian Donlevy were being considered for top spots in the picture, and that "after making exhaustive tests for the femme lead," the studio handed the role to Dorothy McGuire. In Jul 1943, HR noted that Charles Bickford had been cast as "Deckman West," and in Aug 1943, that Maureen O'Hara would play "Janet Feller," as McGuire was not available for loanout from David O. Selznick for the role. Another Aug 1943 HR item stated that Aline MacMahon would be reprising her Broadway role of "Nell West" for the film. According to studio publicity statements, Tony Hughes was to play the chaplain, although that part is played by Harry Shannon in the finished film, and Leland Gray was cast as a soldier. Gray's appearance in the completed picture has not been confirmed, however. Ray Collins was borrowed from M-G-M for the production, which marked the screen debut of Stanley Prager. Michael O'Shea, who had been billed as Eddie O'Shea on Broadway, received such good notices for The Eve of St. Mark , according to a HR news item, that Twentieth Century-Fox signed him to a long-term contract, which was shared with Hunt Stromberg.
       According to information in the file on the film in the MPAA/PCA Collection at the AMPAS Library, the film had numerous censorship problems, which began in 1942 when Paramount and M-G-M asked the PCA for approval to adapt the play. PCA director Joseph I. Breen strongly advised against the purchase, stating that a film based on the material could never be approved. Breen cited as problematic the scene in which the percentage of soldiers who will be sexually active is discussed; the characterization of "Lill" and "Sal" as prostitutes; the sequence in which "Quizz," while at home before being shipped out, and "Janet" contemplate consumating their relationship before they are married; and the "blasphemous language which occurs throughout the story." The 9 Jun 1943 first draft continuity submitted to the PCA by Twentieth Century-Fox was rejected by Breen due to the "percentage" concept relating to sexual activity, the men's interactions with "Lill" and "Sal," and the discussion between "Quizz" and "Janet" about the morality of becoming lovers before he leaves for combat duty. Breen also objected to "Janet" and "Nell" telling "Quizz" in the dream sequence to come home so that he can fulfill his relationship with "Janet." To make the screenplay acceptable, Breen suggested that the studio make it clear that the "percentage" scene referred to soldiers becoming drunk and disorderly. Although the studio did insert the suggested dialogue for that scene, as well as dropping the controversial discussion between "Janet" and "Quizz," numerous other dialogue bits objected to by the PCA were kept in the finished film, including "Ruby's" frequent use of the word "rutting"; "Mulveroy's" line, "With me, they got to have shoes!" when referring to his sexual preferences; and much of the suggestive dialogue in the sequences with "Lill" and "Sal."
       Although the picture received generally favorable reviews, several reviewers criticized the ending, in which it is definitely implied that "Quizz" is still alive. The NYHT reviewer commented, "There are those, undoubtedly, who will question the propriety of changing the ending....[that] found a farmboy dying on a South Sea atoll shortly after Pearl Harbor as 'one of the first to go, one of the first to die that we may keep this earth for free men.' Anderson was writing of his nephew, Sergeant Lee Chambers, and dedicated the play to him." According to the LAT critic, "the prophecy contained in the title is never fulfilled. This prophecy, a 'vision' of death on St. Mark's Eve, was originally shot as written and then changed when preview spectators complained of the 'unhappy ending.' As a consequence, Anderson's whole point is blunted and his title rendered meaningless." Early scripts contained in the studio files indicate that Twentieth Century-Fox did originally intend to preserve Anderson's ending. The Var reviewer, however, asserted that the change had its "compensations," noting, "If 20th-Fox's purpose was to give hope to friends and relatives of Philippine defenders 'missing in action'--and there's little question that such was its intent--then it's a commendable token of how Hollywood has done much in this war to promote the morale of the American civilian."
       According to the obituary of writer Marion Hargrove (1919--2003), Anderson based the character of "Pvt. Francis Marion" on him. Among Hargrove's many books was the comic novel See Here, Private Hargrove , upon which a 1944 M-G-M picture of the same title was produced (see below). More Less

BIBLIOGRAPHIC SOURCES
SOURCE
DATE
PAGE
Box Office
20 May 1944.
---
Daily Variety
17 May 44
pp. 3-4.
Film Daily
22 May 44
p. 6.
Hollywood Reporter
5 Nov 42
p. 1.
Hollywood Reporter
11 Nov 42
p. 1.
Hollywood Reporter
16 Nov 42
p. 1.
Hollywood Reporter
24 Nov 42
p. 2.
Hollywood Reporter
8 Jun 43
p. 2.
Hollywood Reporter
10 Jun 43
p. 2, 7
Hollywood Reporter
22 Jun 43
p. 5.
Hollywood Reporter
19 Jul 43
p. 2.
Hollywood Reporter
16 Aug 43
p. 4.
Hollywood Reporter
26 Aug 43
p. 2.
Hollywood Reporter
30 Aug 43
p. 6.
Hollywood Reporter
10 Sep 43
p. 11.
Hollywood Reporter
13 Sep 43
p. 7.
Hollywood Reporter
6 Oct 43
p. 1.
Hollywood Reporter
10 Nov 43
p. 12.
Hollywood Reporter
11 Nov 43
p. 4.
Hollywood Reporter
12 Nov 43
p. 9.
Hollywood Reporter
17 May 44
p. 3.
Hollywood Reporter
5 Jun 44
p. 6.
Los Angeles Times
9 Jun 1944.
---
Motion Picture Herald Product Digest
20 May 44
p. 1897.
New York Herald Tribune
6 Jun 1944.
---
New York Times
31 Jan 1943.
---
New York Times
31 May 44
p. 22.
Variety
17 May 44
p. 10.
Variety
19 May 1944.
---
CAST
PRODUCTION CREDITS
NAME
PARENT COMPANY
DISTRIBUTION COMPANY
NAME
CREDITED AS
CREDIT
DIRECTORS
Fill-In dir
Asst dir
PRODUCER
WRITER
PHOTOGRAPHY
Dir of photog
ART DIRECTORS
Art dir
FILM EDITOR
Film ed
SET DECORATORS
Set dec
COSTUMES
MUSIC
Mus dir
VISUAL EFFECTS
Spec photog eff
MAKEUP
Makeup artist
PRODUCTION MISC
Dog trainer
SOURCES
LITERARY
Based on the play The Eve of St. Mark by Maxwell Anderson (New York, 7 Oct 1942).
DETAILS
Release Date:
June 1944
Premiere Information:
New York opening: 30 May 1944
Los Angeles opening: 8 June 1944
Production Date:
13 September--mid November 1943
Copyright Claimant:
Twentieth Century-Fox Film Corp.
Copyright Date:
30 May 1944
Copyright Number:
LP12756
Physical Properties:
Sound
Western Electric Recording
Black and White
Duration(in mins):
96
Length(in feet):
8,690
Length(in reels):
11
Country:
United States
PCA No:
9651
SYNOPSIS

Pvt. Quizz West, who was drafted on 29 Oct 1940, along with a million and a half other young men, is on leave from basic training when he returns to his boyhood home in Ithaca, New York, where his family eagerly awaits his arrival and the fulfillment of his promise to introduce them to "the most wonderful person in the world." Quizz's father and mother, Deckman and Nell, and his younger brothers, Zip and Neil, laugh when Quizz shows up with Janet Feller, the daughter of the local postman. Although Janet has loved Quizz for years, he had not noticed his pretty neighbor until they met in New York City while he was on leave. Quizz then shows Janet the spot where he intends to build a home and asks her to share it with him, and Janet gladly accepts. After Quizz returns to Camp Grace, the soldiers count their money on payday, and several of Quizz's comrades--Pvt. Thomas Mulveroy, Corp. Tate, Pvt. Glinka and Shevlin--divide up the pay packet of Pvt. Francis Marion, a philosophical, alcohol-loving Southerner who continually borrows money from them. Glinka then relates part of a morale lecture he overheard, which is being attended by Ruby, their profanity-spewing drill sergeant. According to Glinka, the non-commissioned officers were told that fifteen percent of the men will behave themselves because of their love for their wives or sweethearts, another twenty-five percent will commit mischief and cannot be redeemed, and that the remaining sixty percent, who may go either way, must be offered something better in order to keep them on the straight and narrow. Mulveroy then does an insulting impersonation of ... +


Pvt. Quizz West, who was drafted on 29 Oct 1940, along with a million and a half other young men, is on leave from basic training when he returns to his boyhood home in Ithaca, New York, where his family eagerly awaits his arrival and the fulfillment of his promise to introduce them to "the most wonderful person in the world." Quizz's father and mother, Deckman and Nell, and his younger brothers, Zip and Neil, laugh when Quizz shows up with Janet Feller, the daughter of the local postman. Although Janet has loved Quizz for years, he had not noticed his pretty neighbor until they met in New York City while he was on leave. Quizz then shows Janet the spot where he intends to build a home and asks her to share it with him, and Janet gladly accepts. After Quizz returns to Camp Grace, the soldiers count their money on payday, and several of Quizz's comrades--Pvt. Thomas Mulveroy, Corp. Tate, Pvt. Glinka and Shevlin--divide up the pay packet of Pvt. Francis Marion, a philosophical, alcohol-loving Southerner who continually borrows money from them. Glinka then relates part of a morale lecture he overheard, which is being attended by Ruby, their profanity-spewing drill sergeant. According to Glinka, the non-commissioned officers were told that fifteen percent of the men will behave themselves because of their love for their wives or sweethearts, another twenty-five percent will commit mischief and cannot be redeemed, and that the remaining sixty percent, who may go either way, must be offered something better in order to keep them on the straight and narrow. Mulveroy then does an insulting impersonation of Ruby, whom all the men despise, just as the sergeant enters. Ruby threatens to make life difficult for the men, and in retaliation, they plot to beat Ruby and Sgt. Kriven to town, where the officers are supposed to meet twin sisters Sal and Lill Bird. At a cheap night spot, Mulveroy and Glinka attempt to romance Sal and Lill, but the sisters are more impressed by the quiet Quizz and poetical Marion. Although Sal realizes that Quizz is in love with a girl back home, she tells him that he will forget her, as she is so far away. Quizz remains true to Janet, however, and leaves with Marion to mail a letter to her. Later, the company receives orders to ship out for San Francisco, but are first given a forty-eight hour leave to say their goodbyes. Quizz spends most of his leave trying to get home, but once there, he and Janet affirm their love for each other. The men then depart for San Francisco and the South Pacific, and months later, Janet reads one of Quizz's letters aloud to the West family. The family is thunderstruck by the announcement of the bombing of Pearl Harbor, and anxiously realize that Quizz may not come home. Later, Quizz and the others are fighting a desperate battle to hold their tiny, strategically important island in the Philippines. Low on rations and quinine, the men are plagued by malaria and exhaustion but continue to fight. The feverish Marion, upon asking the date, remarks that it is the Eve of St. Mark, when, according to legend, a maiden standing in a church doorway can see all those who are going to die within the year. Just then, Marion notices Pepita, a Filipino woman who has been acting as the men's nurse, standing at the entrance of their cave, and he interprets her presence as proof that they will all die. Kriven, who has gone to another island for orders, returns with a letter from their commanding officer, who tells the men that, while they are free to retreat, every day they hold back the encroaching Japanese forces will aid the other troops. The men decide to sleep on the situation before voting whether to remain or leave, and as Quizz tosses and turns, he dreams of Janet and his mother, who both urge him to return. The next day, the men vote to stay, and as they pound at nearby Japanese barges with their Howitzer, the island is hit. Later, in Ithaca, the Wests listen to a radio report offering comfort to families with sons missing in action, and Janet arrives with a letter from Quizz's commanding officer, Solway. Solway has forwarded Quizz's last letters to Janet and tells her that Quizz and his friends, who acted with extraordinary courage, were shelled, but that some of them escaped in an outrigger. Solway encourages Janet, telling her that she may hear from Quizz in time, and Deck and Nell prepare to send their other sons off to join the military. +

Legend
Viewed by AFI
Partially Viewed
Offscreen Credit
Name Occurs Before Title
AFI Life Achievement Award

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