Hellgate (1952)

87 mins | Drama | 4 July 1952

Producer:

John C. Champion

Cinematographer:

Ernest Miller

Editor:

Elmo Williams

Production Designer:

F. Paul Sylos

Production Company:

Commander Films Corp.
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HISTORY

The working title of this film was Hellgate Prison . Hellgate marked the only production of the Commander Films Corp.; an Oct 1951 HR news item listed the production company as Tower Productions. Although HR reported in Apr 1949 that U-I had purchased the story and signed John C. Champion to develop an original screenplay with Sam Newman, only Champion and Charles Marquis Warren received onscreen credit as writers. The extent of Newman's contribution to the finished film has not been determined. In addition, HR named Warren as the producer of the film in Jun 1951, although Champion was credited onscreen as producer. The picture's start date was postponed from Jan to late Mar 1952 because of inclement weather, and although pre-production HR news items state that locations were considered in Kanab, UT, Lone Pine, CA and New Mexico, Lippert press information stated that the picture was partially shot in Bronson Canyon in Los Angeles. Whether or not location shooting was done in the places mentioned in HR news items has not been determined.
       A 28 Jun 1951 HR news item states that Lloyd Bridges was signed to star in the film, but he was replaced by Sterling Hayden. According to HR news items, the following actors are included in the cast: House Peters, Jr., Sam Newman, Michael Rogan, Ed Cobb, Frank Mathias, Bob Peoples, Mickey Simpson, Guy Hearn, Doug Evans, Bruce Dane, Carl Davis and O. Z. Whitehead. Their appearance in the final film has not been confirmed. A modern source indicates that the film was based on the 1936 ... More Less

The working title of this film was Hellgate Prison . Hellgate marked the only production of the Commander Films Corp.; an Oct 1951 HR news item listed the production company as Tower Productions. Although HR reported in Apr 1949 that U-I had purchased the story and signed John C. Champion to develop an original screenplay with Sam Newman, only Champion and Charles Marquis Warren received onscreen credit as writers. The extent of Newman's contribution to the finished film has not been determined. In addition, HR named Warren as the producer of the film in Jun 1951, although Champion was credited onscreen as producer. The picture's start date was postponed from Jan to late Mar 1952 because of inclement weather, and although pre-production HR news items state that locations were considered in Kanab, UT, Lone Pine, CA and New Mexico, Lippert press information stated that the picture was partially shot in Bronson Canyon in Los Angeles. Whether or not location shooting was done in the places mentioned in HR news items has not been determined.
       A 28 Jun 1951 HR news item states that Lloyd Bridges was signed to star in the film, but he was replaced by Sterling Hayden. According to HR news items, the following actors are included in the cast: House Peters, Jr., Sam Newman, Michael Rogan, Ed Cobb, Frank Mathias, Bob Peoples, Mickey Simpson, Guy Hearn, Doug Evans, Bruce Dane, Carl Davis and O. Z. Whitehead. Their appearance in the final film has not been confirmed. A modern source indicates that the film was based on the 1936 Twentieth Century-Fox film The Prisoner of Shark Island , directed by John Ford and starring Warren Baxter (see AFI Catalog of Feature Films, 1930-41 ). Hellgate , however, bares only a passing resemblance to the 1936 picture, which recounted the true story of Dr. Samuel Mudd, a man falsely accused of involvement in the assassination of President Lincoln, who eventually proves his moral standing by helping to save a prison from disaster. In 1958, CBS broadcast a television movie based on the same story, titled The Case for Dr. Mudd . More Less

BIBLIOGRAPHIC SOURCES
SOURCE
DATE
PAGE
Box Office
30 Aug 1952.
---
Daily Variety
15 Aug 52
p. 3.
Hollywood Reporter
26 Apr 1949.
---
Hollywood Reporter
11 Jun 51
p. 1.
Hollywood Reporter
28 Jun 1951
p. 2.
Hollywood Reporter
20 Jul 51
p. 3.
Hollywood Reporter
30 Oct 51
p. 2.
Hollywood Reporter
27 Dec 1951
p. 6.
Hollywood Reporter
21 Jan 52
p. 3.
Hollywood Reporter
13 Mar 52
p. 2.
Hollywood Reporter
24 Mar 52
p. 39.
Hollywood Reporter
28 Mar 52
p. 11.
Hollywood Reporter
1 Apr 52
p. 6.
Hollywood Reporter
3 Apr 52
p. 6.
Hollywood Reporter
9 Apr 52
p. 6.
Hollywood Reporter
10 Apr 52
p. 5.
Hollywood Reporter
11 Apr 52
p. 11.
Hollywood Reporter
9 May 52
p. 2.
Hollywood Reporter
15 Aug 52
p. 3.
Motion Picture Herald Product Digest
23 Aug 52
p. 1502.
Variety
10 Sep 52
p. 6.
CAST
PRODUCTION CREDITS
NAME
PARENT COMPANY
PRODUCTION COMPANY
DISTRIBUTION COMPANY
NAME
CREDITED AS
CREDIT
DIRECTORS
Dial dir
PRODUCER
PHOTOGRAPHY
ART DIRECTOR
Art dir
FILM EDITOR
Film ed
SET DECORATOR
Set dec
COSTUMES
MUSIC
Mus comp and cond
Mus ed
SOUND
Sd eng
Rec
VISUAL EFFECTS
Spec eff
MAKEUP
Makeup artist
PRODUCTION MISC
Prod supv
Grip foreman
Scr supv
DETAILS
Alternate Title:
Hellgate Prison
Release Date:
4 July 1952
Production Date:
25 March--mid April 1952
Copyright Claimant:
R. L. Lippert Pictures, Inc.
Copyright Date:
12 September 1952
Copyright Number:
LP1914
Physical Properties:
Sound
Black and White
Duration(in mins):
87
Length(in feet):
7,870
Length(in reels):
9
Country:
United States
Language:
English
PCA No:
15978
SYNOPSIS

In 1867, Verne Brechene and his gang of ex-Confederate soldiers have become guerrillas and now terrorize Kansas. After Brechene breaks his ribs, he stops at the home of veterinarian Gilman S. Hanley and his wife Elly. Gil tries to help by binding Brechene's ribs, but on his way out Brechene secretly trades his horses for Gil's and drops a saddlebag full of money. Though an ex-Rebel himself, Gil has changed his loyalties, but is nonetheless mistrusted by the townsmen. The Yankee soldiers who police the town arrive the next morning to search Gil's house, and arrest him as soon as they discover the saddlebag. Considering only circumstantial evidence, the court indicts Gil for aiding and abetting the guerrillas. Although Gil asks them to catch Brechene so he can clear his name, the criminal condemns Gil when he is captured in retaliation for what he believes was deliberately poor doctoring. Gil is sent to New Mexico's Hellgate Prison, whose warden, Lt. Voorhees, lost his wife and daughter to guerrillas and so despises Gil immediately. The prison, which is built into the caverns below a rugged, arid desert, is considered inescapable. Voorhees has orders not to kill Gil but wants to force him to attempt escape, so his murder will be sanctioned. After Gil settles in with fellow prisoners Nigh, Dundy Boyd, Jumper Hall, Mott, Native American Honchi and their leader, hotheaded Redfield, Gil recognizes that Mott is dying from internal injuries. Although Redfield kicks Mott, further injuring him, he realizes that Mott is the only man who knows a path across the desert and so can help them escape. The next day, Nigh is so tormented by the ringing in ... +


In 1867, Verne Brechene and his gang of ex-Confederate soldiers have become guerrillas and now terrorize Kansas. After Brechene breaks his ribs, he stops at the home of veterinarian Gilman S. Hanley and his wife Elly. Gil tries to help by binding Brechene's ribs, but on his way out Brechene secretly trades his horses for Gil's and drops a saddlebag full of money. Though an ex-Rebel himself, Gil has changed his loyalties, but is nonetheless mistrusted by the townsmen. The Yankee soldiers who police the town arrive the next morning to search Gil's house, and arrest him as soon as they discover the saddlebag. Considering only circumstantial evidence, the court indicts Gil for aiding and abetting the guerrillas. Although Gil asks them to catch Brechene so he can clear his name, the criminal condemns Gil when he is captured in retaliation for what he believes was deliberately poor doctoring. Gil is sent to New Mexico's Hellgate Prison, whose warden, Lt. Voorhees, lost his wife and daughter to guerrillas and so despises Gil immediately. The prison, which is built into the caverns below a rugged, arid desert, is considered inescapable. Voorhees has orders not to kill Gil but wants to force him to attempt escape, so his murder will be sanctioned. After Gil settles in with fellow prisoners Nigh, Dundy Boyd, Jumper Hall, Mott, Native American Honchi and their leader, hotheaded Redfield, Gil recognizes that Mott is dying from internal injuries. Although Redfield kicks Mott, further injuring him, he realizes that Mott is the only man who knows a path across the desert and so can help them escape. The next day, Nigh is so tormented by the ringing in his ears that he runs from the guards, but Voorhees lingers before killing him, in order to increase his enjoyment. Over the next weeks, Gil works backbreaking double shifts in the cistern, while at night Redfield insists that he help dig a tunnel out of the cell. Meanwhile, Elly writes to Gil that she is trying to contact officials, but Voorhees taunts Gil by refusing to give him the letters. That night, Mott whispers to Gil that he has scratched a map of the desert on the door, but when Redfield shakes him, Mott dies. Soon, the cellmates reach the end of the tunnel. That night, Gil asks Hall to pick the cell lock so he can steal his letters, but during his attempt, the guards notice that someone is missing. Gil sneaks back in and Boyd lies that no one left. Although Gil tries to save Boyd by confessing, the guards pistol whip Boyd for lying. This infuriates Gil, who escapes again and releases the other prisoners. They storm the gate, where they are met by Voorhees' firing squad. Gil is blamed for the whole situation and sentenced to days in the "hot box," a six-by-three-foot metal box placed in the sun. After he is finally released, he plans a prison break with his cellmates, but Hall reveals the scheme to Voorhees. Although they make it into the desert, all the men except Gil are soon killed by Native American warriors or Voorhees' men. The lieutenant informs Gil that he has received an order to let Gil go home in order to act as bait for Brechene, but now will not release him. While Gil suffers in the hot box, a guard contracts typhus fever and the frightened nearby town erects a barricade, keeping disease from them and water away from the prison. Since a lack of water exacerbates the disease's spread, Voorhees grows desperate, finally realizing that only Gil, who knows the way across the desert, can help. Gil agrees to go in return for Voorhees' promise that he will ask a new prisoner, a guerrilla now in the sick tent, to confirm that Gil is not part of his group. Voorhees reluctantly lets Gil go alone, and his fears are confirmed when Gil veers off the trail to Mexico and heads toward town. Although he appears to be running away, Gil goes to town and allows himself to be shot in the arm in order to appeal to the townspeople. He convinces them that the only way to contain the fever is to treat it. When Voorhees sees Gil returning with the water, he lies to his men that the ailing guerrilla regained consciousness before his death and cleared Gil's name. A few days later, Elly is sending Gil a letter when she hears footsteps at the door, and joyfully embraces her husband. +

Legend
Viewed by AFI
Partially Viewed
Offscreen Credit
Name Occurs Before Title
AFI Life Achievement Award

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