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HISTORY

End credits begin with the following statements: “Jack Ruby died in the Dallas County Jail in 1967. His request to be taken to Washington to testify was never granted”; “‘The world will never know the true facts of what occurred, my motives . . . because unfortunately the people who had so much to gain . . . will never let the true facts come out aboveboard to the word,’ – Jack Ruby, Dallas County Jail, 1965”; and “While certain characters and events are based on real people and actual events, other characters and events are purely fictional. Fictional characters include, among others, the character Candy Cane and all incidents involving Candy Cane are fictional. Any similarity between fictional characters and living persons is unintended and coincidental.”
       Ruby is based on Stephen Davis’s stage play, Love Field, about nightclub owner Jack Ruby, who shot Lee Harvey Oswald, the man who assassinated President John F Kennedy. The 11 Aug 1991 LAT reported the play, which performed at the Bush Theatre in London, England, in 1987, took its name from Dallas, TX’s main airfield, where Kennedy landed the morning of his death. A moderate success, the play caught the attention of producer Sigurjon Sighvatsson, head of the recently opened Propaganda Films. Sighvatsson persuaded Davis to expand the play, which was set entirely in Jack Ruby’s Carousel Club, into a full-length screenplay. Promotional materials in AMPAS library files indicated that Davis spent two years interviewing former Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) employees to get an understanding of how counterintelligence works before beginning the screenplay.
       By the time the film was ready to go into production, ... More Less

End credits begin with the following statements: “Jack Ruby died in the Dallas County Jail in 1967. His request to be taken to Washington to testify was never granted”; “‘The world will never know the true facts of what occurred, my motives . . . because unfortunately the people who had so much to gain . . . will never let the true facts come out aboveboard to the word,’ – Jack Ruby, Dallas County Jail, 1965”; and “While certain characters and events are based on real people and actual events, other characters and events are purely fictional. Fictional characters include, among others, the character Candy Cane and all incidents involving Candy Cane are fictional. Any similarity between fictional characters and living persons is unintended and coincidental.”
       Ruby is based on Stephen Davis’s stage play, Love Field, about nightclub owner Jack Ruby, who shot Lee Harvey Oswald, the man who assassinated President John F Kennedy. The 11 Aug 1991 LAT reported the play, which performed at the Bush Theatre in London, England, in 1987, took its name from Dallas, TX’s main airfield, where Kennedy landed the morning of his death. A moderate success, the play caught the attention of producer Sigurjon Sighvatsson, head of the recently opened Propaganda Films. Sighvatsson persuaded Davis to expand the play, which was set entirely in Jack Ruby’s Carousel Club, into a full-length screenplay. Promotional materials in AMPAS library files indicated that Davis spent two years interviewing former Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) employees to get an understanding of how counterintelligence works before beginning the screenplay.
       By the time the film was ready to go into production, another film titled Love Field (1992, see entry), a period drama starring Michelle Pfeiffer as a Dallas housewife traveling on a bus to Washington, D.C. to attend the John F. Kennedy funeral, was already in production. Producers retitled their movie Ruby.
       Acclaimed music video director David Fincher was set to make his feature film debut with Ruby, the 1 Apr 1990 LAT reported. However, Fincher withdrew from the project and was replaced by Scottish director John Mackenzie. Actor Danny Aiello was signed to play Jack Ruby opposite actress Jennifer Jason Leigh as “Candy Cane,” the 8 Mar 1991 Screen International reported. However, she was replaced by actress Sherilyn Fenn, who had costarred in Propaganda Film’s acclaimed television series Twin Peaks (ABC, 8 Apr 1990—10 Jun 1991).
       Ruby was one of three Kennedy assassination-era movies being made in the Dallas area in 1991. The Mar 1992 issue of Us magazine reported that the big-budget, Oliver Stone-directed JFK (1991, see entry), was filming at the same time, while director Phil Joanou planned to film Libra, based on the 1988 novel by Don DeLillo about the life of Lee Harvey Oswald. The 27 May 1992 issue of London’s Time Out magazine reported that Stone, through his agent at the powerful Creative Artists Agency (CAA), warned Joanou, a relatively young director, to stop competing with him on similar themed material, thereby halting the movie. When the pay cable channel Home Box Office (HBO) showed interest in reviving Libra, CAA representatives phoned HBO and stopped the project.
       While Oliver Stone was not able to prevent Ruby from being made, he did create roadblocks for the movie, which was budgeted at $8--$9 million, compared to $35--$40 million for JFK. Us magazine reported that Stone tried to get a three-year guarantee that no other film could use the Texas School Book Depository building from which Oswald fired upon Kennedy’s motorcade. Stone defended the action, saying exclusive agreements for locations were a common practice in the film business to protect the commercial viability of a project. However, director John Mackenzie was able to persuade the Dallas City Council to let him use the book depository building and the surrounding Dealey Plaza. After that, Mackenzie told Us that Stone approached the owners of surrounding buildings in Dealey Plaza and negotiated for them not to take down signs and awnings added since 1963. Stone denied the charges, saying that Mackenzie was merely trying to generate publicity for his film. Mackenzie adapted by shooting from particular angles and placing objects in the foreground to obscure the modern signage and awnings.
       The 11 Aug 1991 LAT reported that Fred Ciacelli, the owner of the only known replica of the 1961 Lincoln Continental X-100 limousine in which the Kennedys were riding when the fatal shots rang out, was offered $10,000 by Stone’s production company to decline Ruby ’s request to rent the car. However, Stone denied those claims as well
       Stone told the LAT that he had an amicable relationship with the rival production until Ruby associate producer Richard Wright and co-producer Jay Roewe arrived on the set as his crew was preparing Dealey Plaza for the JFK shoot, and took photographs of the signage, frontage, and wardrobe without permission. Stone said they essentially stole his team’s research, something that transformed the rivalry into an unfriendly one. He added that Ruby producers behaved as if he owed them favors simply because JFK had a larger budget.
       Principal photography began in May 1991, according to the 16 Aug 1991 DV production chart. However, promotional materials in AMPAS library files indicate production began in Jun 1991 in Los Angeles, CA, and had a forty-two day shoot. The film also shot in Palm Springs, CA, which doubled for Las Vegas, NV. In Aug 1991, shortly after JFK wrapped, the production moved to Dallas for a week of location shooting in Dealey Plaza, the Dallas courthouse, and the basement of the Dallas jail where Jack Ruby shot and killed Lee Harvey Oswald. After that, the production spent a final week in old San Juan, Puerto Rico, which doubled as 1960s Cuba.
       Ruby opened on 27 Mar 1992, three months after JFK. The 31 Mar 1992 DV reported Ruby was released on 764 screens, but only took in $804 per screen for a total of $614,256 in its opening weekend.
       End credits contain the following acknowledgment: “The Producers wish to thank: Columbia/Tri Star Home Video; David Fincher; Miles Mogulescu; Ted MacKinney, Bobby Woods; Bob Jenkis; Dave Fiske; Neal Thompson; Susan Bradley; Donnie Roache; Steve Lavy; Alex Wengert; Kurt Woolner; Patricia O’Brien – Screen Actors Guild; The North Texas Film Commission; The City of Dallas, Texas; Dallas County Commissioner’s Court; Dallas County Facilities Department; The Dallas Police Department; The City of Palmer, Texas; KLIF 570, Dallas; News 1080 KRLD, Dallas; The City of San Juan, Puerto Rico; U.S. Parks Department, Puerto Rico; The Puerto Rico Film Commission; and Malcolm Ritchie; Kathryn Smith; Jill Tandy.”
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BIBLIOGRAPHIC SOURCES
SOURCE
DATE
PAGE
Daily Variety
16 Aug 1991
p. 12.
Daily Variety
25 Mar 1992
p. 2, 15.
Daily Variety
31 Mar 1992
p. 10.
Hollywood Reporter
30 Aug 1991.
---
Hollywood Reporter
23 Mar 1992
p. 49, 53.
Los Angeles Times
1 Apr 1990.
---
Los Angeles Times
11 Aug 1991
Calendar section, p. 23, 67, 76.
Los Angeles Times
27 Mar 1992
Calendar, p. 8.
New York Times
27 Mar 1992
Section C, p. 1.
Screen International
8 Mar 1991.
---
Time Out (London)
27 May 1992
p. 20.
Us
Mar 1992
p. 18.
Variety
30 Mar 1992
p. 77.
CAST
PRODUCTION CREDITS
NAME
PARENT COMPANY
PRODUCTION TEXTS
Polygram Presents
A Propaganda Films Production of
A Film by John Mackenzie
Produced in association with Kuzui Enterprises
DISTRIBUTION COMPANY
NAME
CREDITED AS
CREDIT
DIRECTORS
Unit prod mgr
1st asst dir
2d asst dir
DGA trainee
2d 2d asst dir, Dallas crew
PRODUCERS
Co-prod
Assoc prod
Assoc prod
Exec prod
WRITER
PHOTOGRAPHY
Photog
1st asst cam
2d asst cam
Loader
Film/video playback supv
Dir of photog, 2d unit
Addl cam op, 2d unit
1st asst cam, 2d unit
1st asst cam, 2d unit
1st asst cam, 2d unit
2d asst cam, 2d unit
Still photog
Steadicam op
Best boy elec
Elec
Best boy grip
Dolly grip
Dolly grip
Grip
Cam op, Dallas crew
Steadicam op, Dallas crew
Cam asst, Dallas crew
Cam asst, Dallas crew
Loader, Dallas crew
Elec, Dallas crew
Elec, Dallas crew
Elec, Dallas crew
Elec, Dallas crew
Elec, Dallas crew
Elec, Dallas crew
Elec, Dallas crew
Grip, Dallas crew
Grip, Dallas crew
Grip, Dallas crew
Generator op, Dallas crew
Asst cam, Puerto Rico crew
Asst cam, Puerto Rico crew
Rigging elec, Puerto Rico crew
Rigging elec, Puerto Rico crew
Rigging elec, Puerto Rico crew
Rigging elec, Puerto Rico crew
Rigging elec, Puerto Rico crew
Rigging elec, Puerto Rico crew
Rigging elec, Puerto Rico crew
Rigging elec, Puerto Rico crew
Elec, Puerto Rico crew
Elec, Puerto Rico crew
Elec, Puerto Rico crew
Addl elec, Puerto Rico crew
Rigging grip, Puerto Rico crew
Rigging grip, Puerto Rico crew
Rigging grip, Puerto Rico crew
Grip, Puerto Rico crew
Grip, Puerto Rico crew
Grip, Puerto Rico crew
Addl grip, Puerto Rico crew
Spec opt enhancement of motorcade footage by
ART DIRECTORS
Prod des
Art dept coord
Art dept PA
Art dept researcher
Art dept asst, Dallas crew
Graphic des, Dallas crew
Sign wrt, Dallas crew
Sign painter, Dallas crew
Sign painter, Dallas crew
Asst art dept, Puerto Rico crew
Prod illustrator
FILM EDITORS
Post prod supv
Post prod coord
1st asst ed
2d asst ed
Apprentice ed
Apprentice ed
Ed asst
Asst post-prod coord
Addl post-prod supv
Post prod asst
Post prod asst
Post prod asst
Negative cutter
Ed facility and equip provided by
SET DECORATORS
Set dec
Prop master
Asst prop master
Set des
Const coord
Const coord
Shop foreman
Carpenter
Carpenter
Carpenter
Carpenter
Carpenter
Carpenter
Carpenter
Carpenter
Carpenter
Carpenter
Lead scenic artist
Asst lead scenic
Lead scenic (Palm Springs)
Scenic artist
Scenic artist
Scenic artist
Scenic artist
Scenic artist
Scenic artist
Scenic artist
Scenic artist
Leadman
Set dresser
Swing boss
Swing gang
Swing gang
Swing gang
Swing gang
Swing gang
Prop maker
Prop maker
Prop maker
Prop maker
Prop maker
Prop maker
Prop maker
Set des, Dallas crew
Set dec, Dallas crew
Leadman, Dallas crew
Set dresser, Dallas crew
Set dresser, Dallas crew
Set dresser, Dallas crew
Prop asst, Dallas crew
Lead scenic, Dallas crew
Scenic, Dallas crew
Scenic, Dallas crew
Const foreman, Dallas crew
Const coord, Dallas crew
Asst set dresser, Puerto Rico crew
Asst set dresser, Puerto Rico crew
Asst set dresser, Puerto Rico crew
Asst set dresser, Puerto Rico crew
Rigging grip, Puerto Rico crew
Lead scenic, Puerto Rico crew
Const coord, Puerto Rico crew
Const art dept, Puerto Rico crew
Const art dept, Puerto Rico crew
Const art dept, Puerto Rico crew
Const art dept, Puerto Rico crew
Swing, Puerto Rico crew
Painter, Puerto Rico crew
Draftsman, Puerto Rico crew
COSTUMES
Cost des
Asst cost des
Ward supv
Key cost
Set cost
Set cost
Ward asst
Cost, Dallas crew
Ward asst, Dallas crew
Ward asst, Dallas crew
Ward asst, Dallas crew
Asst ward, Puerto Rico crew
Asst ward, Puerto Rico crew
MUSIC
Mus supv by
Mus supv by
Mus ed
Asst mus ed
Preview mus ed
Orch cond by
Carousel Club mus comp and prod by
Mus clearances
Scoring supv/coord
Scoring eng
Rec consultant
SOUND
Prod sd
Sd boom
Sd des by
Sd eff ed
Sd ed
Sd ed
Foley mixer
Foley artist
Foley artist
Foley artist
Re-rec mixer
Re-rec mixer
Re-rec mixer
ADR group
ADR group, LA Maddogs
ADR group, LA Maddogs
ADR group, LA Maddogs
ADR group, LA Maddogs
ADR group, LA Maddogs
ADR group, LA Maddogs
ADR group, LA Maddogs
Dolby Stereo ® consultant
VISUAL EFFECTS
Spec eff coord
Spec eff
Spec eff supv, Dallas crew
Title des by
Titles and opt eff by
DANCE
MAKEUP
Hair stylist
Makeup artist
Danny Aiello's hair and makeup by
Asst makeup artist
Asst hair & makeup
Asst hair, Dallas crew
Asst hair, Dallas crew
Asst hair, Dallas crew
Asst hair, Dallas crew
Asst hair, Dallas crew
Asst hair, Dallas crew
Makeup asst, Dallas crew
Makeup asst, Dallas crew
Makeup asst, Dallas crew
Makeup, Puerto Rico crew
Hair stylist, Puerto Rico crew
Period haircuts in Palm Springs and Dallas by
PRODUCTION MISC
Casting
Exec in charge of prod
Exec prod coord
Scr supv
Prod auditor
Prod coord
Film/video playback supv
Helicopter pilot
Addl helicopter pilot
Asst loc mgr
Asst loc mgr
Asst loc mgr
Marketing consultant, Uptown Group
Marketing consultant, Uptown Group
Marketing consultant
Asst to the prod
Asst to John Mackenzie
Asst auditor
Casting assoc
Casting asst
Palm Springs liaison
Unit pub
Loc asst
Loc asst
Loc asst
Dialect coach
Asst to Danny Aiello
Asst to Sherilyn Fenn
Personal asst to Mr. Sighvatsson and Mr. Golin
Personal asst to Mr. Sighvatsson and Mr. Golin
Loc foreman
Key set prod asst
Set prod asst
Set prod asst
Set prod asst
Set prod asst
Set intern
Prod receptionist
Office prod asst
Office prod asst
Office prod asst
Transportation coord
Transportation capt
Transportation capt
Driver
Driver
Transportation asst
Extras casting, The Casting Group
Extras casting
Playback op
Playback op
Research asst
Craft service
Craft service
Fire safety officer
Massage therapist to Sherilyn Fenn
Prod coord, Dallas crew
Asst prod coord, Dallas crew
Casting, Dallas crew
Extras casting, Dallas crew
Extras asst casting, Dallas crew
Loc asst, Dallas crew
Loc asst, Dallas crew
Key set prod asst, Dallas crew
Set prod asst, Dallas crew
Set prod asst, Dallas crew
Set prod asst, Dallas crew
Set prod asst, Dallas crew
Set prod asst, Dallas crew
Set prod asst, Dallas crew
Set prod asst, Dallas crew
Set prod asst, Dallas crew
Transportation capt, Dallas crew
Picture cars, Dallas crew
Courtroom adv, Dallas crew
Office prod asst, Dallas crew
Nurse, Dallas crew
Prod supv, Puerto Rico crew
Prod secy, Puerto Rico crew
Loc mgr, Puerto Rico crew
Casting, Puerto Rico crew
Asst casting, Puerto Rico crew
Transportation coord, Puerto Rico crew
Driver, Puerto Rico crew
Driver, Puerto Rico crew
Driver, Puerto Rico crew
Driver, Puerto Rico crew
Driver, Puerto Rico crew
Driver, Puerto Rico crew
Driver, Puerto Rico crew
Driver, Puerto Rico crew
Driver, Puerto Rico crew
Driver, Puerto Rico crew
Driver, Puerto Rico crew
Driver, Puerto Rico crew
Driver, Puerto Rico crew
Driver, Puerto Rico crew
Prod asst, Puerto Rico crew
Prod asst, Puerto Rico crew
Prod asst, Puerto Rico crew
Prod asst, Puerto Rico crew
Prod asst, Puerto Rico crew
Prod asst, Puerto Rico crew
Prod asst, Puerto Rico crew
Craft service, Puerto Rico crew
Craft service, Puerto Rico crew
Nurse, Puerto Rico crew
Presidential limousine provided by
Presidential limousine provided by
Clip from "Viva Las Vegas" provided by
Stock footage provided by
Stock footage provided by
Stock footage provided by
Stock footage provided by
Stock footage provided by
Stock footage provided by
Legal services by
Completion bond
Pub relations, Baker, Winokur & Ryder
Pub relations
Pub relations, Clein & White/NY
Pub relations
Spec pub, Edelman Public Relations
Post-prod accounting, Entertainment Accounting, In
Post-prod accounting, Entertainment Accounting, In
Post-prod accounting
Travel services, Aspen Travel, Jackson Hole, WY
Animal provided by
Dog trainer
STAND INS
Stunt coord
Stunt performer
Stunt performer
Stunt performer
Stunt performer
Stunt performer
Stunt performer
Stunt performer
Stunt performer
Stunt performer
Stunt performer
Stunt performer
Stunt performer
Stunt performer
Stand-in
Stand-in
ANIMATION
Prod illustrator
COLOR PERSONNEL
Col timer
Col by
SOURCES
LITERARY
Based on the play Love Field by Stephen Davis (1987, London).
AUTHOR
SONGS
“Blues In The Night,” written by Johnny Mercer & Harold Arlen, performed by Amy Weston and Sherilyn Fenn, produced by Barry Goldberg
“Day In, Day Out,” written by Johnny Mercer & Rube Bloom, performed by Patrick Jude, produced by Barry Goldberg
“It Had To Be You,” written by Gus Kahn & Isham Jones, performed by Sherilyn Fenn, produced by Barry Goldberg
+
SONGS
“Blues In The Night,” written by Johnny Mercer & Harold Arlen, performed by Amy Weston and Sherilyn Fenn, produced by Barry Goldberg
“Day In, Day Out,” written by Johnny Mercer & Rube Bloom, performed by Patrick Jude, produced by Barry Goldberg
“It Had To Be You,” written by Gus Kahn & Isham Jones, performed by Sherilyn Fenn, produced by Barry Goldberg
“We Need Country Music,” written by Warner Wilder, performed by Garland Frady, courtesy of GNP Crescendo Records
“Since I First Met You,” written H. B. Barnum, performed by The Robins
courtesy of GNP Crescendo Records
“A Little Minor Booze,” written by Willie Maiden, performed by Stan Kenton Orchestra, courtesy of GNP Crescendo Records
“Amazing Grace,” traditional, performed by Judy Collins, courtesy of Elektra Entertainment, by arrangement with Warner Special Products.
+
DETAILS
Release Date:
27 March 1992
Premiere Information:
New York, Los Angeles opening: 27 March 1992
Production Date:
May--July 1991 or June--August 1991
Copyright Claimant:
PolyGram Filmproduktion, G.m.b.H.
Copyright Date:
18 February 1992
Copyright Number:
PAu1606504
Physical Properties:
Sound
Dolby Stereo ® in Selected Theatres
Color
Lenses
Arriflex Cameras and Lenses provided by Otto Nemenz International, Inc.
Duration(in mins):
110
Length(in feet):
9,943
MPAA Rating:
R
Country:
United States
Language:
English
PCA No:
31663
SYNOPSIS

In 1962 Dallas, Texas, fifty-one-year-old aspiring mobster Jack Ruby operates the Carousel burlesque club, where he runs illegal drug shipments. Jack, who is Jewish, was once involved with organized crime in Chicago, Illinois, and dreams of getting back into the Mafia’s “big leagues.” In the meantime, he makes money on the side as a Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) informant, and supplies corrupt police officers with drugs. Late one night at a bus station coffee shop, Jack meets beautiful Sheryl Ann DuJean, who uses the name “Candy Cane” and has just arrived in Dallas after leaving her abusive husband. When Jack gives Candy a room above the Carousel, she asks for a job as an erotic dancer. He gives her a tryout performance on a night when many off-duty police officers are in the club. Officer J. D. Tippit is particularly impressed, and Candy gets the job. Mafioso Louie Vitali telephones to report that a top mobster named Action Jackson has been killed, leaving a place in the organization for Jack if he completes Jackson’s assignment. Vitale sends Jack and Candy to Cuba, where they meet with Santos Alicante, a mob casino owner who has been imprisoned since Fidel Castro took over the country in 1959. Vitale gives Jack a handheld, eight-millimeter camera with a gun hidden inside and instructs him to kill Alicante. Knowing the assassination will prompt violent retaliation, Jack shoots Vitale instead. He bribes the prison guards, and smuggles Alicante back to the U.S. with an illegal drug shipment. In Dallas, when Candy’s husband, Hank, finds her dancing at the club and slaps her around, Jack mercilessly beats him. A Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) agent named ... +


In 1962 Dallas, Texas, fifty-one-year-old aspiring mobster Jack Ruby operates the Carousel burlesque club, where he runs illegal drug shipments. Jack, who is Jewish, was once involved with organized crime in Chicago, Illinois, and dreams of getting back into the Mafia’s “big leagues.” In the meantime, he makes money on the side as a Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) informant, and supplies corrupt police officers with drugs. Late one night at a bus station coffee shop, Jack meets beautiful Sheryl Ann DuJean, who uses the name “Candy Cane” and has just arrived in Dallas after leaving her abusive husband. When Jack gives Candy a room above the Carousel, she asks for a job as an erotic dancer. He gives her a tryout performance on a night when many off-duty police officers are in the club. Officer J. D. Tippit is particularly impressed, and Candy gets the job. Mafioso Louie Vitali telephones to report that a top mobster named Action Jackson has been killed, leaving a place in the organization for Jack if he completes Jackson’s assignment. Vitale sends Jack and Candy to Cuba, where they meet with Santos Alicante, a mob casino owner who has been imprisoned since Fidel Castro took over the country in 1959. Vitale gives Jack a handheld, eight-millimeter camera with a gun hidden inside and instructs him to kill Alicante. Knowing the assassination will prompt violent retaliation, Jack shoots Vitale instead. He bribes the prison guards, and smuggles Alicante back to the U.S. with an illegal drug shipment. In Dallas, when Candy’s husband, Hank, finds her dancing at the club and slaps her around, Jack mercilessly beats him. A Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) agent named Maxwell visits the Carousel Club, telling Jack he knows he works as an FBI informant and that he killed Louie Vitale. Maxwell is disturbed that Alicante is back in the U.S., but suggests Jack can redeem himself by being a CIA informant. Jack takes Candy to Las Vegas, Nevada, for a meeting of the mob bosses at Santos Alicante’s new hotel, the Las Vegas Sun. David Ferrie positions Candy to meet President John F. Kennedy, who is staying at the hotel. Kennedy likes Candy and the two have sex. The mob bosses are upset that Kennedy has gotten tough on organized crime, even though they helped get him into office. The mob bosses also want Jack to prove his worth by killing Fidel Castro. They suggest he smuggle poisoned cigars into Cuba and give them to the leader. Later, CIA agent Maxwell meets with Jack and gives him similar orders to kill Castro. The next day, Candy tells Jack she has been offered a chance to sing in top nightclubs, and leaves with Santos Alicante and David Ferrie. Back in Dallas, Jack contacts a friend, Lenny Doyle, for advice about how to assassinate Castro. Doyle warns that Jack will get caught if he tries to do it alone, but if he uses several marksmen with high-powered rifles, he can set up another person as the patsy. Jack’s FBI contact, Proby, informs him of a meeting of the major mob bosses at the new Embassy Club in Dallas. There, Jack learns the mob intends to move into town, but will use the Embassy Club as their base of operations rather than his Carousel Club. The mob and the CIA are no longer interested in Cuba, so Jack is not needed to kill Castro and loses his chance at getting back into the “big leagues.” Candy returns to Dallas from Washington, D.C., upset that the mob was using her to get close to President Kennedy. She reports that the gangsters intend to go after Kennedy. On the morning of 22 November 1963, President and Mrs. Jacqueline Kennedy fly to Dallas. Diego, a bartender at the Carousel Club recruited by David Ferrie, goes to the Texas School Book Depository, saying he is watching the president’s motorcade with his friend, Lee Harvey Oswald, who works there. Meanwhile, Jack visits the offices of the Dallas Morning News to place an advertisement for Candy singing at his club. Candy is waiting for the motorcade in Dealey Plaza as several snipers take position on a grassy knoll. Diego and Oswald watch from the sixth floor of the nearby book depository. When the motorcade comes into the plaza, Diego and the grassy knoll gunmen fire at President Kennedy. Later that day, police arrest Lee Harvey Oswald. At the Carousel Club, Candy faints, scared the mob will come after her because of what she knows. David Ferrie comes to the club, and admits that he befriended Lee Harvey Oswald almost a decade earlier and has been carefully shaping his mind since then. Ferrie insults Jack Ruby and suggests he forget everything he has seen and heard in recent months, but Jack vows to reveal the conspiracy. On television, Oswald insists he is an innocent “patsy.” On Sunday, 24 November 1963, as police transfer Oswald from the Dallas County Jail, Jack slips into the basement and shoots him in the stomach, killing him. At his trial, Jack refuses his lawyer’s advice to plead insanity. He claims he cannot talk freely because the jail is wiretapped, but wants to meet with officials in Washington. His request is denied. Although many in Dallas believe Jack is a hero, the jury finds him guilty of killing Oswald and recommends the death penalty. While Jack awaits his appeal, Candy visits him. He advises her to move away, change her name, and break any connection she has to him. Over time, Jack believes the injections he gets from prison doctors to calm his nerves are part of a conspiracy to kill him. +

Legend
Viewed by AFI
Partially Viewed
Offscreen Credit
Name Occurs Before Title
AFI Life Achievement Award

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The American Film Institute is grateful to Sir Paul Getty KBE and the Sir Paul Getty KBE Estate for their dedication to the art of the moving image and their support for the AFI Catalog of Feature Films and without whose support AFI would not have been able to achieve this historical landmark in this epic scholarly endeavor.