Caravan (1934)

98 or 101-102 mins | Drama | 5 October 1934

Director:

Erik Charell

Cinematographers:

Theodor Sparkuhl, Ernest Palmer

Editor:

Robert Bischoff

Production Designers:

William Darling, Ernst Stern

Production Company:

Fox Film Corp.
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HISTORY

Fox also produced a French-language version of this film, Caravane . The working titles of the English version film were Gypsy Melody , which was the translated title of Melchior Lengyel's original story, and By Royal Command . According to information in the legal records, Lengyel's story was originally written in Hungarian and then was translated into German. Although the French onscreen credits and early billing sheets for the English language version calls Lengyel's work a novel, information in the legal records confirms that the work was an original story, which had never been published nor copyrighted. Both Erika Gathmann and Hans Kraly translated Liebmann's continuity into English from its original German, but only Kraly's translation was used for the film. Jeannette Marchal translated the English screenplay into French for the French version of the film. Oscar Sheridan contributed original "sketches" for tests, but it is not known if any of his material was used in the final film. Edgar Kennedy was originally cast in the role of the "Administrator," and Lew Ayres was to play a role in the film, which was probably that of "Lieutenant von Tokay." According to HR , M-G-M loaned Louise Fazenda for the film.
       This was the first American film of European producer-director Erik Charell. Modern sources state that because of the success of Charell's 1931 film for Ufa, Der Kongress Tanzt ( Congress Dances ) he was invited by Fox to make this film. Var noted that Caravan was made in "the European style of musical film producing....it is big, beautiful and boring." News items note that in addition to ... More Less

Fox also produced a French-language version of this film, Caravane . The working titles of the English version film were Gypsy Melody , which was the translated title of Melchior Lengyel's original story, and By Royal Command . According to information in the legal records, Lengyel's story was originally written in Hungarian and then was translated into German. Although the French onscreen credits and early billing sheets for the English language version calls Lengyel's work a novel, information in the legal records confirms that the work was an original story, which had never been published nor copyrighted. Both Erika Gathmann and Hans Kraly translated Liebmann's continuity into English from its original German, but only Kraly's translation was used for the film. Jeannette Marchal translated the English screenplay into French for the French version of the film. Oscar Sheridan contributed original "sketches" for tests, but it is not known if any of his material was used in the final film. Edgar Kennedy was originally cast in the role of the "Administrator," and Lew Ayres was to play a role in the film, which was probably that of "Lieutenant von Tokay." According to HR , M-G-M loaned Louise Fazenda for the film.
       This was the first American film of European producer-director Erik Charell. Modern sources state that because of the success of Charell's 1931 film for Ufa, Der Kongress Tanzt ( Congress Dances ) he was invited by Fox to make this film. Var noted that Caravan was made in "the European style of musical film producing....it is big, beautiful and boring." News items note that in addition to Charell, a number of the people involved in the production were European, including Charles Boyer, Robert Liebmann, art director Ernst Stern and composer Werner Richard Heymann. According to a HR news item, at the beginning of production, Fox decided to make the film a "super-special" budgeted at over a million dollars, and DV reported that 3,000 extras would be used in the production.
       Modern sources note that the film was a failure and that afterward, Charell's film career virtually ended. According to modern sources, Charles Boyer met and married Pat Paterson, an up-and-coming Fox star, while waiting for production of this film to begin. Modern sources also state that scenes in the film were shot in the California and New Mexico deserts. More Less

BIBLIOGRAPHIC SOURCES
SOURCE
DATE
PAGE
Box Office
1-Sep-34
---
Daily Variety
16 Mar 34
p. 4.
Daily Variety
29 Mar 34
p. 4.
Daily Variety
19 Apr 34
p. 4.
Daily Variety
8 May 34
p. 8.
Daily Variety
2 Aug 34
p. 3.
Film Daily
28 Sep 34
p. 10.
Harrison's Reports
22 Sep 34
p. 151.
HF
21 Apr 34
p. 7.
HF
16 Jun 34
p. 8.
Hollywood Reporter
23 Jan 34
p. 3.
Hollywood Reporter
20 Apr 34
p. 12.
Hollywood Reporter
24 Apr 34
p. 1.
Hollywood Reporter
14 Jun 34
p. 4.
Hollywood Reporter
3 Aug 34
p. 3.
International Photographer
1 Jun 34
p. 21.
Motion Picture Daily
27 Aug 34
p. 6.
Motion Picture Herald
8 Sep 34
p. 34.
New York Times
28 Sep 34
p. 27.
Variety
2 Oct 34
p. 37.
CAST
PRODUCTION CREDITS
NAME
PARENT COMPANY
PRODUCTION COMPANY
PRODUCTION TEXT
Erik Charell Production
DISTRIBUTION COMPANY
NAME
CREDITED AS
CREDIT
DIRECTORS
Asst dir
PRODUCER
Exec prod
WRITERS
Scr and dial
Contr to dial
Contr on spec seq
Contr on spec seq
Contr wrt
PHOTOGRAPHY
Photog
Cam op
Cam op
Asst cam
Asst cam
ART DIRECTORS
Art dir
Art dir
FILM EDITOR
Film ed
COSTUMES
DANCE
Originated and outlined folk dance seq
PRODUCTION MISC
Unit mgr
Still photog
SOURCES
SONGS
"The Sweetest Things in Life (Wine Song)," "Ha-Cha-Cha" and "Happy, I Am Happy," music by Werner Richard Heymann, lyrics by Gus Kahn
"Gypsy Song," music and lyrics by Werner Richard Heymann.
DETAILS
Alternate Titles:
By Royal Command
Caravane
Gypsy Melody
Release Date:
5 October 1934
Premiere Information:
New York opening: week of 27 September 1934
Production Date:
19 April--mid June 1934
Copyright Claimant:
Fox Film Corp
Copyright Date:
5 October 1934
Copyright Number:
LP5088
Physical Properties:
Sound
Western Electric Noiseless Recording
Black and White
Duration(in mins):
98 or 101-102
Length(in feet):
9,173
Length(in reels):
11
Country:
United States
SYNOPSIS

When the wine harvest season arrives in the Tokay region of Hungary, the administrator of the Chateau Tokay contracts with the gypsy chief to employ gypsies for three days. Because the quality of the wine depends on the music played during the harvest, the most important part of the contract instructs Lazi, the blasé gypsy violinist, to compose a new song. Lazi finds the inspiration for his song during an embrace with Tinka, a gypsy girl who loves him but towards whom he has grown somewhat ambivalent. That day marks the return to the chateau of Countess Wilma after fourteen years abroad. Wilma, who expects to become the mistress of the estate when she turns twenty-one the next day, is incensed to learn from the executor of her father's will, her uncle, Baron von Tokay, that she must be married by her twenty-first birthday in order to inherit the estate. The baron desires her to marry his son, Lieutenant von Tokay, who has reluctantly left his friends and consorts in Budapest and is expected to arrive that day. Wilma, however, refuses to comply with the baron's wishes and, hearing Lazi's song, proposes to him. Struck by her beauty, Lazi consents. When the aristocratic guests, disgraced by Lazi's presence, leave the chateau, Wilma opens the house to the gypsies. Although she resists Lazi's attempts to kiss her, she goes with Lazi to an inn, where, dressed as a gypsy, she declares that the "countess" is dead. Lieutenant von Tokay arrives at the inn and, thinking that Wilma is a gypsy, flirts with her. Seeing their mutual interest, Lazi takes Wilma back to the estate, ... +


When the wine harvest season arrives in the Tokay region of Hungary, the administrator of the Chateau Tokay contracts with the gypsy chief to employ gypsies for three days. Because the quality of the wine depends on the music played during the harvest, the most important part of the contract instructs Lazi, the blasé gypsy violinist, to compose a new song. Lazi finds the inspiration for his song during an embrace with Tinka, a gypsy girl who loves him but towards whom he has grown somewhat ambivalent. That day marks the return to the chateau of Countess Wilma after fourteen years abroad. Wilma, who expects to become the mistress of the estate when she turns twenty-one the next day, is incensed to learn from the executor of her father's will, her uncle, Baron von Tokay, that she must be married by her twenty-first birthday in order to inherit the estate. The baron desires her to marry his son, Lieutenant von Tokay, who has reluctantly left his friends and consorts in Budapest and is expected to arrive that day. Wilma, however, refuses to comply with the baron's wishes and, hearing Lazi's song, proposes to him. Struck by her beauty, Lazi consents. When the aristocratic guests, disgraced by Lazi's presence, leave the chateau, Wilma opens the house to the gypsies. Although she resists Lazi's attempts to kiss her, she goes with Lazi to an inn, where, dressed as a gypsy, she declares that the "countess" is dead. Lieutenant von Tokay arrives at the inn and, thinking that Wilma is a gypsy, flirts with her. Seeing their mutual interest, Lazi takes Wilma back to the estate, where the gypsies are still celebrating. The lieutenant follows and, after dancing with Wilma, confesses his love; however, when he explains that he is supposed to marry the countess and suggests that Wilma have a clandestine affair with him, she slaps him. At the baron's request, troops arrive to disperse the gypsies, and the lieutenant rides off with Wilma. She allows him to kiss her, but then steals his horse and leaves him stranded. The lieutenant wanders into the gypsy camp, where he finds Tinka crying over her loss of Lazi. He suggests that they try to forget their suffering together, but their attempt at love fails, and the lieutenant discovers that he only wants Wilma. At the estate, when he learns Wilma's true identity, the lieutenant rails at her for marrying a gypsy in order to keep control of her land. Lazi rescues Wilma from a knife attack by the jealous Tinka and then spends the wedding night alone because of a family tradition. Lazi overhears Wilma tell a priest of her unhappiness, and when the priest suggests that Lazi, being a gypsy, would accept one hundred pengö for an annulment, Lazi indignantly tells Wilma that there is not enough money to pay for his love and gives her her freedom for nothing. However, he orders the gypsies to stop playing his music and urges them to steal from the chateau before they leave. Wilma prepares to depart until an innkeeper tells her that the townspeople, fearing a failure of the wine harvest, feel that only she can keep the gypsies from leaving. She then rides out to Lazi and convinces him to play his song so that the harvest can continue. After she and Lazi amicably say goodbye, she discovers that the lieutenant, who learned from Lazi of his break up with Wilma, has taken the reins of her carriage. He and Wilma sing Lazi's song as they happily ride back to the estate. The gypsies also sing as they work, while Lazi gives Trina a necklace that he stole from Wilma, and they embrace in their wagon as they ride off. +

Legend
Viewed by AFI
Partially Viewed
Offscreen Credit
Name Occurs Before Title
AFI Life Achievement Award

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