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HISTORY

The following written prologue appears in the onscreen credits: "The picture you are about to see is based on an actual event which occurred in a prison in the American southwest some time ago. Since that time, the treatment of prisoners and the choice, selection and training of prison guards and prison personnel has improved enormously through the more humane methods of modern scientific penology. The characters in the film, however, are fictitious and are not to be considered as typical of either the American penal system or the people who carry it out."
       John Wexley’s play was an early, critical success for actor Spencer Tracy, who starred as "Killer Mears" on Broadway. Clark Gable garnered attention from Hollywood film studios when he starred as Mears in the Los Angeles run of the play. In 1932 K. B. S. Film Co. produced a film version of the play, starring Preston Foster and directed by Sam Bischoff (see AFI Catalog of Feature Films, 1931-40 ). An Aug 1955 DV item indicated that Richard Conte was offered the starring role in the production planned by R. S. Productions, Inc. The item incorrectly stated that Tracy starred in the 1932 film version. A Sep 1958 HR item indicated that the film, which did not go into production until 1958, was shot on location in New York.
       According to a Mar 1959 DV article, Wexley sued United Artists, Fox West Coast and R. S. Productions for $150,000 in damages for omitting his screen credit. Wexley’s name did not appear in the print viewed and the outcome of ... More Less

The following written prologue appears in the onscreen credits: "The picture you are about to see is based on an actual event which occurred in a prison in the American southwest some time ago. Since that time, the treatment of prisoners and the choice, selection and training of prison guards and prison personnel has improved enormously through the more humane methods of modern scientific penology. The characters in the film, however, are fictitious and are not to be considered as typical of either the American penal system or the people who carry it out."
       John Wexley’s play was an early, critical success for actor Spencer Tracy, who starred as "Killer Mears" on Broadway. Clark Gable garnered attention from Hollywood film studios when he starred as Mears in the Los Angeles run of the play. In 1932 K. B. S. Film Co. produced a film version of the play, starring Preston Foster and directed by Sam Bischoff (see AFI Catalog of Feature Films, 1931-40 ). An Aug 1955 DV item indicated that Richard Conte was offered the starring role in the production planned by R. S. Productions, Inc. The item incorrectly stated that Tracy starred in the 1932 film version. A Sep 1958 HR item indicated that the film, which did not go into production until 1958, was shot on location in New York.
       According to a Mar 1959 DV article, Wexley sued United Artists, Fox West Coast and R. S. Productions for $150,000 in damages for omitting his screen credit. Wexley’s name did not appear in the print viewed and the outcome of the suit has not been determined. More Less

GEOGRAPHIC LOCATIONS
SOURCE CITATIONS
SOURCE
DATE
PAGE
Box Office
19 Jan 1959.
---
Daily Variety
18 Aug 1955.
---
Daily Variety
14 Jan 59
p. 3.
Daily Variety
20 Mar 1959.
---
Film Daily
14 Jan 59
p. 6.
Hollywood Reporter
9 Sep 1958
p. 4.
Hollywood Reporter
19 Sep 1958
p. 11.
Hollywood Reporter
3 Oct 1958
p. 11.
Hollywood Reporter
26 Dec 1958
p. 3.
Hollywood Reporter
14 Jan 59
p. 3.
Los Angeles Examiner
21 Apr 1958.
---
Motion Picture Herald Product Digest
17 Jan 59
p. 116.
New York Times
19 Feb 59
p. 27.
Variety
14 Jan 59
p. 16.
CAST
PRODUCTION CREDITS
NAME
PARENT COMPANY
DISTRIBUTION COMPANY
NAME
CREDITED AS
CREDIT
DIRECTORS
Asst dir
PRODUCERS
Assoc prod
Assoc prod
PHOTOGRAPHY
Dir of photog
Operating cam
Chief elec
Asst elec
Key grip
ART DIRECTORS
Scenic des
Scenic artist
FILM EDITORS
Film ed
Film ed
SET DECORATORS
Prop master
Const foreman
COSTUMES
Cost des
MUSIC
Mus comp and cond
VISUAL EFFECTS
Spec eff
Spec eff
Spec photog eff
Spec photog eff
MAKEUP
Makeup
SOURCES
LITERARY
Based on the play The Last Mile by John Wexley (New York, 13 Feb 1930).
AUTHOR
DETAILS
Release Date:
January 1959
Premiere Information:
World premiere in Detroit, MI: 21 January 1959
Production Date:
15 September--early October 1958
Copyright Claimant:
R. S. Productions, Inc.
Copyright Date:
21 January 1959
Copyright Number:
LP12827
Physical Properties:
Sound
RCA Sound System
Black and White
Duration(in mins):
81
Country:
United States
Language:
English
PCA No:
19191
Passed by NBR:
No
SYNOPSIS

At a state prison in the 1930s, convicted murderer Richard Walters is transferred to the death house where he joins seven other prisoners: Ed Werner in cell one, Jimmy Martin in cell two, John Mears in cell three, Fred Mayor in cell five, Vince Jackson in cell six, Red Kirby in cell seven and Tom D’Amoro in cell eight. Walters is placed in cell four, next to Mears, who bitterly resents the nickname “Killer” given to him by the press and with which the guards goad him constantly. The prisoners’ anxiety over Martin’s execution that night is heightened by the disturbing poetry recited by the unbalanced Werner. The guards, led by Officer Drake, incite the prisoners, especially Mears, by mocking Martin’s coming death. Despite the high emotions running throughout the block, when Father O’Connors arrives to pray with Martin, the prisoners fall silent. Although Martin must be pulled from his cell toward the death chamber, the guards allow him to say goodbye to each of the other men. When the chamber door sticks briefly, Martin cheers the prisoners by making a wisecrack and then walking into the chamber unaided. A day or two later, Pete Rodriguez is placed in cell two. While the prisoners restlessly pass the time in various ways, Walters laments to Mears about not hearing news from his mother regarding a request for a stay despite his execution being only five days away. When some of the other men discuss Martin’s courage, Mears angrily scoffs that no one is brave when faced with death. On the day of Walters’ execution, Drake delivers a telegram from ... +


At a state prison in the 1930s, convicted murderer Richard Walters is transferred to the death house where he joins seven other prisoners: Ed Werner in cell one, Jimmy Martin in cell two, John Mears in cell three, Fred Mayor in cell five, Vince Jackson in cell six, Red Kirby in cell seven and Tom D’Amoro in cell eight. Walters is placed in cell four, next to Mears, who bitterly resents the nickname “Killer” given to him by the press and with which the guards goad him constantly. The prisoners’ anxiety over Martin’s execution that night is heightened by the disturbing poetry recited by the unbalanced Werner. The guards, led by Officer Drake, incite the prisoners, especially Mears, by mocking Martin’s coming death. Despite the high emotions running throughout the block, when Father O’Connors arrives to pray with Martin, the prisoners fall silent. Although Martin must be pulled from his cell toward the death chamber, the guards allow him to say goodbye to each of the other men. When the chamber door sticks briefly, Martin cheers the prisoners by making a wisecrack and then walking into the chamber unaided. A day or two later, Pete Rodriguez is placed in cell two. While the prisoners restlessly pass the time in various ways, Walters laments to Mears about not hearing news from his mother regarding a request for a stay despite his execution being only five days away. When some of the other men discuss Martin’s courage, Mears angrily scoffs that no one is brave when faced with death. On the day of Walters’ execution, Drake delivers a telegram from a reporter requesting permission to view Walters’ death. Furious, Walters refuses, only to have Drake coldly reveal that he has learned from the warden’s office that Walters’ stay has been denied. Later that evening, Warden Stanley F. Stone is informed that Walters has requested his final meal. Stone then sends the official copy of the death warrant to the death house principal keeper, his brother-in-law, Pat Callahan. In the cells, Walters' leg is shaved where the electrodes will be placed and Drake cruelly taunts him, revealing he will not shave his head in order to make the killing as difficult as possible. Callahan then arrives to read the death warrant and when the prisoners protest, he insists he is fulfilling the rules. Walters asks to be allowed to write his mother and girl friend and the guards purposely take their time locating pencil and paper. Walters then receives his final meal of steak and potatoes, but becomes sick after one mouthful. O’Connors visits Walters and afterward, Mears scoffs at the priest’s declaration of faith and promises of an afterlife. Drake then prepares to write down Walters’ letter to his mother, but when the guard grows sarcastic, Mears explodes in a fury and grabs Drake through the bars, strangling him until he passes out. Taking Drake’s keys, Mears frees himself and all the other prisoners except Werner, who cowers in fear. Mears declares his intention to break out, but when Kirby, who has recently received a thirty-day stay, hesitates, Mears threatens him. Using their stools as weapons, the prisoners rush the guard room, but before they can overpower the guards, Jackson is shot and killed. Mears takes the guards’ weapons, then locks the guards and O’Connors in a cell before calling Stone on a speaker phone to demand a car for his escape. To prove his determination, Mears shoots Drake and dumps his body into the courtyard for Stone to see. Stone orders the guard house men to open fire on the death house and a fierce gun battle breaks out. When an abrupt silence descends, Mears peeks out a window and, spotting guards approaching with gas bombs, opens fire, killing several. When Kirby suggests threatening to kill the remaining guards unless Stone accedes to his demands, Mears agrees, but the police continue firing relentlessly into the death house. One guard, Peddie, is killed as well as prisoners Mayor and Rodriguez. During a pause in the gunfire, Mears menaces the remaining guards and the younger Harris pleads for his life, asking Mears to take the oldest officer, O’Flaherty. Mears sends O’Flaherty into the courtyard with a message for Stone that he will kill eash hostage, starting with Stone’s brother-in-law, until his demands are met. Stone steadfastly refuses Mears’s ultimatum, believing if he gives in it will ruin not only his reputation but also that of the prison. When Mears calls Stone and prompts Callahan to beg for his life, Stone cuts off the speaker. Mears coldly begins reading Walters' death warrant out to Callahan before shooting him. While Stone plans to have gas grenades fired into the death house, Walters balks when Mears next threatens O’Connors. Mears tells Stone of his intention to kill the priest, but the warden refuses to listen. Walters intervenes when Mears turns on O’Connors, but while the men are fighting, Walters is shot by a burst of fire from outside. Moments later, the cells are shattered by a grenade explosion. Seriously wounded, Walters pleads with Mears not to let the police patch him up just to complete the execution and, to O’Connors' horror, Mears shoots Walters. The remaining prisoners, Kirby and D’Amoro, tell Mears they have run out of ammunition. Uncharacteristically distressed by having to kill Walters, Mears declares his need to get outside and, dropping his weapon, goes into the courtyard where he is shot to death. +

Legend
Viewed by AFI
Partially Viewed
Offscreen Credit
Name Occurs Before Title
AFI Life Achievement Award

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