The Jayhawkers! (1959)

100 mins | Western | October 1959

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HISTORY

This film was very loosely based on the exploits of the "Jayhawkers," the name given to various groups based in Kansas before the Civil War. While some of the groups were abolitionists, others, under the guise of abolition, were bandits who raided their opponents in Kansas and neighboring states. Contemporary reviews noted that the film was filled with historical inaccuracies, and the HR critic commented: "The reason, in this case, for pointing out historical inaccuracies is not to strike a blow for pedantry but to emphasize that almost any valid tale of the Border War would have been better entertainment."
       Jeff Chandler was borrowed from Universal-International for the production, which, according to contemporary news items, was partially shot on location at the Janss Ranch in Conejo, CA. HR news items added the following actors to the cast, although their appearance in the completed picture has not been confirmed: Clyde Howdy, Jimmy Casino, Beverly Englander, Abdel S. Moussa, Allan Douglas, Fenton Jones and Clark Allen. A Jan 1959 HR news item stated that Jamie and Dana Chandler, the children of Jeff Chandler, and producer Norman Panama's daughter Kathleen had been cast in the picture, but their appearance in the completed film also has not been ... More Less

This film was very loosely based on the exploits of the "Jayhawkers," the name given to various groups based in Kansas before the Civil War. While some of the groups were abolitionists, others, under the guise of abolition, were bandits who raided their opponents in Kansas and neighboring states. Contemporary reviews noted that the film was filled with historical inaccuracies, and the HR critic commented: "The reason, in this case, for pointing out historical inaccuracies is not to strike a blow for pedantry but to emphasize that almost any valid tale of the Border War would have been better entertainment."
       Jeff Chandler was borrowed from Universal-International for the production, which, according to contemporary news items, was partially shot on location at the Janss Ranch in Conejo, CA. HR news items added the following actors to the cast, although their appearance in the completed picture has not been confirmed: Clyde Howdy, Jimmy Casino, Beverly Englander, Abdel S. Moussa, Allan Douglas, Fenton Jones and Clark Allen. A Jan 1959 HR news item stated that Jamie and Dana Chandler, the children of Jeff Chandler, and producer Norman Panama's daughter Kathleen had been cast in the picture, but their appearance in the completed film also has not been confirmed. More Less

GEOGRAPHIC LOCATIONS
SOURCE CITATIONS
SOURCE
DATE
PAGE
Box Office
19 Oct 1959.
---
Daily Variety
21 Oct 1958.
---
Daily Variety
10 Dec 1958.
---
Daily Variety
15 Oct 59
p. 3.
Film Daily
15 Oct 59
p. 6.
Filmfacts
1959
p. 263.
Harrison's Reports
17 Oct 59
p. 166.
Hollywood Reporter
10 Dec 58
p. 3.
Hollywood Reporter
12 Dec 58
p. 12.
Hollywood Reporter
19 Dec 1958
p. 19.
Hollywood Reporter
6 Jan 1959
p. 3.
Hollywood Reporter
19 Jan 1959
p. 4.
Hollywood Reporter
26 Jan 1959
p. 4.
Hollywood Reporter
30 Jan 59
p. 16.
Hollywood Reporter
5 Feb 1959
p. 14.
Hollywood Reporter
6 Feb 1959
p. 10.
Hollywood Reporter
20 Mar 1959
p. 6.
Hollywood Reporter
25 Mar 1959
p. 2.
Hollywood Reporter
15 Oct 59
p. 3.
Los Angeles Examiner
25 Jan 1959
Section 5, p. 8, 10.
Los Angeles Times
6 Jan 1959.
---
Motion Picture Daily
15 Sep 1959.
---
Motion Picture Herald Product Digest
17 Oct 59
p. 451.
The Exhibitor
21 Oct 59
p. 4646.
Variety
21 Oct 59
p. 6.
CAST
PRODUCTION CREDITS
NAME
PARENT COMPANY
PRODUCTION COMPANY
DISTRIBUTION COMPANY
NAME
CREDITED AS
CREDIT
DIRECTORS
2d unit dir
Asst dir
Asst dir
Asst dir
PRODUCERS
PHOTOGRAPHY
Dir of photog
2d unit photog
Asst cam
Cam op
Best boy
ART DIRECTORS
Art dir
Art dir
FILM EDITOR
SET DECORATORS
Set dec
Set dec
Props
Props
COSTUMES
Cost
MUSIC
VISUAL EFFECTS
Spec photog eff
MAKEUP
Makeup supv
Makeup
Makeup
Hair style supv
PRODUCTION MISC
Asst to the prod
Unit prod mgr
Scr supv
COLOR PERSONNEL
Technicolor col consultant
DETAILS
Release Date:
October 1959
Production Date:
10 December 1958--early February 1959
retakes late March 1959
Copyright Claimant:
Paramount Pictures Corp. and Parkwood Enterprises, Inc.
Copyright Date:
14 October 1959
Copyright Number:
LP14708
Physical Properties:
Sound
Westrex Recording System
Color
Technicolor
Widescreen/ratio
VistaVision Motion Picture High-Fidelity
Duration(in mins):
100
Country:
United States
Language:
English
PCA No:
19247
Passed by NBR:
No
SYNOPSIS

Just prior to the Civil War, Cam Bleeker breaks out of a Kansas Territorial prison because he cannot believe the news he has received telling him that his beloved wife is dead. After being injured during his escape, Cam arrives at his homestead in a state of delirium and is shocked to see that it is now inhabited by a French widow, Jeanne DuBois, and her two children, Paul and Marthe. The beautiful Jeanne tends his wounds and reluctantly shows him the grave of his wife. Her own husband, she explains, believed so strongly in freedom that he brought his family from France to the United States in order to help build the free, young nation. Shortly after they bought the Bleeker property, which had been seized by the government following Cam's imprisonment and Mrs. Bleeker's death, the Missouri Redlegs, a pro-slavery gang, raided the house and killed her husband. Now she hopes Cam will stay on to help her run the ranch, and after agreeing, Cam soon finds that he has become attached both to the children and to Jeanne. Before long, a posse arrives looking for Cam, and for the children's safety, he surrenders. He is brought before Governor William Clayton, who promises to return his freedom if he will find and capture Luke Darcy, the elusive leader of a powerful group of raiders called the Jayhawkers. Cam protests that he had led raiders of his own, an act that landed him in prison, merely to protect his home, and that he is unwilling to offer assistance either to the pro-slavery governor or his anti-slavery enemies. Clayton finally enlists Cam's ... +


Just prior to the Civil War, Cam Bleeker breaks out of a Kansas Territorial prison because he cannot believe the news he has received telling him that his beloved wife is dead. After being injured during his escape, Cam arrives at his homestead in a state of delirium and is shocked to see that it is now inhabited by a French widow, Jeanne DuBois, and her two children, Paul and Marthe. The beautiful Jeanne tends his wounds and reluctantly shows him the grave of his wife. Her own husband, she explains, believed so strongly in freedom that he brought his family from France to the United States in order to help build the free, young nation. Shortly after they bought the Bleeker property, which had been seized by the government following Cam's imprisonment and Mrs. Bleeker's death, the Missouri Redlegs, a pro-slavery gang, raided the house and killed her husband. Now she hopes Cam will stay on to help her run the ranch, and after agreeing, Cam soon finds that he has become attached both to the children and to Jeanne. Before long, a posse arrives looking for Cam, and for the children's safety, he surrenders. He is brought before Governor William Clayton, who promises to return his freedom if he will find and capture Luke Darcy, the elusive leader of a powerful group of raiders called the Jayhawkers. Cam protests that he had led raiders of his own, an act that landed him in prison, merely to protect his home, and that he is unwilling to offer assistance either to the pro-slavery governor or his anti-slavery enemies. Clayton finally enlists Cam's cooperation by revealing that Darcy, after capturing Cam's wife during a raid, made love to the woman then abandoned her, whereupon she became an alcoholic and a tramp. Poor and alone, she eventually died of pneumonia. Jeanne tells Cam that he has no right to seek revenge, but he leaves her and rides off in search of Darcy. Through one of his own former raiders, Cam soon locates the "backwoods Napoleon," who, although willing to kill any Jayhawker who violates his rules, is very charismatic and even impresses Cam. Cam, in turn, impresses Darcy, and soon the escaped prisoner becomes the gang leader's right-hand man. One evening, Darcy admits that he had indeed loved Cam's wife but that their love had been a mistake. Cam is moved by Darcy's truthfulness, and when the Jayhawkers attack the next town, he saves Darcy's life. During a visit to Jeanne, Cam declares that he has joined the Jayhawkers, infuriating the Frenchwoman, who in her homeland had seen "big men" make empty promises similar to Darcy's. Meanwhile, Lordan, a Jayhawker who despises Cam, secretly sends a posse after him, but Cam gets away. Furious, Darcy almost kills Lordan for his act of betrayal. During a raid, Marthe runs after Cam and is nearly trampled to death by the Jayhawkers' horses. Cam delivers the injured child to Jeanne, who, by screaming that he is a murderer, finally persuades Cam to abandon the Jayhawkers. Cam discovers that wealthy cattle owners from several states soon will descend on Abilene for a huge cattle sale. By convincing Darcy that a raid on a scheduled train will yield enough money to secure Kansas for the Jayhawkers, Cam persuades him to ambush the train. Unknown to Darcy, instead of a gold shipment, the train will carry Clayton's troops, and Darcy will be apprehended. Jeanne assists Cam with the plan, but Darcy's charm and gratitude make both her and Cam feel uneasy. Unknown to them, Lordan has discovered the plot and returned to Abilene with the news. At the last moment, Cam decides to warn Darcy about Clayton's impending attack, but Darcy, instead of fleeing from the approaching soldiers, angrily challenges Cam to a fight to the death. During the fight, Darcy gets Cam's gun, but Cam retrieves it. As Clayton's soldiers approach the saloon door and prepare to hang Darcy, Cam challenges his friend to a duel. Darcy draws his gun, but Cam fires first and Darcy dies, saved from a hanging death he considered hideous and undignified. The governor agrees to pardon Cam, and as Darcy's body is borne away, Cam takes Jeanne's hand and looks on with sorrow and respect. +

Legend
Viewed by AFI
Partially Viewed
Offscreen Credit
Name Occurs Before Title
AFI Life Achievement Award

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The American Film Institute is grateful to Sir Paul Getty KBE and the Sir Paul Getty KBE Estate for their dedication to the art of the moving image and their support for the AFI Catalog of Feature Films and without whose support AFI would not have been able to achieve this historical landmark in this epic scholarly endeavor.