Before Night Falls (2001)

R | 133 mins | Biography | 26 January 2001

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HISTORY

The acting and crew credits for this film appear at the end of the picture, and the first time the actors are listed, without character names, Javier Bardem, Olivier Martinez and Andrea Di Stefano receive individual title cards. When the actors are credited with their characters names, they are listed in order of appearance. An end credit dedicates the picture to Lázaro Gómez Carriles, one of the picture's three screenwriters and Reinaldo Arenas’ longtime companion. The end credits are seen over footage from the 1960 short film entitled PM , written and directed by Orlando Jiménez Leal and Saba Cabrera, which was banned in Cuba in 1961. One of the end titles notes that archival footage was obtained courtesy of National Geographic Television; “The Other Cuba,” Orlando Leal; “Havana,” Zoila Estrada; Educational & Television Films, LTD; and Best Shot Stock Footage.
       Voice-over narration by Javier Bardem, as his character “Reinaldo Arenas,” is heard intermittently throughout the film. Some portions of Reinaldo’s narration, as well as some dialogue, is in Spanish, with English subtitles. Much of the narration is taken directly from Arenas’ posthumously published memoir Before Night Falls . As reported in interviews with director Julian Schnabel, the picture is also based on several of Arenas’ novels, including El mundo alucienante ( Hallucinations ), and poems, such as “The Parade Begins” and “The Parade Ends.” Portions of these works are directly quoted in the film, some in Spanish with English subtitles, and others in English. The sequence during which Arenas is interviewed in New York is based on an actual interview with Arenas conducted by Jana Bokova for her BBC television documentary Havana .
       ... More Less

The acting and crew credits for this film appear at the end of the picture, and the first time the actors are listed, without character names, Javier Bardem, Olivier Martinez and Andrea Di Stefano receive individual title cards. When the actors are credited with their characters names, they are listed in order of appearance. An end credit dedicates the picture to Lázaro Gómez Carriles, one of the picture's three screenwriters and Reinaldo Arenas’ longtime companion. The end credits are seen over footage from the 1960 short film entitled PM , written and directed by Orlando Jiménez Leal and Saba Cabrera, which was banned in Cuba in 1961. One of the end titles notes that archival footage was obtained courtesy of National Geographic Television; “The Other Cuba,” Orlando Leal; “Havana,” Zoila Estrada; Educational & Television Films, LTD; and Best Shot Stock Footage.
       Voice-over narration by Javier Bardem, as his character “Reinaldo Arenas,” is heard intermittently throughout the film. Some portions of Reinaldo’s narration, as well as some dialogue, is in Spanish, with English subtitles. Much of the narration is taken directly from Arenas’ posthumously published memoir Before Night Falls . As reported in interviews with director Julian Schnabel, the picture is also based on several of Arenas’ novels, including El mundo alucienante ( Hallucinations ), and poems, such as “The Parade Begins” and “The Parade Ends.” Portions of these works are directly quoted in the film, some in Spanish with English subtitles, and others in English. The sequence during which Arenas is interviewed in New York is based on an actual interview with Arenas conducted by Jana Bokova for her BBC television documentary Havana .
       As noted in the film, Cuban-born Arenas (1943--1990) was a gifted poet and novelist who spent most of his young adulthood in Havana. Only one of Arenas’ books, Celestina antes del alba ( Singing in the Well ), was published in Cuba during his lifetime; most of his manuscripts were smuggled out of the country and published abroad. When Hallucinations was published in France, as Le monde hallucinanat , it won a National Book Award for Best Foreign Novel of 1969. Persecuted in his native country both for his writing and his homosexuality, Arenas was arrested after being falsely accused of child molestation and imprisoned in El Morro Castle for several years. After his release, Arenas was forced to work in labor camps and kept under close surveillance by Fidel Castro’s government. In 1980, Arenas was among the thousands of Cubans permitted by Castro to immigrate to the United States. After briefly living in Miami, Arenas moved to New York, where, despite having contracted AIDS, he continued to write. In 1990, no longer able to work, Arenas committed suicide at the age of 47.
       According to a 19 Jan 2001 Entertainment Weekly article, Schnabel first asked Benicio Del Toro to play Arenas, and cast Spanish actor Javier Bardem as Lázaro Gómez Carriles. After Del Toro turned down the part of Arenas, Schnabel asked Bardem to take the role. Bardem initially refused because he did not speak English and was wary of Arenas’s anti-Communist politics, according to a 15 Jan 2001 Var article. Bardem did accept the part, however, after intensive English lessons, reading Arenas’ books and studying life in Cuba. Bardem not only had to learn English but how to speak Spanish with a Cuban accent. As noted in several reviews, Bardem bears a striking resemblance to Arenas. Olatz Lopez Garmendia, who plays Reinaldo’s mother, is Schnabel’s wife, and Vito Maria Schnabel, who plays Reinaldo as a teenager, is their son.
       According to a 13 Jun 2001 Time Out article, Schnabel invested $8,000,000 of his own money in the production. The picture was filmed on location in Veracruz and Mérida, Mexico and New York City over a period of approximately 60 days in the fall of 1999. According to the film’s official website, scenes set at the notorious El Morro Castle, a 17th century Spanish colonial fortress that was used as a prison in Cuba before being turned into a tourist attraction, were shot at Mexico’s San Juan de Ulúa, another Spanish fortress later used as a prison.
       Bardem was chosen as the best actor of 2000 by the National Board of Review and the National Society of Film Critics. He also received Golden Globe and Academy Award nominations for Best Actor. Before Night Falls won the Grand Jury Prize at the International Venice Film Festival and was nominated for several other awards, including the Independent Spirit Awards for Best Feature. Additionally, the film was selected as one of AFI's top ten films of the year. More Less

SOURCE CITATIONS
SOURCE
DATE
PAGE
Daily Variety
5 Sep 2000
p. 14, 21.
Daily Variety
19 Jan 2001.
---
Entertainment Weekly
29 Sep 2000
pp. 12-14.
Entertainment Weekly
12 Jan 2001
p. 56.
Entertainment Weekly
19 Jan 2001
pp. 44-47.
GQ
Jan 2001
p. 38.
Hollywood Reporter
5 Sep 2000
p. 6, 102.
Hollywood Reporter
17 Oct 2000
p. 21, 80.
Hollywood Reporter
19 Dec 2000.
---
Hollywood Reporter
27 Feb 2001.
---
Los Angeles Times
17 Dec 2000.
---
Los Angeles Times
22 Dec 2000.
---
New York Times
6 Oct 2000.
---
New York Times
5 Nov 2000.
---
New Yorker
8 Jan 2001.
---
Newsweek
25 Dec 2000.
---
The Observer (London)
3 Jun 2001.
---
The Observer (London)
17 Jun 2001.
---
The Times (London)
7 Jun 2001.
---
Time
8 Jan 2001.
---
Time Out (London)
13 Jun 2001.
---
Variety
11 Sep 2000.
---
Variety
15 Jan 2001.
---
CAST
NAME
CREDITED AS
CREDIT
In order of appearance
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PRODUCTION CREDITS
NAME
PARENT COMPANY
PRODUCTION COMPANY
PRODUCTION TEXT
A Film by Julian Schnabel
NAME
CREDITED AS
CREDIT
DIRECTORS
Asst dir
Key 2d asst dir
Key 2d asst dir, New York
2d 2d asst dir
2d 2d asst dir
PRODUCERS
Pres
Exec prod
Prod
Assoc prod
PHOTOGRAPHY
Dir of photog
Dir of photog
Addl photog
Cam op, New York
1st asst cam, New York
2d asst cam/Steadicam op
2d asst cam, New York
Film loader
Loader, New York
Cam asst
Cam asst
Video assist op
Video assist op, New York
Asst video assist
Stills photog
Stills photog, New York
Addl still photog
Gaffer, New York
Best boy, New York
Asst elec
Company elec, New York
Company elec, New York
Company elec, New York
Company elec, New York
Company elec, New York
Key grip
Key grip, New York
2d grip, New York
Dolly grip, New York
Company grip
Company grip
Company grip
Company grip, New York
Company grip, New York
Company grip, New York
Company grip, New York
Company grip, New York
Company grip, New York
Company grip, New York
Company grip, New York
Generator op
Generator op
Generator op, New York
Cam crane
ART DIRECTORS
Prod des
Art dir, New York
Drafting
Const coord
Const coord, New York
Art dept coord
Asst art dept coord
Sculpture
Mural painter
Paint foreman
On set painter
Greens foreman
Art dept consultant
Const carpenter, New York
Const grip, New York
Const scenic, New York
FILM EDITORS
Post prod supv, New York
Assoc ed, New York
Asst ed, New York
SET DECORATORS
Set dec, New York
Asst to set dec
Asst to set dec
Asst set dec, New York
Leadman
Leadman, New York
On set dec
On set dresser
Set dresser
Prop master
Prop master, New York
Asst to prop master
Asst to prop master
2d prop, New York
Swing gang, New York
Swing gang, New York
Swing gang, New York
Swing gang, New York
Swing gang, New York
COSTUMES
Ward coordinator
Ward supv, New York
Ward supv, New York
Key ward asst
Key ward asst
Ward asst
Ward shopper/PA, New York
MUSIC
Mus comp
Addl mus
Addl mus
Mus supv
Mus ed, New York
Asst mus ed, New York
Mus scoring mixer
Mus contractor
Copyist
SOUND
Supv sd ed, New York
Sd mixer, New York
Boom op
Boom op, New York
Boom op, New York
Boom op, New York
Dial ed, New York
ADR ed, New York
ADR ed, New York
Foley ed, New York
Foley ed, New York
Asst sd ed, New York
Transfer asst, New York
Sd services provided by
Re-rec mixer, New York
Addl mixing, New York
Re-rec at
Dolby sd consultant
VISUAL EFFECTS
Spec eff asst
F/X ed, New York
Optical supv
Digital supv
Visual eff supv
Digital visual eff
Titles and opticals
Subtitles
DANCE
MAKEUP
Key makeup
Makeup artist, New York
Asst makeup
Key hair
Hairstylist
Hairdresser, New York
Asst makeup and hair
PRODUCTION MISC
Scr supv
Unit prod mgr
Unit prod mgr, New York
Prod supv
Loc mgr
Loc mgr, New York
Asst loc mgr
Asst loc mgr, New York
Loc asst, New York
Unit mgr, U.S.
Unit mgr, Mexico
Prod coord, Mexico
Prod coord, U.S.
Prod secy
Asst to Mr. Schnabel, New York
Asst to Mr. Schnabel, New York
Asst to Mr. Schnabel, Mexico
Prod asst
Prod asst
Prod asst
Prod asst
Prod asst
Casting dir, New York
Casting dir, Mexico
Casting dir, Mexico
Extras cast coordinator
Extras cast asst
Extras cast asst
Extras casting, New York
ANDA delegate
Picture cars coord
Picture cars asst
Picture cars asst
Picture cars asst
1st team coord, New York
Asst prod office coord, New York
Office prod asst, New York
Office prod asst, New York
Office prod asst, New York
Office prod asst, New York
Office prod asst, New York
Office prod asst, New York
Set prod asst, New York
Set prod asst, New York
Set prod asst, New York
Set prod asst, New York
Set prod asst, New York
Set prod asst, New York
Set prod asst, New York
Set prod asst, New York
Set prod asst, New York
Set prod asst, New York
Dailies adv
Prod accountant
Prod accountant, New York
1st asst accountant
1st asst accountant, New York
2d asst accountant
2d asst accountant, New York
Talent payments
Payroll, New York
Transportation capt
Transportation capt, New York
Transportation coord
Driver, New York
Driver, New York
Driver, New York
Driver, New York
Driver, New York
Driver, New York
Driver, New York
Driver, New York
Driver, New York
Driver, New York
Driver, New York
Driver, New York
Driver, New York
Driver, New York
Driver, New York
Driver, New York
Driver, New York
Driver, New York
Parking coord, New York
Parking asst, New York
Caterer
Catering, New York
Catering asst
Catering asst
Catering asst
Catering asst
Catering asst
Catering asst
Catering asst
Catering asst
Craft service, New York
Prod attorney, New York
Insurance services, New York
Insurance services, New York
Insurance services, New York
STAND INS
Stunts
Utility stand-in
Utility stand-in
COLOR PERSONNEL
Col timer
SOURCES
LITERARY
Based on the book Antes que anochezca ( Before Night Falls ) by Reinaldo Arenas (Barcelona, 1992).
MUSIC
“Aguirre, der zorn gottes (Lacrime di re)” written by Florian Fricke, performed by Popol Vuh, published by Edition Intro Meisel, courtesy of Gammarock Music
“Crisantemo” written by Ernesto Lecuona, performed by Ernesto Lecuona, published by Edward B Marks Music Company, courtesy of Hortensia Records
“Surrounding the Casbah” written by Ennio Morricone and Gillo Pontecorvo, performed by Ennio Morricone, published by C.A.M. S.r.l./BMG Courtesy of BMG Ricordi S.p.A.
+
MUSIC
“Aguirre, der zorn gottes (Lacrime di re)” written by Florian Fricke, performed by Popol Vuh, published by Edition Intro Meisel, courtesy of Gammarock Music
“Crisantemo” written by Ernesto Lecuona, performed by Ernesto Lecuona, published by Edward B Marks Music Company, courtesy of Hortensia Records
“Surrounding the Casbah” written by Ennio Morricone and Gillo Pontecorvo, performed by Ennio Morricone, published by C.A.M. S.r.l./BMG Courtesy of BMG Ricordi S.p.A.
“En el Olvido” written by Juan José Espinosa, published by Peer International Corp.
“Fefita,” by Gonzales Urfe, published by Termidor Music Publishers, Ltd.
“Mujer perjura” written by Antonio Escobar, published by Peer International Corp.
“Adagietto, sehr langsam” from Symphony No. 5 by Gustav Mahler, performed by Berliner Philaharmoniker, courtesy of Universal International Music, B.V. under license from Universal Music Enterprises.
+
SONGS
“El que siembra su maiz,” “Tu veras” and “El trio y el ciclon,” written by Miguel Matamoros, performed by Trio Matamoros, published by Peer International Corp., courtesy of Discos Revuelta SADECV
“El tumbaito,” written by Faustino Miro and José Delgado, performed by Guayabero, published by Peer International Corp., courtesy of Hortensia Records
“Ay mariposa,” written by Pedro Ferrez Valiente, performed by Pedro Ferrez Valiente, published by Termidor Music Publishers Ltd.
+
SONGS
“El que siembra su maiz,” “Tu veras” and “El trio y el ciclon,” written by Miguel Matamoros, performed by Trio Matamoros, published by Peer International Corp., courtesy of Discos Revuelta SADECV
“El tumbaito,” written by Faustino Miro and José Delgado, performed by Guayabero, published by Peer International Corp., courtesy of Hortensia Records
“Ay mariposa,” written by Pedro Ferrez Valiente, performed by Pedro Ferrez Valiente, published by Termidor Music Publishers Ltd.
“Baton Rouge,” written by Lou Reed, performed by Lou Reed, published by EMI Blackwood Music Inc./Lou Reed Music, courtesy of Reprise Records by arrangement with Warner Special Products
“Loop Vamp,” written by Laurie Anderson, performed by Laurie Anderson, published by Difficult Music, courtesy of Nonesuch Records by arrangement with Warner Special Products
“Los tamalitos de Olga,” written by José A. Fajardo, performed by Orquesta Aragon, published by Peer International Corp., courtesy of Discos Revuelta SADECV
“Descarga sonora,” written by Javier Vasquez, performed by Sonora Matancera, published by EMI Longitude Music, courtesy of Hortensia Records
“Por que me la dejaste querer?” written by Jacinto Villa Fernandez, performed by Bola de Nieve, courtesy of Discos Revuelta SADECV
“Duerme,” written by Miguel Prado and Gabriel Luna de la Fuente, performed by Bebo Valdez, published by Peer International Corp., courtesy of Hortensia Records
“Conoci La Paz,” written by Beny More, performed by Beny More, published by Peer International Corp., courtesy of Discos Revuelta SADECV
“Kamata Mariyam,” traditional, performed by Fairuz, published by Voix de L’Orient/A. Chamine & Fils, courtesy of Voix de L’Orient/A. Chamine & Fils
“El canonero,” written by E. Benitez, performed by Beny More, published by Termidor Music Publishing, Ltd., courtesy of Discos Revuelta SADECV.
+
DETAILS
Release Date:
26 January 2001
Premiere Information:
World premiere in Venice, Italy: 3 September 2000
New York Film Festival opening: 6 October 2000
Los Angeles opening: 22 December 2000
Production Date:
1999
Copyright Claimant:
El Mar Pictures, LLC
Copyright Date:
12 April 2001
Copyright Number:
PA0001312335
Physical Properties:
Sound
Dolby Digital in selected theatres
Color
Technicolor
Color
Motion picture negative by Eastman Kodak film
gauge
35mm
Widescreen/ratio
1.85:1
Lenses/Prints
Reverse processing by DuArt Film and Video
Duration(in mins):
133
MPAA Rating:
R
Country:
United States
Language:
English
PCA No:
37767
Passed by NBR:
No
SYNOPSIS

In 1943, three-month-old Reinaldo Arenas, abandoned by his father, is taken by his mother to her parents’ home in Cuba’s Oriente province. As a young boy, Reinaldo lives a life of “absolute poverty and freedom,” and develops a love of nature, especially the trees, which he believes have a secret life, and the rain, which envelops the countryside. One day, Reinaldo is approached by a handsome stranger, who gives him two pesos, and when his mother throws rocks at the man, Reinaldo deduces that he is his father. Reinaldo never sees his father again and continues living with his taciturn grandfather, powerful grandmother and unhappy aunts. At school, Reinaldo shows a great gift for poetry, and even carves poems into the trees on his family’s farm. When his teacher informs his grandfather of Reinaldo’s talents, the infuriated old man chops down one of Reinaldo’s trees and moves the family to the town of Holguín, where he opens a grocery store. In 1958, Reinaldo and his best friend Carlos decide to run away from home and join Fidel Castro’s guerrillas in their attempt to overthrow dictator Fulgencio Batista. Before they leave, Carlos dares Reinaldo have sex with prostitute Lolin, but only by thinking of Carlos is Reinaldo able to perform. Later that night, Reinaldo runs away, but Carlos is too afraid to join him. Alone, Reinaldo walks along a country road until the next day, when he is picked up by a peasant named Cuco Sanchez. When Reinaldo admits that he is going to Velasco to join the rebels, Sanchez tells him that the guerrillas are no longer there and orders him to return home. After Castro gains control of ... +


In 1943, three-month-old Reinaldo Arenas, abandoned by his father, is taken by his mother to her parents’ home in Cuba’s Oriente province. As a young boy, Reinaldo lives a life of “absolute poverty and freedom,” and develops a love of nature, especially the trees, which he believes have a secret life, and the rain, which envelops the countryside. One day, Reinaldo is approached by a handsome stranger, who gives him two pesos, and when his mother throws rocks at the man, Reinaldo deduces that he is his father. Reinaldo never sees his father again and continues living with his taciturn grandfather, powerful grandmother and unhappy aunts. At school, Reinaldo shows a great gift for poetry, and even carves poems into the trees on his family’s farm. When his teacher informs his grandfather of Reinaldo’s talents, the infuriated old man chops down one of Reinaldo’s trees and moves the family to the town of Holguín, where he opens a grocery store. In 1958, Reinaldo and his best friend Carlos decide to run away from home and join Fidel Castro’s guerrillas in their attempt to overthrow dictator Fulgencio Batista. Before they leave, Carlos dares Reinaldo have sex with prostitute Lolin, but only by thinking of Carlos is Reinaldo able to perform. Later that night, Reinaldo runs away, but Carlos is too afraid to join him. Alone, Reinaldo walks along a country road until the next day, when he is picked up by a peasant named Cuco Sanchez. When Reinaldo admits that he is going to Velasco to join the rebels, Sanchez tells him that the guerrillas are no longer there and orders him to return home. After Castro gains control of Cuba, the peasants believe that life will soon be better for everyone. By 1964, Reinaldo has moved to Havana and begun studying at a state-run college for agricultural accountants. Reinaldo has not forgotten his love of writing, however, and when he enters the National Library’s Young Writer’s Contest, a moving excerpt from his novel in progress convinces librarian María Teresa Freye de Andrade and influential writers Herbeto Zorilla Ochoa and Virgilio Piñera to hire him to work at the library. Reinaldo is thrilled to be surrounded by so many books, and one day after work, meets the charismatic Pepe Malas. Although Reinaldo is aware of his own homosexuality, he at first repulses the bisexual Pepe’s advances, but soon falls in love with him. Pepe finds Reinaldo an old typewriter and a small apartment, and Reinaldo devotes himself to finishing his first novel, Celestina antes del alba ( Singing from the Well ). Reinaldo submits his manuscript to the writers’ union contest, then spends an evening out with Pepe. Reinaldo is deeply hurt when Pepe ignores him to pursue a woman, and leaves to spend the night with another friend, Tomas Diego. Shortly after, Reinaldo is reading on a beach when he is approached by a swimmer, Lázaro Gómez Carriles, although the stunningly handsome young man violently rejects Reinaldo’s advances. Reinaldo is cheered, however, when his novel wins honorable mention in the contest, and he is introduced to renowned writer José Lezama Lima. Believing in Reinaldo’s talent, Piñera helps him to edit his book and soon it is published in Cuba to great acclaim. As the 1960s continue, Reinaldo and his friends, including the Abreu brothers, enjoy the sexual revolution that young people throughout Cuba are participating in despite the political repression of Castro’s government. Eventually Reinaldo and his friends begin to see sex as a weapon with which to fight the regime that persecutes homosexuals, artists and intellectuals, although not all of their compatriots can withstand the pressure. After Zorilla Ochoa is arrested and forced to make a televised confession, renouncing his friends and his writings, his wife commits suicide, and Reinaldo himself experiences more persecution. Lezama Lima arranges for Reinaldo to meet his friends, Jorge and Margarita Camacho, who are soon to return to France after visiting Cuba. The Camachos, fans of Reinaldo’s writing, agree to smuggle out his next book, El mundo alucinante ( Hallucinations ), which he has been unable to publish in Cuba. Later, on 26 October 1974, Reinaldo and Pepe lounge on the beach with two young men in their late teens, and after Pepe has a temper tantrum that distracts Reinaldo, the two youths steal Reinaldo’s swim fins. Reinaldo reports the theft and is horrified when the thieves accuse him of molesting them. Reinaldo is jailed but takes advantage of the loose security to slip out an unlocked door. He then attempts to swim to Florida in an inner tube, but fails, and slashes his wrists in a deserted beach house. After he recovers from his unsuccessful suicide attempt, Reinaldo hides in Havana’s Lenin Park, and is aided by his friend, Juan Abreu, who brings him food and money. Reinaldo is captured eventually and taken to the notorious El Morro Castle prison, where he is incarcerated not as a political prisoner but a suspected rapist, murderer and CIA agent. Reinaldo’s reputation as a writer spreads throughout the prison, however, and soon he amasses a fortune in cigarettes by writing letters for other inmates. Using his cigarettes to buy paper and pencils, Reinaldo completes another novel and befriends Bon Bon, a glamorous transvestite, who smuggles the manuscript out of the prison by hiding it in his rectum and passing it to visitors. Reinaldo’s scheme is uncovered, however, and he is punished by being held in a tiny, filthy cell without any contact. When he is dragged out, Reinaldo is taken to see Lt. Victor, and although Reinaldo distracts himself by fantasizing about the attractive officer, Victor terrorizes him into making a confession renouncing his former life. After his release, Reinaldo goes to live with Blanca Romero, a friend, and helps her to sell off the contents of a walled-up convent next to her apartment building. At Blanca’s, Reinaldo again meets Lázaro and the two become devoted friends. Some of Blanca’s compatriots scheme to escape Cuba in a hot-air balloon, but the balloon is stolen by Pepe, who dies when it crashes to the ground. Later, in 1980, after Lázaro is able to leave Cuba in an exodus of people claiming asylum at the Peruvian embassy, Reinaldo learns that Castro has agreed to let criminals, homosexuals and the mentally insane leave Cuba. Soon Reinaldo and Lázaro are reunited in New York, where they are overwhelmed with happiness at their freedom. Reinaldo continues to write but remains poor despite receiving critical acclaim, and when he falls ill with AIDS, cannot receive proper medical attention because he does not have insurance. Unable to continue working, Reinaldo decides to kill himself, and after telling Lázaro that he is the most “authentic” boy he has ever met, makes him promise that he will not awaken in a hospital. Lázaro reluctantly agrees, and after Reinaldo falls asleep from an overdose of pills, his loyal friend smothers him with a plastic bag. +

Legend
Viewed by AFI
Partially Viewed
Offscreen Credit
Name Occurs Before Title
AFI Life Achievement Award
The American Film Institute is grateful to Sir Paul Getty KBE and the Sir Paul Getty KBE Estate for their dedication to the art of the moving image and their support for the AFI Catalog of Feature Films and without whose support AFI would not have been able to achieve this historical landmark in this epic scholarly endeavor.