Happy Feet (2006)

PG | 100 or 108 mins | Children's works, Drama, Musical | 17 November 2006

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HISTORY

The film's credits state that it was dedicated to Nick Enright, Michael Jonson, Robby McNeilly Green and Steve Irwin. Many individuals are thanked throughout the closing credits, including the following: “Maxwells (Sydney) for the Nikon camera equipment, Optech Inc. (Toronto) for the Ilris-3D laser scanners; Special thanks to Lou Sanson and the many Antarctica New Zealand personnel who assisted the K310 project in Christchurch & at Scott Base.” After the list of Animal Logic studio credits is the written statement “In memory of Ivan Bastianich 1981—2005.” Voice-over narration is provided by Robin Williams throughout the film as “Lovelace,” but the character does not appear until about halfway through the picture, when the voice-over states that the audience has heard the voice and now will meet the character. “Norma Jean” is voiced by Nicole Kidman in a vocal approximation of Marilyn Monroe (whose real name was Norma Jean), while “Memphis,” voiced by Hugh Jackman, sounds like Elvis Presley and Roger Rose, as the leopard seal, imitates Arnold Schwarzenegger. Humans do not appear in the film until near the end, when the live-action human characters interact with the animated animals.
       Happy Feet faithfully illustrates the life of the emperor penguins, which live on the ice in Antarctica. Each has a distinctive call that distinguishes it from the rest of its flock. They breed during winter, after which the female leaves for the open sea and the male balances the egg on his feet and stands for over two months, protecting it. Over-fishing and global warming have endangered most of the penguin species, with the emperor penguin colonies declining by about fifty percent over the past fifty years, as ... More Less

The film's credits state that it was dedicated to Nick Enright, Michael Jonson, Robby McNeilly Green and Steve Irwin. Many individuals are thanked throughout the closing credits, including the following: “Maxwells (Sydney) for the Nikon camera equipment, Optech Inc. (Toronto) for the Ilris-3D laser scanners; Special thanks to Lou Sanson and the many Antarctica New Zealand personnel who assisted the K310 project in Christchurch & at Scott Base.” After the list of Animal Logic studio credits is the written statement “In memory of Ivan Bastianich 1981—2005.” Voice-over narration is provided by Robin Williams throughout the film as “Lovelace,” but the character does not appear until about halfway through the picture, when the voice-over states that the audience has heard the voice and now will meet the character. “Norma Jean” is voiced by Nicole Kidman in a vocal approximation of Marilyn Monroe (whose real name was Norma Jean), while “Memphis,” voiced by Hugh Jackman, sounds like Elvis Presley and Roger Rose, as the leopard seal, imitates Arnold Schwarzenegger. Humans do not appear in the film until near the end, when the live-action human characters interact with the animated animals.
       Happy Feet faithfully illustrates the life of the emperor penguins, which live on the ice in Antarctica. Each has a distinctive call that distinguishes it from the rest of its flock. They breed during winter, after which the female leaves for the open sea and the male balances the egg on his feet and stands for over two months, protecting it. Over-fishing and global warming have endangered most of the penguin species, with the emperor penguin colonies declining by about fifty percent over the past fifty years, as stated in modern sources. Emperor penguins were featured in a BBC/National Geographic documentary series entitled Life in the Freezer . As noted in press materials, the series, which ran from 18 Nov—23 Dec 1993, was an inspiration for Happy Feet .
       As reported in a Nov 2006 HR article on the making of the film, Australian producer-director-writer George Miller conceived of Happy Feet in 2001 and showed an early version of the screenplay to Warner Bros. president Alan Horn, who immediately offered to fund it. At that time, the film was planned as a mix of live-action and animation, but Miller later became enamored of the animated motion-capture process after visiting Weta Digital during production of the 2001 release The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring (see below). In addition, the film was not originally conceived of as a musical, but Miller decided on the musical genre after discovering that penguins attracted mates via personal songs.
       The HR article also noted that Miller’s production company, Kennedy Miller Productions, then painstakingly converted the Animal Logic special effects company into a fully functional animation studio, a two-year process. Miller stated in a Nov 2006 interview in Los Angeles City Beat that the production spanned almost four years, beginning with the two years spent building the studio and assembling the music, and the bulk of the animators starting work in the third year of production. In Apr 2003, Var reported that Warner Bros. and Village Roadshows Pictures were teaming to produce Happy Feet , with some crew members to be hired from Weta’s ranks.
       Miller strove for Happy Feet to achieve a new height of animation that he dubbed photo-realism, a term more commonly applied to paintings so highly realistic that they appear to be photographs. This involved the computerization of the Antarctic terrain as well as the anthropomorphizing of dancing penguins, attained through a process called motion capture. A 13 Nov 2006 LAT article reported that Miller originally planned to photograph live penguins in Antarctica and use the footage to animate the background penguins. However, Miller decided that the penguins were too unpredictable and the environment too delicate to disturb. Instead, crew members embarked on two research expeditions to the area, as explained in studio press materials and a 15 Nov 2006 LAT article, using digital gear to photograph the Antarctic sea, tundra, wildlife, skyline and light. One crew traveled by ship to see the icebergs while the other flew to the “deep ice” of the Ross Sea, and the images they captured were converted to data to map the textures, light and landscapes of the Antarctic in painstaking detail. The expeditions yielded over 80,000 images, used as reference materials for matte paintings and computer-generated imagery (CGI).
       The details of the state-of-the-art motion capture process were laid out in a 12 Nov 2006 article in LAT : Choreographer Kelley Abbey created a “penguin school” for sixteen dancers, including renowned tap dancer Savion Glover. The dancers were taught to approximate the range of a penguin, with short legs and flippers, and fused dance styles from Zulu to Irish to Navajo to hip-hop. Antarctic bird expert Gary Miller gave further lessons to the performers in how to walk and gesture like penguins, press notes relate.
       The motion capture process involved a performer donning a bodysuit with dozens of reflective sensors that then translated movement into light, which was captured on sixty cameras. The cameras then sent the data to a character model in a computer, allowing the animated character to be seen on a screen moving exactly like the performer. Glover’s tap-dancing was recorded with microphones placed under the floors, as noted in the Nov 2006 HR article. The LAT article added that “Mumble” was ultimately made up of Glover’s dance moves, Elijah Wood’s dialogue and performer Matt Lee’s facial expressions and gestures, as well as the work of dozens of technical artists and animators.
       Press notes stated that only a small number of human dancers were used to create the image of tens of thousands of penguins dancing. Abbey divided the dance floor into approximately fifty grids, each the size of a tennis court, and choreographed dancers in one grid at a time. Onscreen, the grids were combined to form one mass of penguins. A system dubbed “Horde” by Animal Logic technicians then took the information from each grid and randomized the movement within, creating the illusion that each penguin was dancing similar steps but with individualized style.
       In the Nov 2006 HR article, Miller asserted that he studied Walt Disney animated pictures with darker tones, such as Dumbo (1941, see above) and Pinocchio (1940, see below), to create Happy Feet ’s blend of drama and action. The film’s environmental themes were not a large element of the original screenplay, reported a Nov 2006 WSJ article, but Miller, concerned about the effects of global warming on his native Australia, added more “green” content. The article noted that the zoo scenes derived from a trip Miller took to the zoo with his children years earlier.
       The film features a style of music referred to as “mash-ups,” in which two or more songs are combined, often in a completely new style. The technique, stemming from the use of samples popularized in hip-hop music, was used extensively in the 2001 release Moulin Rouge! (see below). Composer John Powell stated in a Dec 2006 interview in Animation Magazine that the story was originally planned to include many more mash-ups to explain the exposition, but after the success of the 2005 Academy Award-winning documentary March of the Penguins , it was deemed unnecessary to educate the public as assiduously about emperor penguin behavior. Press materials reported that, when approached for the rights to his song “Kiss,” Prince offered a new song, “The Song of the Heart,” for the closing credits. The film’s vocal stars sang their own songs. Brittany Murphy, who provided the voice of “Gloria,” had trained as a singer before becoming an actress but had never before sung onscreen. The soundtrack was released on Warner Sunset/Atlantic Records on 31 Oct 2006.
       Although a 3 Jun 2003 DV news item stated that Robin Williams would play four roles, including “Noah the Elder” and an elephant seal, he played only two roles, “Ramone” and Lovelace, in the final film. Australian wildlife conservationist and television presenter Steve Irwin, popularly known as "The Crocodile Hunter," voiced his role as elephant seal “Trev” one month before his death, on 4 Sep 2006, of a stingray barb. Press materials explained that the dialogue for the “Amigos” was recorded in open-microphone group sessions, with copious improvisation. Some sources reported the film’s final budget at nearly $100 million.
       The film was released simultaneously in standard and IMAX 3D versions on 17 Nov 2006. A Mar 2006 DV article explained that IMAX would use its newly patented DMR technology, which allowed a film shot on 35mm to be converted to 3D and shown on IMAX screens. Many reviewers compared the film to March of the Penguins , which detailed the life of the emperor penguins and also was released by Warner Bros. A Nov 2006 HR article stated that Miller, who, as noted above, first conceived of Happy Feet in 2001, considered the documentary’s success a good indication of the appeal of the subject matter.
       Happy Feet proved a box-office hit, to the surprise of many industry analysts who had predicted middling profits. Reviews were universally laudatory, with the Var critic calling it “one of the very best directed animated films on record.” Its conservationist message, however, incurred the ire of some conservative journalists, including CNN's Glenn Beck, who called the film “propaganda” aimed at children to promote a “far-left” agenda. In addition to being named one of AFI’s Movies of the Year, the picture received the Academy Award for Best Animated Feature and was nominated for Golden Globes for Best Animated Film and Best Original Song--Motion Picture ("The Song of the Heart" by Prince). The picture also was nominated for Best Animated Feature by the British Academy of Film and Television Arts. More Less

BIBLIOGRAPHIC SOURCES
SOURCE
DATE
PAGE
Animation Magazine
11 Dec 2006.
---
Daily Variety
3 Jun 2003.
---
Daily Variety
16 Mar 2006
Section A, p. 1, 8.
Daily Variety
14 Nov 2006.
---
Hollywood Reporter
4 Oct 2005.
---
Hollywood Reporter
3-5 Nov 2006
p. 12, 28.
Hollywood Reporter
13 Nov 2006.
---
Los Angeles City Beat
16 Nov 2006.
---
Los Angeles Times
12 Nov 2006.
---
Los Angeles Times
13 Nov 2006.
---
Los Angeles Times
15 Nov 2006.
---
Los Angeles Times
17 Nov 2006.
---
National Geographic News
16 Nov 2006.
---
New York Times
17 Nov 2006.
---
Variety
21 Apr 2003.
---
Variety
10 Nov 2006.
---
Wall Street Journal
17 Nov 2006
Section B, p. 1.
CAST
NAME
CREDITED AS
CREDIT
Adelie Amigos:
Emperors:
Rockhopper:
Danny Mann
Elephant seals:
Elders:
Adelie chicas:
Zoo penguins:
Danny Mann
Motion capture principals:
Motion capture performers:
Live action cast:
Other voices:
+
PRODUCTION CREDITS
NAME
PARENT COMPANY
PRODUCTION TEXT
A George Miller film
NAME
CREDITED AS
CREDIT
DIRECTORS
Co-dir
Layout and cam dir
Digital crowd dir
The 1st asst dir
[Addl film unit] 1st asst dir
PRODUCERS
Animal Logic prod
Exec prod
Exec prod
Exec prod
Line prod
Assoc prod
Assoc prod
Assoc prod
Assoc prod
PHOTOGRAPHY
[Addl film unit] Dir of photog
Live action test DOP
[Addl film unit] Focus puller
[Addl film unit] Key grip
[Addl film unit] EPK cam
[Addl film unit] Gaffer
Arctic expedition digital matte photog
ART DIRECTORS
Supv art dir
Art dir
[Addl film unit] Art dir
Asst art dir
Addl art dir
Addl art dir
Prod des
Graphic des
Lead storyboard artist
Lead character artist
Lead character artist
Lead environment artist
Concept artist
Concept artist
Snr prod coord
FILM EDITORS
VFX ed
Editorial and finishing supv
Ed--World Debate
1st asst ed
1st asst ed
2d asst ed
Asst ed conform
Asst ed digital dailies
Asst ed digital dailies
Asst ed anim dailies
Asst ed
Asst ed
Ed coord
MUSIC
Mus comp, songs arr and prod
Mus ed
Mus ed
Mus ed
Addl mus ed
Orch & addl arr
Addl song arr
Addl song arr
Orch cond
Orch cond
Orchestral contractor
Los Angeles musicians contractor
Los Angeles musicians contractor
Score performed by
Concert master
Sydney Philharmonic Choirs MD
Sydney Children's Choir cond
Mus preparation
Mus preparation
Mus preparation
Score rec and mixed by
Addl rec
Addl rec
Addl rec
Songs mixed by
Asst to composer
Tech asst to comp
Orchestral mus rec at
Gen mgr, Trackdown Scoring Stage
Addl scoring eng, Trackdown Scoring Stage
Music Pro Tools op, Trackdown Scoring Stage
Asst eng, Trackdown Scoring Stage
Operations mgr, Trackdown Scoring Stage
Floor asst, Trackdown Scoring Stage
Floor asst, Trackdown Scoring Stage
Floor asst, Trackdown Scoring Stage
Guitars
Guitars
Guitars
Percussion
Percussion
Bass
Keyboards
Brass
Brass
Brass
Brass
Featured vocalist
Featured vocalist
Featured vocalist
Featured vocalist
Featured vocalist
Featured vocalist
Featured vocalist
Featured vocalist
Featured vocalist
Featured vocalist
Featured vocalist
Featured vocalist
Featured vocalist
Vocals arr & contractor, Los Angeles
SOUND
Supv sd ed & des
Addl sd ed
Addl sd ed
Addl sd ed
Addl sd ed
Addl sd ed
Asst sd ed
Asst sd ed
Supv dial ed
Dial ed
Dial ed
Orig dial mixer
Orig dial recordist
Supv eff ed
Asst sd supv & eff ed
Sd eff ed
Sd eff ed
Sd eff ed
Sd eff ed
Sd eff ed
Sd eff ed
Sd eff ed
Foley artist
Foley recordist & tap sequencing
Re-rec mixer
Re-rec mixer
Re-rec mixer
Addl re-rec mixer
Addl re-rec mixer
Addl re-rec mixer
Addl re-rec mixer
Asst mixer
Asst mixer
Atlab mix liaison
Motion capture recordist
Motion capture recordist
Sd tech support
Big Bang Sound liaison
Orig sd rec eng
Sd prod facility
Sd prod facility
Sd prod facility
Sd prod facility
Sd prod facility
Sd prod facility
Digital film rec and laboratory services
Snr prod liaison, Atlab Australia
Laboratory liaison, Atlab Australia
I/O supv, Atlab Australia
I/O rec, Atlab Australia
I/O rec, Atlab Australia
I/O rec, Atlab Australia
I/O rec, Atlab Australia
Antarctic expedition sd recordist
VISUAL EFFECTS
Digital supv
Digital supv, Rhythm & Hues
Digital supv, Rhythm & Hues
Assoc digital supv
Motion capture supv
Motion capture supv
Digital prod, Rhythm & Hues
Digital prod mgr
Digital prod mgr, Rhythm & Hues
Digital prod mgr, Rhythm & Hues
Set dec surfacing & digital matte supv
Lead surfacing artist
Lead surfacing artist
Lead surfacing artist
[Modelling & surfacing & matte painting] Snr prod
Snr digital matte artist
Digital artist
Digital artist
Digital artist
Digital artist
Digital artist
Digital artist
Digital artist
Digital artist
Digital artist
Digital artist
Digital artist
Digital artist
Digital artist
Digital artist
Digital artist
Digital artist
Digital artist
Digital artist
Digital artist
Digital artist
Digital artist
Digital artist
Digital artist
Environment modeling supv
Lead character modeler
Lead environment modeler
Lead environment modeler
Modeler
Modeler
Modeler
Modeler
Modeler
Modeler
[Motion capture] Snr prod coord
[Motion capture] 1st asst dir
[Motion capture] 2d asst dir
[Motion capture] Scr supv
[Motion capture] Addl scr supv
[Motion capture] Research & IT coord
Motion capture eng
Software developer
Software developer
Software programmer
Console op and TD
Console op
Mocap cost
Motion selects
Motion selects
Motion selects
Supv motion ed
Senior motion ed
Motion ed
Motion ed
Motion ed
Motion ed
Motion ed
Motion ed
Motion ed
Motion ed
Motion ed
Motion ed
Motion ed
Motion ed
Motion ed
Motion ed
Motion ed
Motion ed
Motion ed
Motion ed
Motion ed
Motion ed
Motion ed
Motion ed
Motion ed
Motion ed
Motion ed
Motion ed
Motion ed
Motion ed
Motion ed
Motion ed
Motion ed
Motion ed
Motion ed
Motion ed
[Motion capture] Tech asst
[Motion capture] Tech asst
[Motion capture] On set asst
[Motion capture] On set asst
[Motion capture] On set asst
[Motion capture] On set asst
[Motion capture] On set asst
[Motion capture] On set asst
[Motion capture] On set asst
[Motion capture] On set asst
FX supv
Addl FX supv
Addl FX supv
Addl FX supv
Lead FX TD
Lead FX TD
Lead FX TD
[FX] Prod coord
[FX] Prod coord
FX TD
FX TD
FX TD
FX TD
FX TD
FX TD
FX TD
FX TD
FX TD
Visual eff prod, Rhythm & Hues
Visual eff prod, Rhythm & Hues
VFX supv
VFX supv
Visual eff supv, Rhythm & Hues
Visual eff supv, Giant Killer Robots
Eff supv, Rhythm & Hues
Eff artist, Rhythm & Hues
Eff artist, Rhythm & Hues
Eff artist, Rhythm & Hues
Eff artist, Rhythm & Hues
Eff artist, Rhythm & Hues
Eff artist, Rhythm & Hues
Visual eff, Giant Killer Robots
Visual eff, Giant Killer Robots
Visual eff, Giant Killer Robots
Visual eff, Giant Killer Robots
Visual eff, Giant Killer Robots
Visual eff, Giant Killer Robots
Visual eff, Giant Killer Robots
Visual eff, Giant Killer Robots
Visual eff, Giant Killer Robots
Visual eff, Giant Killer Robots
Visual eff, Giant Killer Robots
Visual eff, Giant Killer Robots
Visual eff, Giant Killer Robots
Visual eff, Giant Killer Robots
Visual eff, Giant Killer Robots
Visual eff, Giant Killer Robots
Visual eff, Giant Killer Robots
Visual eff, Giant Killer Robots
Visual eff, Giant Killer Robots
Visual eff, Giant Killer Robots
Visual eff, Giant Killer Robots
Visual eff, Giant Killer Robots
Visual eff, Giant Killer Robots
Visual eff, Giant Killer Robots
Visual eff, Giant Killer Robots
Visual eff, Giant Killer Robots
Visual eff, Giant Killer Robots
Visual eff, Giant Killer Robots
Visual eff, Giant Killer Robots
Visual eff supv, Giant Killer Robots
Visual eff, Giant Killer Robots
Visual eff, Giant Killer Robots
Visual eff, Giant Killer Robots
Visual eff, Giant Killer Robots
Visual eff, Giant Killer Robots
Visual eff, Giant Killer Robots
Visual eff, Giant Killer Robots
Visual eff, Giant Killer Robots
Visual eff, Giant Killer Robots
Visual eff, Giant Killer Robots
Visual eff, Giant Killer Robots
Visual eff, Giant Killer Robots
[Addl VFX prod] Prod coord
[Addl VFX prod] TD
[Addl VFX prod] TD
[Addl VFX prod] TD
[Addl VFX prod] Line prod
Lead 3D
3D cam tracker
3D cam tracker
3D cam tracker
Title des
Title des
Title des
Titles prod
FX layout
Addl compositing
Addl compositing
Addl compositing
Addl compositing
Addl compositing
Addl compositing
Addl compositing
Addl compositing
Addl compositing
Addl compositing
Addl compositing
Compositor
Compositor
Compositor
Compositor
Compositor
Compositor
Compositor
Compositor
Compositor
Compositing supv, Rhythm & Hues
Digital compositor, Rhythm & Hues
Digital compositor, Rhythm & Hues
Digital compositor, Rhythm & Hues
Digital compositor, Rhythm & Hues
Digital compositor, Rhythm & Hues
Digital compositor, Rhythm & Hues
Lead render wrangler
Lead render wrangler
Render wrangler
Render wrangler
Render wrangler
Render wrangler
Render wrangler
Render wrangler
Render wrangler
Render wrangler
DANCE
Choreographer & principal perfomer
Dancing & choreography of Mumble
MAKEUP
[Addl film unit] Makeup artist
PRODUCTION MISC
Casting
Addl voice casting
[Addl film unit] Casting dir
[Addl film unit] Casting
Financial controller
Financial controller, Kennedy Miller
Chief financial officer, Animal Logic
Group accountant, Animal Logic
Accountant, Animal Logic
Accountant, Kennedy Miller
Prod accountant, Kennedy Miller
Asst accountant, Animal Logic
Asst accountant, Kennedy Miller
Financial consultant, Kennedy Miller
Dir of R&D
Head of R&D
R&D supv
R&D software developer
R&D software developer
R&D software developer
R&D software developer
R&D software developer
R&D software developer
R&D software developer
R&D software developer
R&D software developer
R&D software developer
R&D software developer
Pipeline developer
Pipeline developer
Pipeline developer
Pipeline developer
[R&D] coord
Asst to the choreographer
Asst to Zareh Nalbandian
Asst to George Miller, Kennedy Miller
Asst to Doug Mitchell, Kennedy Miller
Coord and asst to Bill Miller, Kennedy Miller
Prod dept coord
Prod dept coord
Prod coord, Kennedy Miller
Prod coord, Rhythm & Hues
Prod coord, Rhythm & Hues
Prod coord, Rhythm & Hues
Prod coord, Rhythm & Hues
Post prod supv, Kennedy Miller
Prod asst
Prod asst, Kennedy Miller
Addl prod
Addl prod
Head of IT
Support engineering supv
Lead support eng
Prod eng
Prod eng
Intranet developer
IT coord
Senior systems eng
Senior systems eng
Senior systems eng
Senior systems eng
Senior systems eng
Senior systemseng
Support eng
Support eng
Support eng
Support eng
Support eng
Support eng
Support eng
Support eng
Data operations supv
Data operations supv
Data operations eng
Data resources mgr
Data management coord
Data op
Data op
Data op
Data op
Film I/O supv
Media operations
Media operations
Media operations
Media operations
Media operations
[Addl film unit] Cont
Creative dir, Animal Logic
Communications mgr, Animal Logic
Recruiting supv, Animal Logic
Recruiting supv, Animal Logic
Recruiter, Animal Logic
Recruiting coord, Animal Logic
Head chef, Animal Logic
Front of house, Animal Logic
Dir of tech ops, Animal Logic
Dir of public affairs, Animal Logic
Human resources mgr, Animal Logic
Human resources supv, Animal Logic
Human resources coord, Animal Logic
Training mgr, Animal Logic
Payroll, Animal Logic
Comms coord, Animal Logic
Prod secy, Kennedy Miller
Prod secy, Kennedy Miller
Facilities, Kennedy Miller
Reception, Kennedy Miller
Logistics and expedition leader, Ross Island
Expedition leader, ^IBraveheart^R
Antarctic expedition crew
Antarctic expedition crew
Antarctic expedition crew
Antarctic expedition crew
Antarctic expedition crew
Antarctic expedition crew
Antarctic expedition crew
Antarctic expedition support
Antarctic consultant
ANIMATION
Anim dir
Lighting supv
Lighting supv, Rhythm & Hues
Lighting supv, Rhythm & Hues
Character supv
Layout dir
[Layout] Dept supv
Lead layout TD
Seq lead & software TD
[Layout] Prod coord
[Layout] Prod coord
[Layout] Seq lead
[Layout] Seq lead
[Layout] Seq lead
[Layout] Seq lead
[Layout] Seq lead
[Layout] Seq lead
[Layout] Seq lead
[Layout] Seq lead
Lead assembly TD
Assembly TD
Assembly TD
[Layout] Tech asst
[Layout] Tech asst
[Layout] Tech asst
[Layout] Tech asst
[Layout] Tech asst
[Layout] Tech asst
[Layout] Tech asst
[Layout] Tech asst
[Layout] Tech asst
Addl previz
Addl previz
Supv character TD
Lead character TD
Lead character TD
Lead character TD
[Character set-up] Snr prod coord
Character development
Character development
Character development
Character development
Character TD
Character TD
Character TD
Character TD
Character TD
Character TD
Character FX TD
Character FX TD
Anim supv
Senior anim supv, Rhythm & Hues
Anim supv, Rhythm & Hues
Anim supv, Rhythm & Hues
[Anim] Prod mgr
Dept supv
Addl dept supv
Addl prod supv
[Anim] Prod coord
[Anim] Prod coord
[Anim] Prod coord
[Anim] Prod coord
[Anim] Prod coord
[Anim] Prod coord
[Anim] Prod coord
[Anim] Prod coord
Lead character anim
Lead character anim
Lead character anim
Lead character anim
Lead character anim
Lead character anim
Lead character anim
Lead character anim
Lead character anim
Lead character anim
Lead character anim
Lead character anim
Lead character anim
Senior anim
Senior anim
Senior anim
Senior anim
Senior anim
Senior anim
Senior anim
Senior anim
Senior anim
Senior anim
Senior anim
Senior anim
Senior anim
Senior anim
Senior anim
Senior anim
Senior anim
Senior anim
Anim
Anim
Anim
Anim, Rhythm & Hues
Anim, Rhythm & Hues
Anim, Rhythm & Hues
Anim, Rhythm & Hues
Anim, Rhythm & Hues
Anim, Rhythm & Hues
Anim, Rhythm & Hues
Anim, Rhythm & Hues
Anim, Rhythm & Hues
Addl anim
Addl anim
Addl anim
Addl anim
Addl anim
Addl anim
Addl anim
Addl anim
Addl anim
Addl anim
Addl anim
Addl anim
Addl anim
Addl anim
Addl anim
Addl anim
Addl anim
Addl anim
Addl anim
[Anim] Tech asst
[Anim] Tech asst
[Anim] Tech asst
[Anim] Tech asst
[Anim] Tech asst
[Anim] Tech asst
[Digital crowds] Supv
[Digital crowds] Supv
[Digital crowds] Prod coord
Digital crowd TD
Digital crowd TD
Digital crowd TD
Digital crowd TD
Digital crowd TD
Digital crowd TD
Digital crowd TD
Digital crowd TD
Digital crowd TD
[Lighting] Seq lead
[Lighting] Seq lead
[Lighting] Seq lead
[Lighting] Seq lead
[Lighting] Prod supv
[Lighting] Prod supv
[Lighting] Prod coord
[Lighting] Prod coord
[Lighting] Prod coord
Senior lighting TD
Senior lighting TD
Senior lighting TD
Senior lighting TD
Senior lighting TD
Senior lighting TD
Senior lighting TD
Senior lighting TD
Senior lighting TD
Senior lighting TD
Senior lighting TD
Senior lighting TD
Senior lighting TD
Senior lighting TD
Lighting TD
Lighting TD
Lighting TD
Lighting TD
Lighting TD
Lighting TD
Lighting TD
Lighting TD
Lighting TD
Lighting TD
Lighting TD
Lighting TD
Lighting TD
Lighting TD
Lighting TD
Lighting TD
Lighting TD
Lighting TD
Lighting TD
Lighting TD
Lighting TD
Lighting TD
Lighting TD
Lighting TD
Lighting TD
Lighting TD
Lighting TD
Lighting TD
Lighting TD
Lighting TD
Lighting TD
Lighting TD
Lighting TD
Lighting TD
Lighting TD
Lighting TD
Lighting TD
Lighting TD
Lighting TD
Lighting TD
Lighting TD
Lighting TD
Lighting TD
Lighting TD
Lighting TD
Lighting TD
Lighting TD
Lighting TD
Lighting TD
Lighting TD
Lighting TD
Lighting TD
Lighting TD
Lighting TD
Lighting TD
Lighting TD
Lighting TD
Lighting TD
Lighting TD
Lighting TD
Lighting TD
Lighting TD
Lighting TD
Lighting TD
Lighting TD
Lighting TD
Lighter, Rhythm & Hues
Lighter, Rhythm & Hues
Lighter, Rhythm & Hues
Lighter, Rhythm & Hues
Lighter, Rhythm & Hues
Lighter, Rhythm & Hues
Lighter, Rhythm & Hues
Lighter, Rhythm & Hues
Lighter, Rhythm & Hues
Lighter, Rhythm & Hues
Lighter, Rhythm & Hues
Lighter, Rhythm & Hues
[Lighting] Addl prod coord
[Lighting] Addl prod coord
[Lighting] Addl prod coord
Anim layout
Character rigging, Rhythm & Hues
Character rigging, Rhythm & Hues
Character rigging, Rhythm & Hues
Tech anim, Rhythm & Hues
Tech anim, Rhythm & Hues
Anim layout, Rhythm & Hues
Anim layout, Rhythm & Hues
Modeler, Rhythm & Hues
Modeler, Rhythm & Hues
Texture/Matte painter, Rhythm & Hues
Texture/Matte painter, Rhythm & Hues
Pipeline setup/Tech support, Rhythm & Hues
Pipeline setup/Technical support, Rhythm & Hues
Software/Ed support, Rhythm & Hues
Software/Ed support, Rhythm & Hues
Render technology by
Render technology by
Motion capture technology provided by
COLOR PERSONNEL
Digital colorist
SOURCES
SONGS
“Golden Slumbers” and "The End," written by John Lennon and Paul McCartney, published by Sony/ATV Tunes LLC, produced by T-Bone Burnett, performed by k. d. lang, courtesy of Nonesuch Records
“Tell Me Something Good,” written by Stevie Wonder, © 1974 Black Bull Music Inc., EMI Music Publishing Australia Pty Limited, produced by John Powell and Butch Walker, performed by Pink, courtesy of LaFace Records
“I Only Have Eyes for You,” written by Al Dubin and Harry Warren, licensed by WB Music Corp., J. Albert & Son Pty Limited
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SONGS
“Golden Slumbers” and "The End," written by John Lennon and Paul McCartney, published by Sony/ATV Tunes LLC, produced by T-Bone Burnett, performed by k. d. lang, courtesy of Nonesuch Records
“Tell Me Something Good,” written by Stevie Wonder, © 1974 Black Bull Music Inc., EMI Music Publishing Australia Pty Limited, produced by John Powell and Butch Walker, performed by Pink, courtesy of LaFace Records
“I Only Have Eyes for You,” written by Al Dubin and Harry Warren, licensed by WB Music Corp., J. Albert & Son Pty Limited
“With a Song in My Heart,” written by Richard Rodgers and Lorenz Hart, © 1929 Warner Bros. Inc. & Williamson Music Inc./Warner/Chappell Music Australia Pty Ltd.
“Kiss,” written by Prince Rogers Nelson, Controversy Music/Universal Music Publishing Pty Ltd., produced by John Powell, performed by Nicole Kidman and Hugh Jackman
“Only You (and You Alone),” written by Buck Ram and Ande Rand, Hollis Music, Inc./Robert Mellin Inc./Screen Gems-EMI Music Inc.
“Where Is the Love,” written by Ralph MacDonald and William Salter, Cherry Lane/Antisia Music Inc./Universal Music Publishing Pty Ltd.
“Hello,” written by Lionel Richie, Brockman Music/Warner/Chappell Music Australia Pty Ltd./Brenda Richie Publishing/Rondor Music Australia Pty Ltd./Universal Music Publishing Pty Ltd.
“Let’s Talk About Sex,” written by Herbie Azor “Fingerprints,” WB Music Corp. & Sons of K-oss Music Inc./Warner/Chappell Music Australia Pty Ltd.
“Heartbreak Hotel,” written by Mae Axton, Tommy Durden and Elvis Presley, licensed by EMI Music Publishing Limited/J. Albert & Son Pty Limited, produced by John Powell, performed by Hugh Jackman
“The Message,” written by Sylvia Robinson, Melvin Glover, Clifton Chase and Edward Fletcher, Sugar Hill Music Ltd. (USA), Fable Music Pty Ltd. (Australia), produced by John Powell, performed by Fat Joe, courtesy of Atlantic Records
“Boogie Wonderland,” written by Jon Lind and Allee Willis, © 1979 EMI Blackwood Music./EMI Songs Australia Pty Limited/Big Mystique Music/Irving Music, Inc./Rondor—Universal Music Publishing Pty Ltd., produced by John Powell, performed by Brittany Murphy
“In My Room,” written by Brian Wilson and Gary Usher, licensed by Irving Music, Inc./J. Albert & Son Pty Limited, performed by E. G. Daily & Sydney Children’s Choir
“Do It Again,” written by Brian Wilson and Mike Love, licensed by Irving Music, Inc./J. Albert & Son Pty Limited, performed by The Beach Boys, (p) 2006 Capitol Records Inc., licensed courtesy of EMI Music Australia Pty Limited, also contains performance by The Wondermints
“That’s the Way (I Like It),” written by Harry Casey and Richard Finch, © EMI Longitude Music/EMI Music Publishing Australia Pty Limited
“Candela,” written by Sandy Cariello and Pavel De Jesus, Urban Box Office Inc., performed by Da Madd Dominikans, Discos Musart, S.A. de C.V.
“Unchained Melody,” written by Alex North and Hy Zaret, © 1954 Frank Music Corp./EMI Music Publishing Australia Pty Limited
“Vesta la giubba” from the opera Pagliacci , written by Ruggiero Leoncavallo
“Broken Wings,” written by Richard Page, John Lang and Steve George, WB Music Corp., Ali-Aja Music, Panola Park Music & Indolent Sloth Music/Warner/Chappell Music Australia Pty Ltd.
“Gimme All Your Lovin’,” written by B. Gibbons, F. Beard and D. Hill, Mushroom Music Publishing via Stage Three Songs
“Never Can Say Goodbye,” written by Clifton Davis, © 1970 Jobete Music Co. Inc., EMI Songs Australia Pty Limited
“Chantilly Lace,” written by J. P. Richardson, © Glad Music Co., EMI Songs Australia Pty Limited
“Otchi Tchorniya,” public domain, performed by Judy Morris
“I Wish,” written by Steve Wonder, © 1976 Black Bull Music Inc./EMI Music Publishing Australia Pty Limited, performed by Stevie Wonder, courtesy of Motown Record Company L.P. (United States)/Universal Music Australia Pty Limited
“Jump ‘n’ Move,” written by Jan Kincaid, Simon Bartholomew, Andrew Levy and Jamal Mitchell, London Music Ltd./Warner/Chappell Music Australia Pty Ltd./Sony/ATV Music Publishing UK/Roughneck Reality Music/Mudslide Music, performed by The Brand New Heavies featuring Jamalski, courtesy of Warner Music UK Limited/Delicious Vinyl Records
“Somebody to Love,” written by Freddie Mercury, © 1976 Queen Music Ltd./EMI Music Publishing Australia Pty Limited, produced by John Powell, performed by Brittany Murphy
“Cui cui,” written by Xavier Cugat and Fausto Curbelo, licensed by Edward B. Marks Music Company/J. Albert & Son Pty Limited
“Let’s All Sing Like the Birdies Sing,” written by Tolchard Evans, Stanley Damerell and Robert Hargreaves, © Campbell Connelly & Co. Ltd./Campbell Connelly (Australia) Pty Ltd.
“No Scrubs,” written by Kevin Briggs, Kandi Burruss and Tameka Cottle, © 1999 Kandacy Music/Tiny Tam Music/Air Control Music/EMI April Music Inc./Shak’em Down Music/Hitco Music/Songs of Windswept Pacific/EMI Music Publishing Australia Pty Limited, Tony Mercedes Music, produced by John Powell, performed by Lizette Carter, courtesy of Terror Squad Records
“Shake Your Bon Bon,” written by Robi Rosa, Desmond Child and George R. Noriega, A Phantom Vox Publishing/Warner/Chappell Music Australia Pty Ltd./Estefan Music Publishing Inc.—Universal Musica Inc./Universal Music Publishing Pty Ltd, Crosstown Songs Ltd. UK (ASCAP)
“Baby Got Back,” written by Anthony L. Ray, Mix-A-Lot Publishing Inc./Where’s My Publishing Inc./Universal—Songs of PolyGram International Inc./Universal Music Publishing Pty Ltd.
“Leader of the Pack,” written by Jeff Barry, Ellie Greenwich and George Morton, © Robert Mellin Inc., Tender Tunes Inc. & Trio Music Co. Inc./Warner/Chappell Music Australia Pty Ltd./EMI Unart Catalog Inc. and Screen Gems—EMI Music Inc.
“I Wish,” written by Stevie Wonder, © 1976 Black Bull Music Inc./EMI Music Publishing Australia Pty Limited, produced by John Powell, performed by Patti LaBelle, Yolanda Adams and Fantasia Barrino, Patti LaBelle appears courtesy of the Island DefJam Music Group, Yolanda Adams appears courtesy of Atlantic Records, Fantasia Barrino appears courtesy of 19 Recordings Ltd./J Records
“Everything I Own,” written by David Gates, published by Sony/ATV Tunes LLC, produced by John Powell and Gavin Greenaway, performed by Chrissie Hynde
“The Joker,” written by Steve Miller, Eddie Curtis and Ahmet Ertegun, Sailor Music/Jim Rooster Music Co./Warner—Tamerlane Music/Universal Music Publishing Australia Pty Ltd., produced by Josh Deutsch and John Powell, performed by Jason Mraz, courtesy of Atlantic Records
“I’ll Make Love to You,” written by Kenneth Edmonds, published by ECAF Music/Sony/ATV Songs LLC
“My Way,” English adaptation by Paul Anka from the original composition “Comme d’habitude,” music by Claude François and Jacques Revaux, lyrics by Gilles Thibaut, © Warner Chappell Music France & Editions Jeune Musique/Universal Music Publishing Pty Ltd., Spanish translation by Germaine Franco/Daniel Lerner, produced by John Powell, performed by Robbie Williams
“Adelie Rap/Adelie Bridge,” written by Edgar Garcia p/k/a Paco, Germaine Franco, Daniel Lerner and John Powell
“If You Leave Me Now,” written by Peter Cetera, licensed by BMG Music Publishing Australia Pty Ltd.
“The Song of the Heart,” written by Prince Rogers Nelson, © Universal Music Corp. on behalf of Controversy Music, produced and performed by Prince, courtesy of NPG Records
“Hit Me Up,” written by KNS Productions and Gia Farrell, published by Zomba Songs/Keirulf Songs/Mugsy Boy Publishing/J. Bo & Co. Music Publishing, produced by Brian & Josh for KNS Productions, Inc., performed by Gia Farrell, courtesy of Atlantic Records.
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DETAILS
Release Date:
17 November 2006
Premiere Information:
World premiere in Los Angeles: 12 November 2006
Production Date:
began 28 April 2003
Copyright Claimant:
Warner Bros. Entertainment, Inc. and Village Roadshows Films (BVI) Limited
Copyright Date:
2006
Copyright Number:
Physical Properties:
Sound
Dolby Digital; SDDS Sony Dynamic Digital Sound; dts Digital Sound in selected theatres
Color
Technicolor
Animation
Lenses/Prints
Kodak Motion Picture Products; Fujifilm Motion Picture Products
Duration(in mins):
100 or 108
MPAA Rating:
PG
Countries:
Australia, United States
Language:
English
PCA No:
43018