Mannequin (1938)

92 or 95 mins | Drama | 21 January 1938

Director:

Frank Borzage

Cinematographer:

George Folsey

Production Designer:

Cedric Gibbons

Production Company:

Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Corp.
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HISTORY

According to a news item in HR , M-G-M bought the rights to Katherine Brush's story before its publication in Hearst's International-Cosmopolitan , however, SAB and reviews call it an original, unpublished story. It is possible that the story was originally intended for publication but instead went directly to M-G-M for the film. Modern sources indicate that Brush's story was entitled "Marry for Money." News items also note that Mickey Rooney was supposed to play the role of Clifford Cassidy but was unable to do so because of his assignment on M-G-M's Thoroughbreds Don't Cry (see below). The item also noted that Leo Gorcey had made a one picture deal with M-G-M following his success in Samuel Goldwyn's Dead End (see above). This was the only picture in which popular M-G-M stars Joan Crawford and Spencer Tracy appeared together. They recreated their roles on radio for M-G-M's Maxwell House program in Nov 1937. Phillip Terry, who played the minor role of "the man at stage door" in the film, was married to Crawford from 1942 to 1946. This was the only film in which they appeared together. According to modern sources, Frank Borzage coauthored the screenplay with Lawrence Hazard, and working titles for the film were Three Rooms in Heaven , Class , Shop Girl and Saint or Sinner ... More Less

According to a news item in HR , M-G-M bought the rights to Katherine Brush's story before its publication in Hearst's International-Cosmopolitan , however, SAB and reviews call it an original, unpublished story. It is possible that the story was originally intended for publication but instead went directly to M-G-M for the film. Modern sources indicate that Brush's story was entitled "Marry for Money." News items also note that Mickey Rooney was supposed to play the role of Clifford Cassidy but was unable to do so because of his assignment on M-G-M's Thoroughbreds Don't Cry (see below). The item also noted that Leo Gorcey had made a one picture deal with M-G-M following his success in Samuel Goldwyn's Dead End (see above). This was the only picture in which popular M-G-M stars Joan Crawford and Spencer Tracy appeared together. They recreated their roles on radio for M-G-M's Maxwell House program in Nov 1937. Phillip Terry, who played the minor role of "the man at stage door" in the film, was married to Crawford from 1942 to 1946. This was the only film in which they appeared together. According to modern sources, Frank Borzage coauthored the screenplay with Lawrence Hazard, and working titles for the film were Three Rooms in Heaven , Class , Shop Girl and Saint or Sinner . More Less

SOURCE CITATIONS
SOURCE
DATE
PAGE
Daily Variety
15 Dec 37
p. 3.
Film Daily
29 Dec 37
p. 7.
Hollywood Reporter
16 Jul 35
p. 1.
Hollywood Reporter
3 Sep 37
p. 8.
Hollywood Reporter
13 Sep 37
p. 18.
Hollywood Reporter
6 Nov 37
p. 4.
Hollywood Reporter
15 Dec 37
p. 3.
Motion Picture Daily
16 Dec 37
p. 4.
Motion Picture Herald
18 Dec 37
p. 54.
New York Times
21 Jan 38
p. 15.
Variety
22 Dec 37
p. 16.
CAST
PRODUCTION CREDITS
NAME
PARENT COMPANY
PRODUCTION TEXT
A Frank Borzage Production
DISTRIBUTION COMPANY
NAME
CREDITED AS
CREDIT
DIRECTORS
Asst dir
PRODUCER
WRITERS
PHOTOGRAPHY
Photog
ART DIRECTORS
Art dir
Art dir assoc
Art dir assoc
FILM EDITOR
COSTUMES
Gowns
MUSIC
Mus score
SOUND
Rec dir
SOURCES
SONGS
"Always and Always," music by Edward Ward, lyrics by Bob Wright and Chet Forrest.
DETAILS
Release Date:
21 January 1938
Premiere Information:
New York opening: 20 January 1937
Production Date:
7 September--25 October 1937
Copyright Claimant:
Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Corp.
Copyright Date:
11 January 1938
Copyright Number:
LP7752
Physical Properties:
Sound
Western Electric Sound System
Black and White
Duration(in mins):
92 or 95
Length(in reels):
9
Country:
United States
Language:
English
PCA No:
3839
Passed by NBR:
Yes
SYNOPSIS

Jessie Cassidy yearns to escape the squalor of her family's Hester Street apartment so strongly that she convinces her boyfriend, Eddie Miller, to marry her. At their wedding supper in a Jewish-Chinese restaurant, self-made shipping tycoon John L. Hennessey sees them and buys them a bottle of champagne. Eddie tries to impress John, but Jessie, with her sweet devotion to Eddie, impresses him more. Eddie takes Jessie to a nice apartment, then tells her that she can give up her garment factory job to work in a chorus in a Broadway show, just until he gets a break. Several months later, Jessie is still in love, despite her friend Beryl Lee's warnings that Eddie is good-for-nothing. Hennessey is giving a party for the people in the show and Eddie convinces the reluctant Jessie to go. Hennessey, who has been giving parties only on a pretext of seeing Jessie, makes a pass at her, which she rebukes with a slap. Even more enamoured of her, Hennessey doesn't hesitate to loan her a hundred dollars after she and Eddie are kicked out of their apartment by the real tenents and Eddie is arrested for bookmaking. Eddie, aware of Hennessey's love for Jessie, suggests that she divorce him, marry Hennessey, then divorce Hennessey for a large settlement. Finally seeing what kind of man Eddie is, Jessie leaves him. Some months later, she returns the money to Hennessey and they start to see each other. She promises to marry him, even though he knows she doesn't love him, and they plan a European trip, accompanied by Beryl. Eddie goes to Jessie ... +


Jessie Cassidy yearns to escape the squalor of her family's Hester Street apartment so strongly that she convinces her boyfriend, Eddie Miller, to marry her. At their wedding supper in a Jewish-Chinese restaurant, self-made shipping tycoon John L. Hennessey sees them and buys them a bottle of champagne. Eddie tries to impress John, but Jessie, with her sweet devotion to Eddie, impresses him more. Eddie takes Jessie to a nice apartment, then tells her that she can give up her garment factory job to work in a chorus in a Broadway show, just until he gets a break. Several months later, Jessie is still in love, despite her friend Beryl Lee's warnings that Eddie is good-for-nothing. Hennessey is giving a party for the people in the show and Eddie convinces the reluctant Jessie to go. Hennessey, who has been giving parties only on a pretext of seeing Jessie, makes a pass at her, which she rebukes with a slap. Even more enamoured of her, Hennessey doesn't hesitate to loan her a hundred dollars after she and Eddie are kicked out of their apartment by the real tenents and Eddie is arrested for bookmaking. Eddie, aware of Hennessey's love for Jessie, suggests that she divorce him, marry Hennessey, then divorce Hennessey for a large settlement. Finally seeing what kind of man Eddie is, Jessie leaves him. Some months later, she returns the money to Hennessey and they start to see each other. She promises to marry him, even though he knows she doesn't love him, and they plan a European trip, accompanied by Beryl. Eddie goes to Jessie and warns her to carry through his idea, but when Hennessey arrives, he throws Eddie out, even though he does not know the real purpose of the visit. After they marry, Jessie realizes that she loves Hennessey and is completely happy in their honeymoon cottage in Ireland. They soon receive a cablegram from Hennessey's assistant Briggs, advising them that labor unrest necessitates their return home. While Hennessey goes to his men, hoping that they will stop their strike and save their company, Jessie confronts Eddie. He tries to blackmail her, but she says that she will leave Hennessey before seeing him hurt. Just before she is about to leave him, however, Hennessey comes home. She lies that she never loved him until Eddie walks in and tells her that Hennessey is now broke and "in the gutter" just like him. He also tells Hennessey about his idea for Jessie to marry him for money. After Eddie leaves, Hennessey refuses to listen to Jessie's insistence that she loves him until she convinces him that she will stay by him no matter what and that the money from the sale of her jewels will give them a new start. +

Legend
Viewed by AFI
Partially Viewed
Offscreen Credit
Name Occurs Before Title
AFI Life Achievement Award

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The American Film Institute is grateful to Sir Paul Getty KBE and the Sir Paul Getty KBE Estate for their dedication to the art of the moving image and their support for the AFI Catalog of Feature Films and without whose support AFI would not have been able to achieve this historical landmark in this epic scholarly endeavor.