Iron Man (2008)

PG-13 | 126 mins | Adventure | May 2008

THIS TITLE IS OUTSIDE THE AFI CATALOG OF FEATURE FILMS (1893-1993)
You may also like these titles from the AFI Catalog of Feature Films, the most authoritative documentation of the First 100 Years of American filmmaking.
Full page view
HISTORY

The title credit appears in letters that resemble iron or metal. The main closing credits are presented as three-dimensional computer design plans similar to those used by "Tony Stark (Robert Downey, Jr.)" while working with his computer "Jarvis" to design the "Iron Man" suit. The closing credits include written thanks to numerous companies and locations, including the United States Department of Defense, Edwards Air Force Base, Marine Aircraft Group 46, The Boeing Company and MIT.
       After the closing credits, there is a brief epilogue in which Stark returns home to find "Nick Fury (Samuel L. Jackson)," the director of SHIELD, who declares that he must speak with Stark regarding The Avengers. The Avengers are Marvel Comic super heroes who band together to fight evil. The group is featured collectively in a Marvel comic book series, and some members of the group, such as "Captain America," have individual series. News items in 2008 and 2009 reported that a film featuring The Avengers is in pre-production and that several of those characters will appear in future Iron Man sequels.
       he lengthy pre-production history of Iron Man began in the mid-1990s. A 4 Apr 1995 HR news item noted that Iron Man was in development by producers John Langley, Elie Cohen and Steven Chao, with a script by Andrew Chapman. A 5 Dec 1995 HR item noted that Nicholas Cage was interested in portraying Stark. DV reported in a 2 Jun 1998 item that Tom Cruise and Paula Wagner's CW Productions were investigating developing Iron Man with the ...

More Less

The title credit appears in letters that resemble iron or metal. The main closing credits are presented as three-dimensional computer design plans similar to those used by "Tony Stark (Robert Downey, Jr.)" while working with his computer "Jarvis" to design the "Iron Man" suit. The closing credits include written thanks to numerous companies and locations, including the United States Department of Defense, Edwards Air Force Base, Marine Aircraft Group 46, The Boeing Company and MIT.
       After the closing credits, there is a brief epilogue in which Stark returns home to find "Nick Fury (Samuel L. Jackson)," the director of SHIELD, who declares that he must speak with Stark regarding The Avengers. The Avengers are Marvel Comic super heroes who band together to fight evil. The group is featured collectively in a Marvel comic book series, and some members of the group, such as "Captain America," have individual series. News items in 2008 and 2009 reported that a film featuring The Avengers is in pre-production and that several of those characters will appear in future Iron Man sequels.
       he lengthy pre-production history of Iron Man began in the mid-1990s. A 4 Apr 1995 HR news item noted that Iron Man was in development by producers John Langley, Elie Cohen and Steven Chao, with a script by Andrew Chapman. A 5 Dec 1995 HR item noted that Nicholas Cage was interested in portraying Stark. DV reported in a 2 Jun 1998 item that Tom Cruise and Paula Wagner's CW Productions were investigating developing Iron Man with the lead to be played by Cruise. According to a 13 Feb 2003 DV article, New Line Cinema and Don Murphy of Angry Films would be teaming up with Marvel Studios' Avi Arad to adapt the comic book with Spider Man screenwriters Alfred Gough and Miles Millar. A 22 Apr 2004 HR item revealed that X-Men adaptor David Hayter had been hired to do re-writes of the Gough-Millar script. A 30 Nov-6 Dec 2004 HR article stated that Nick Cassavetes was in negotiations to direct Iron Man. A 29 Apr 2005 DV item noted that while Cassavetes remained in negotiations to direct, he was working on rewrites of the Gough-Millar-Hayter script.
       In a 28-30 Apr 2006 HR article it was reported that Jon Favreau had been hired by Marvel Studios to direct Iron Man, based on a script by Arthur Marcum and Matt Holloway. The onscreen writing credits on the released film read: “Mark Fergu & Hawk Ostby and Art Marcum and Matt Holloway.” A 29 Sep 2006 DV item announced that Downey, Jr. had been cast as Stark. A 7 Nov 2006 DV article listed a partial release schedule for summer 2008, which included early openings for Marvel Studios' two productions, The Incredible Hulk, released by Universal, and Iron Man. Downey, Jr. made an unbilled appearance as Stark in The Incredible Hulk.
       Multiple news items and added content on the 2008 DVD release of Iron Man reveal the following information: Rights to the Marvel Comics property created by Stan Lee originally was held by Paramount Studios, which eventually let the project lapse. Both 20th Century-Fox and New Line Cinema became interested in the film before Paramount resumed their connection to the project to become the distributor of the film, which was the first completely funded by Marvel Entertainment. Large portions of the film were shot at the Playa Vista Studios in Los Angeles. Favreau noted that Playa Vista was the vicinity where Howard Hughes, a model for genius tycoon Tony Stark, built his famous airplane, the HK-1 Hercules, better known as the “Spruce Goose.” The party sequence in Iron Man was shot at Walt Disney Hall in downtown Los Angeles. A few of those involved behind-the-scenes on Iron Man also appeared in the film, most notably, director Favreau appearing as “’Happy’ Hogan,” Tony’s chauffeur. Lee, who also co-executive produced the film, appears in a cameo in which Tony mistakes him for Playboy founder and publisher, Hugh Hefner. Another co-executive producer, former child actor Peter Billingsley, plays the small role of “William Riva,” the lead technician in “Sector 16,” who attempts to modify the arc reactor to power the “Iron Monger” suit. Lone Pine, CA stood-in for Afghanistan locations. As indicated in the onscreen credits, portions of the film also were shot at Edwards Air Force Base, CA.
       The film differs from the comic book stories in many ways. Appearing for the first time in the science fiction anthology comic book Tales of Suspense in Apr 1963, the character of Iron Man/Tony Stark was a staunch anti-communist hero gravely injured in a kidnapping during the Vietnam War. As in the film, Stark’s injury required him to have a permanent device attached to his heart to keep him alive. Also similar to the film, the first Iron Man suit developed by Stark while in captivity is metallic gray. The comic series developed a second gold suit before the sleek red and gold armor suit that came to define Iron Man appeared in Dec 1963. Writer Stan Lee used the series to explore Cold War themes, focusing on big business and industry roles in the struggle. In the 1990s, Iron Man’s setting was updated to the Gulf War. In 2003, the setting became Afghanistan, but themes of industry and technology remain at the forefront of the comic series. In the series, “James ‘Rhodey’ Rhodes” is a Marine Corp helicopter pilot, but his rank was changed to an Air Force colonel for the film. In the early comic book series, “Pepper Potts” remained Stark’s secretary and, along with Rhodes, was his confidant regarding his Iron Man identity, but there was no romantic tension as is implied in the film.
       Iron Man 2 film began production in early Apr 2009, with Downey, Jr. and Paltrow and Jackson reprising their roles, but Terence Howard was replaced by Don Cheadle as Rhodes. Mickey Roarke and Scarlett Johansson (as The Avenger’s “Black Widow”) joined the cast for the sequel, which is scheduled for release by Paramount in May 2010. Because Marvel Entertainment was purchased by the Walt Disney Company in Aug 2008, various articles in trade publications have speculated that future Iron Man sequels, as well as films featuring other Marvel characters, may be released under the Disney brand.
       Iron Man was selected by AFI as one of the ten Movies of the Year for 2008. The film was nominated for Academy Awards for Sound Editing and Visual Effects and SAG nominated members of the cast for Outstanding Performance by a Cast in a Motion Picture. Iron Man also was nominated for Visual Effects by the British Academy of Film and Television Arts.

Less

GEOGRAPHIC LOCATIONS
SOURCE CITATIONS
SOURCE
DATE
PAGE
Daily Variety
2 Jun 1998
---
Daily Variety
13 Feb 2003
p. 7, 43
Daily Variety
29 Apr 2005
---
Daily Variety
29 Sep 2006
p. 1, 69
Daily Variety
7 Nov 2007
p. 1, 12
Daily Variety
6 May 2007
p. 1, 16
Hollywood Reporter
4 Apr 1995
p. 1, 151
Hollywood Reporter
5 Dec 1996
---
Hollywood Reporter
18 Sep 2000
p. 1, 30
Hollywood Reporter
22 Apr 2004
p. 5, 20
Hollywood Reporter
30 Nov 2004
p. 1, 79
Hollywood Reporter
28 Apr 2006
p. 1, 27
Hollywood Reporter
14 May 2007
p. 4, 17
Hollywood Reporter
19 Jun 2008
---
Los Angeles Times
5 May 2008
---
Los Angeles Times
9 Apr 2009
p. D2
CAST
NAME
CREDITED AS
CREDIT
+
PRODUCTION CREDITS
NAME
PARENT COMPANY
PRODUCTION COMPANY
PRODUCTION TEXT
A Marvel Studios Production in association with Fairview Entertainment
NAME
CREDITED AS
CREDIT
DIRECTORS
2d unit dir
1st asst dir
1st asst dir, 2d unit
Addl 1st asst dir
2d asst dir
2d asst dir, 2d unit
Addl 2d asst dir
2d 2d asst dir
2d 2d asst dir, 2d unit
Addl 2d 2d asst dir
PRODUCERS
Prod
Assoc prod
Assoc prod
Exec prod
Exec prod
Exec prod
Exec prod
Exec prod
Exec prod
Co-prod
PHOTOGRAPHY
Dir of photog
2d unit dir of photog
Aerial dir of photog
Aerial first asst cam/tech
Addl photog
Steadicam op/Cam op
1st asst cam
1st asst cam, 2d unit
2d asst cam
2d asst cam, 2d unit
Addl 2d asst cam, 2d unit
B-cam op, 2d unit
B-cam 1st asst
B-cam 1st asst, 2d unit
C-cam 1st asst, 2d unit
B-cam 2d asst
B-cam 2d asst, 2d unit
C-cam 2d asst, 2d unit
Cam loader
Cam loader, 2d unit
Cam op, 2d unit
Addl cam op
Addl cam op
Addl cam asst
Addl cam asst
Addl cam asst
Addl cam asst
Addl cam asst
Addl cam asst
Video asst op
Video asst op, 2d unit
Video asst op, 2d unit
Video asst
Video playback
Video playback
Computor & video playback supv
Interactive graphics supv
Gaffer
Gaffer, 2d unit
Best boy set lighting
Best boy set lighting, 2d unit
Fixture tech
Lighting programmer
Dimmer tech
Rigging gaffer
Rigging best boy set lighting
Set lighting tech
Set lighting tech
Set lighting tech
Set lighting tech
Set lighting tech
Set lighting tech
Set lighting tech
Set lighting tech
Set lighting tech
Set lighting tech
Set lighting tech
Set lighting tech
Set lighting tech
Set lighting tech
Set lighting tech
Set lighting tech
Set lighting tech
Set lighting tech
Set lighting tech
Set lighting tech
Set lighting tech
Set lighting tech
Set lighting tech, 2d unit
Set lighting tech, 2d unit
Set lighting tech, 2d unit
Set lighting tech, 2d unit
Set lighting tech, 2d unit
Set lighting tech, 2d unit
Key grip
Key grip, 2d unit
Best boy grip
Best boy grip, 2d unit
Rigging key grip
Rigging best boy grip
Dolly grip
Dolly grip
Dolly grip
Dolly grip, 2d unit
Grip
Grip
Grip, 2d unit
Grip, 2d unit
Grip, 2d unit
Grip, 2d unit
Grip, 2d unit
Stills photog
Lighting and grip equipment supplied by
Camera cranes & dollies by
ART DIRECTORS
Prod des
Supv art dir
Art dir
Art dir
Asst art dir
Illustrator
Illustrator
Illustrator
Storyboard artist
Storyboard artist
Storyboard artist
Storyboard artist
2-D animatrics
Graphic des
Modelmaker
Apprentice illustrator
Art dept coord
Art researcher
FILM EDITORS
Addl ed
Addl ed
Addl ed
1st asst ed
1st asst ed
2d asst ed
Apprentice ed
Apprentice ed
Post prod asst
Post prod asst
SET DECORATORS
Set dec
Asst set dec
Prop master
Propmaster, 2d unit
Asst prop master
Asst propmaster, 2d unit
Property asst
Property asst
Property asst
Leadman
Set dec gang boss
Drapery foreman
On-set dresser
On set dresser, 2d unit
Set dec buyer
Set dresser
Set dresser
Set dresser
Set dresser
Set dresser
Set dresser
Set dresser
Set dresser
Set dresser
Set dresser
Set dresser
Set dresser
Set dresser
Set dresser
Set dresser
Set dresser
Set dresser
Set dresser
Set dresser
Senior lead set des
Set des
Set des
Spec digital set des
Junior set des
Construction coord
General foreman
Paint supv
Supv sculptor
Plaster foreman
Labor foreman
Tool foreman
Propmaker foreman
Propmaker foreman
Propmaker foreman
Propmaker foreman
Propmaker foreman
Propmaker foreman
Propmaker gang boss
Propmaker gang boss
Standby propmaker
Propmaker
Propmaker
Propmaker
Propmaker
Propmaker
Propmaker
Propmaker
Propmaker
Propmaker
Propmaker
Propmaker
Propmaker
Propmaker
Propmaker
Propmaker
Propmaker
Propmaker
Propmaker
Propmaker
Propmaker
Propmaker
Propmaker
Propmaker
Propmaker
Propmaker
Propmaker
Propmaker
Propmaker
Propmaker
Propmaker
Propmaker
Propmaker
Propmaker
Propmaker
Propmaker
Propmaker
Propmaker
Propmaker
Propmaker
Propmaker
Propmaker
Propmaker
Propmaker
Propmaker
Propmaker
Propmaker
Propmaker
Propmaker
Propmaker
Propmaker
Propmaker
Paint foreman
Painter
Painter
Robert Hale
Painter
Painter
Painter
Painter
Painter
Painter
Painter
Painter
Painter
Painter
Standby painter
Standby painter, 2d unit
Sculptor gang boss
Flooring gang boss
Sculptor
Plaster foreman
Plaster foreman
Paint foreman
Plaster gang boss
Plaster gang boss
Plaster gang boss
Plasterer
Plasterer
Labor foreman
Mold maker
Labor foreman
Labor foreman
Laborer
Laborer
Laborer
Laborer
Laborer
Laborer
Laborer
Laborer
Laborer
Laborer
Laborer
Green coord
Greens foreman
Greensman
Greensman
Greensman
COSTUMES
Cost des
Cost supv
Key cost
Key cost, 2d unit
Background cost
Key background cost
Principal set cost
Principal set cost
Cost, 2d unit
Military cost
Pattern maker
Table lady
Table lady
Table lady
Dyer
Ager/dyer
Dyer/Textile artist
Physical Iron Man suits and makeup eff created by
Suit consultant
Digital suit sculpting & des dept, Stan Winston St
Digital suit sculpting & des dept, Stan Winston St
Digital suit sculpting & des dept, Stan Winston St
Digital suit sculpting & des dept, Stan Winston St
Digital suit sculpting & des dept, Stan Winston St
Key art dept, Stan Winston Studio
Key art dept, Stan Winston Studio
Key art dept, Stan Winston Studio
Suit model key coord, Stan Winston Studio
Model dept, Stan Winston Studio
Model dept, Stan Winston Studio
Model dept, Stan Winston Studio
Model dept, Stan Winston Studio
Model dept, Stan Winston Studio
Model dept, Stan Winston Studio
Model dept, Stan Winston Studio
Mold dept, Stan WInston Studio
Mold dept, Stan WInston Studio
Mold dept, Stan WInston Studio
Mold dept, Stan WInston Studio
Mold dept, Stan WInston Studio
Mechanical dept, Stan Winston Studio
Mechanical dept, Stan Winston Studio
Mechanical dept, Stan Winston Studio
Under suit fabrication dept, Stan Winston Studio
Robert Downey Jr.'s suits by
MUSIC
Mus supv
Exec music prod
Addl mus and arr
Atli Örvarsson
Addl mus and arr
Addl mus and arr
Addl mus and arr
Addl mus and arr
Addl electric guitar
Ambient mus des
Score mixed by
at Remote Control Prods, Santa Monica, CA
Score rec
at Air Studios, London UK
Tech score eng
Tech score eng
Tech score engin
Addl rec
Addl rec
Orch contractor
Asst orch contractor
Asst orch contractor
Orch leader
Asst eng
Asst eng
Mus prod serv
Temp mus ed
Mus ed
Mus ed
Mus clearances
Mus coord
Mus coord
SOUND
Sd mixer
Sd mixer, 2d unit
Boom op
Sd utility
Sd utility
Post prod sd services
A Lucasfilm Ltd. Company Marin County, California
Supv sd ed, Skywalker Sound
Sd des/re-rec mixer, Skywalker Sound
Re-rec mixer, Skywalker Sound
Sd eff ed, Skywalker Sound
Sd eff ed, Skywalker Sound
Dial ed, Skywalker Sound
Dial ed, Skywalker Sound
ADR supv, Skywalker Sound
ADR ed, Skywalker Sound
Foley ed, Skywalker Sound
Foley ed, Skywalker Sound
Asst supv sd ed, Skywalker Sound
Sd des, Skywalker Sound
Asst eff ed, Skywalker Sound
Asst dial ed, Skywalker Sound
Asst ADR ed, Skywalker Sound
Foley artist, Skywalker Sound
Foley artist, Skywalker Sound
Foley artist, Skywalker Sound
Foley artist, Skywalker Sound
Foley mixer, Skywalker Sound
Foley mixer, Skywalker Sound
Mix tech, Skywalker Sound
Mix tech, Skywalker Sound
Foley rec, Skywalker Sound
Foley rec, Skywalker Sound
Rec, Skywalker Sound
VISUAL EFFECTS
ILM Visual eff supv
Visual eff supv
Visual eff supv, The Orphanage, Inc.
Addl visual eff supv
FX supv, The Orphanage, Inc.
ILM anim supv
Anim supv, The Orphanage, Inc.
Assoc anim supv, ILM
Visualization/HUD eff supv
Matte painting supv, The Orphanage, Inc.
Physical suit eff supv
Digital prod supv, ILM
Compositing supv, ILM
Compositing supv, The Orphange, Inc.
Compositing supv, The Orphange, Inc.
Compositor, Pixel Liberation Front
Graphic des, Pixel Liberation Front
Digital model supv, ILM
Viewpaint supv, ILM
Creative supv, ILM
CG supv, ILM
CG supv, The Orphanage, Inc.
CG model/Look dev supv, The Orphanage Inc.
CG seg supv, ILM
CG seg supv, ILM
CG seg supv, ILM
CG seg supv, ILM
CG seg supv, ILM
CG seg supv, ILM
CG seg supv, ILM
CG seg supv, ILM
CG seg supv, ILM
CG seg supv, ILM
CG seg supv, ILM
CG seg supv, ILM
CG seg supv, ILM
HUD des supv, The Orphanage, Inc.
Rotoscope supv, The Orphanage, Inc.
Matchman supv, The Orphanage, Inc.
Post prod supv, The Orphanage, Inc.
Visual eff prod
ILM Visual eff prod
Visual eff prod, Pixel Liberation Front
Visual eff prod, The Orphanage, Inc.
Visual eff exec prod, Tata Elxsi VCL
Visual eff exec prod, The Orphanage, Inc.
Visual eff ed
Visual eff ed
Visual eff ed, ILM
Visual eff ed, The Orphanage, Inc.
Visual eff and anim
A Lucas Ltd. Company San Francisco, California
Visual eff/Visualization services provided by
Visual eff by
Visual eff and anim by
Addl visual eff by
Addl visual eff by
Addl visual eff by
Visual eff prod mgr
Visual eff prod mgr, The Orphanage, Inc.
Visual eff prod mgr, The Orphanage, Inc.
Senior prod mgr, ILM
Prod mgr, ILM
Prod mgr, ILM
Ed HD mgr, The Orphanage, Inc.
Shader development, The Orphanage, Inc.
Prod coord, ILM
Prod coord, ILM
Visual eff prod coord, The Orphanage, Inc.
Visual eff art dir
Prod staff, ILM
Prod staff, ILM
Prod staff, ILM
Prod staff, ILM
Visual eff senior coord
Visual eff coord
Visual eff coord
Visual eff coord, Pixel Liberation Front
Visual eff coord, Pixel Liberation Front
Visual eff prod asst, The Orphanage, Inc.
Prod engineer, The Orphanage, Inc.
Visual eff plate coord
Visual eff plate coord
Visual eff staff asst
Visual eff staff asst
Spec eff coord
Spec eff foreman
Spec eff foreman
Spec eff foreman
Spec eff foreman, 2d unit
Spec eff shop foreman
Spec eff purchaser
Spec eff tech
Spec eff tech
Spec eff tech
Spec eff tech
Spec eff tech
Spec eff tech
Spec eff tech
Spec eff tech
Spec eff tech
Spec eff tech
Spec eff tech
Spec eff tech
Spec eff tech
Michael D. Derry
Spec eff tech
Spec eff tech
Spec eff tech
Spec eff tech
Spec eff tech
Spec eff tech
Spec eff tech
Spec eff tech
Spec eff tech
Spec eff tech
Spec eff tech
Spec eff tech
Spec eff tech
Spec eff tech
Spec eff tech
Spec eff tech
Spec eff tech
Spec eff tech
Spec eff tech
Spec eff tech
Spec eff tech
Spec eff tech
Spec eff tech
Spec eff tech
Spec eff tech
Spec eff tech
Spec eff tech
Spec eff tech
Spec eff tech
Spec eff tech
Spec eff tech
Spec eff tech
Digital artist lead, ILM
Digital artist lead, ILM
Digital artist lead, ILM
Lead artist, Pixel Liberation Front
Lead artist, Pixel Liberation Front
Lead artist, Pixel Liberation Front
Lead artist, Pixel Liberation Front
Armorer
Armorer
Armorer
Armorer
Physical Iron Man suits
Anim, ILM
Anim, ILM
Anim, ILM
Anim, ILM
Anim, ILM
Anim, ILM
Anim, ILM
Anim, ILM
Anim, ILM
Anim, ILM
Anim, ILM
Anim, ILM
Anim, ILM
Digital artist, ILM
Digital artist, ILM
Digital artist, ILM
Digital artist, ILM
Digital artist, ILM
Digital artist, ILM
Digital artist, ILM
Digital artist, ILM
Digital artist, ILM
Digital artist, ILM
Digital artist, ILM
Digital artist, ILM
Digital artist, ILM
Digital artist, ILM
Digital artist, ILM
Digital artist, ILM
Digital artist, ILM
Digital artist, ILM
Digital artist, ILM
Digital artist, ILM
Digital artist, ILM
Digital artist, ILM
Digital artist, ILM
Digital artist, ILM
Digital artist, ILM
Digital artist, ILM
Digital artist, ILM
Digital artist, ILM
Digital artist, ILM
Digital artist, ILM
Digital artist, ILM
Digital artist, ILM
Digital artist, ILM
Digital artist, ILM
Digital artist, ILM
Digital artist, ILM
Digital artist, ILM
Digital artist, ILM
Digital artist, ILM
Digital artist, ILM
Digital artist, ILM
Digital artist, ILM
Digital artist, ILM
Digital artist, ILM
Digital artist, ILM
Digital artist, ILM
Digital artist, ILM
Digital artist, ILM
Digital artist, ILM
Digital artist, ILM
Digital artist, ILM
Digital artist, ILM
Digital artist, ILM
Digital artist, ILM
Digital artist, ILM
Digital artist, ILM
Digital artist, ILM
Digital artist, ILM
Digital artist, ILM
Digital artist, ILM
Digital artist, ILM
Digital artist, ILM
Digital artist, ILM
Digital artist, ILM
Digital artist, ILM
Digital artist, ILM
Digital artist, ILM
Digital artist, ILM
Digital artist, ILM
Digital artist, ILM
Digital artist, ILM
Digital artist, ILM
Digital artist, ILM
Digital artist, ILM
Digital artist, ILM
Digital artist, ILM
Digital artist, ILM
Digital artist, ILM
Digital artist, ILM
Digital artist, ILM
Digital artist, ILM
Digital artist, ILM
Digital artist, ILM
Digital artist, ILM
Digital artist, ILM
Digital artist, ILM
Digital artist, ILM
Digital artist, ILM
Digital artist, ILM
Digital artist, ILM
Digital artist, ILM
Digital artist, ILM
Digital artist, ILM
Digital artist, ILM
Digital artist, ILM
Digital artist, ILM
Digital artist, ILM
Digital artist, ILM
Digital artist, ILM
Digital artist, ILM
Tech artist, Pixel Liberation Front
Artist, Pixel Liberation Front
Artist, Pixel Liberation Front
Artist, Pixel Liberation Front
Artist, Pixel Liberation Front
Artist, Pixel Liberation Front
Artist, Pixel Liberation Front
Artist, Pixel Liberation Front
Artist, Pixel Liberation Front
Artist, Pixel Liberation Front
Visual eff, The Embassy
Visual eff, The Embassy
Visual eff, The Embassy
Visual eff, The Embassy
Visual eff, The Embassy
Visual eff, The Embassy
Visual eff, The Embassy
Visual eff, The Embassy
Visual eff, The Embassy
Visual eff, The Embassy
Visual eff, The Embassy
Visual eff, The Embassy
Visual eff, The Embassy
Visual eff, The Embassy
Visual eff, The Embassy
Addl visual eff, CAFEFX
Addl visual eff, CAFEFX
Addl visual eff, CAFEFX
Addl visual eff, CAFEFX
Addl visual eff, CAFEFX
Addl visual eff, CAFEFX
Addl visual eff, CAFEFX
Addl visual eff, CAFEFX
Addl visual eff, CAFEFX
Addl visual eff, CAFEFX
Computer graphic artist, The Orphanage, Inc.
Computer graphic artist, The Orphanage, Inc.
Computer graphic artist, The Orphanage, Inc.
Computer graphic artist, The Orphanage, Inc.
Computer graphic artist, The Orphanage, Inc.
Computer graphic artist, The Orphanage, Inc.
Computer graphic artist, The Orphanage, Inc.
Computer graphic artist, The Orphanage, Inc.
Computer graphic artist, The Orphanage, Inc.
Computer graphic artist, The Orphanage, Inc.
Computer graphic artist, The Orphanage, Inc.
Computer graphic artist, The Orphanage, Inc.
Computer graphic artist, The Orphanage, Inc.
Computer graphic artist, The Orphanage, Inc.
Computer graphic artist, The Orphanage, Inc.
Computer graphic artist, The Orphanage, Inc.
Computer graphic artist, The Orphanage, Inc.
Computer graphic artist, The Orphanage, Inc.
Computer graphic artist, The Orphanage, Inc.
Computer graphic artist, The Orphanage, Inc.
Computer graphic artist, The Orphanage, Inc.
Computer graphic artist, The Orphanage, Inc.
Computer graphic artist, The Orphanage, Inc.
Computer graphic artist, The Orphanage, Inc.
Computer graphic artist, The Orphanage, Inc.
Computer graphic artist, The Orphanage, Inc.
Computer graphic artist, The Orphanage, Inc.
Computer graphic artist, The Orphanage, Inc.
Computer graphic artist, The Orphanage, Inc.
Computer graphic artist, The Orphanage, Inc.
Computer graphic artist, The Orphanage, Inc.
Computer graphic artist, The Orphanage, Inc.
Computer graphic artist, The Orphanage, Inc.
Computer graphic artist, The Orphanage, Inc.
Computer graphic artist, The Orphanage, Inc.
Computer graphic artist, The Orphanage, Inc.
Computer graphic artist, The Orphanage, Inc.
Computer graphic artist, The Orphanage, Inc.
Computer graphic artist, The Orphanage, Inc.
Computer graphic artist, The Orphanage, Inc.
Computer graphic artist, The Orphanage, Inc.
Computer graphic artist, The Orphanage, Inc.
Computer graphic artist, The Orphanage, Inc.
Computer graphic artist, The Orphanage, Inc.
Computer graphic artist, The Orphanage, Inc.
Computer graphic artist, The Orphanage, Inc.
Computer graphic artist, The Orphanage, Inc.
Computer graphic artist, The Orphanage, Inc.
Computer graphic artist, The Orphanage, Inc.
Computer graphic artist, The Orphanage, Inc.
Creative and tech support, ILM
Creative and tech support, ILM
Creative and tech support, ILM
Creative and tech support, ILM
Creative and tech support, ILM
Creative and tech support, ILM
Creative and tech support, ILM
Creative and tech support, ILM
Creative and tech support, ILM
Creative and tech support, ILM
Creative and tech support, ILM
Creative and tech support, ILM
Creative and tech support, ILM
Creative and tech support, ILM
Creative and tech support, ILM
Creative and tech support, ILM
Creative and tech support, ILM
Creative and tech support, ILM
Digital artist, ILM
Tech support, The Orphanage, Inc.
Tech support, The Orphanage, Inc.
Tech support, The Orphanage, Inc.
Tech support, The Orphanage, Inc.
Tech support, The Orphanage, Inc.
Tech support, The Orphanage, Inc.
Tech support, The Orphanage, Inc.
Tech support, The Orphanage, Inc.
Tech support, The Orphanage, Inc.
Tech support, The Orphanage, Inc.
Res & development, ILM
Res & development, ILM
Res & development, ILM
Res & development, ILM
Res & development, ILM
Res & development, ILM
Addl digital support provided by
Addl digital support, Tata Elxsi VCL
Addl digital support, Tata Elxsi VCL
Addl digital support, Tata Elxsi VCL
Senior staff, Tata Elxsi VCL
Senior staff, Tata Elxsi VCL
Senior staff, Tata Elxsi VCL
Senior staff, Tata Elxsi VCL
Senior staff, Tata Elxsi VCL
Senior staff, Tata Elxsi VCL
Miniature eff & photog
Miniature eff & photog, New Deal Studios, Inc.
Miniature eff & photog, New Deal Studios, Inc.
Miniature eff & photog, New Deal Studios, Inc.
Miniature eff & photog, New Deal Studios, Inc.
Miniature eff & photog, New Deal Studios, Inc.
Miniature eff & photog, New Deal Studios, Inc.
Miniature eff & photog, New Deal Studios, Inc.
Miniature eff & photog, New Deal Studios, Inc.
Miniature eff & photog, New Deal Studios, Inc.
Miniature eff & photog, New Deal Studios, Inc.
Main titles, Visual eff and Apogee Award seq by
End titles by
MAKEUP
Deborah Lamia Denaver
Dept head makeup
Makeup head, 2d unit
Key makeup artist
Key makeup artist, 2d unit
Makeup artist to Ms. Paltrow
Makeup artist
Makeup artist
Makeup artist
Dept head hair
Key hair/Stylist to Ms. Paltrow
Key hair stylist
Key hairstylist, 2d unit
Hairstylist
Hairstylist
Hairstylist
Hairstylist, 2d unit
PRODUCTION MISC
Casting
Casting assoc
Casting asst
Background casting
Background casting
Background casting
Unit prod mgr
Unit prod mgr
Exec in charge of prod
Prod supv
Prod supv
Exec in-charge of post prod
Post prod supv
Helicopter pilot
Pilot
Aerial safety coord
Ground safety coord
Puppeteer
Puppeteer
Puppeteer
Puppeteer
Exec in charge of legal affairs
Prod attorney
2d unit co-coord
Studio co-admin
Libra head tech
Libra head tech
Technocrane tech
Technocrane tech
Technocrane tech
Contract admin
Script clearances
Exec in charge of finance
Exec in charge of feature estimating
Exec in charge of co-promotions
Security consultant
Marvel creative committee
Marvel creative committee
Marvel creative committee
Marvel creative committee
Marvel creative committee
Prod coord
Prod coord, 2d unit
Asst prod coord
Asst prod coord
Asst prod coord, 2d unit
Prod secy
Prod accountant
Key 1st asst accountant
Addl 1st asst accountant
Addl 1st asst accountant
Payroll accountant
Payroll accountant
2d asst accountant
2d asst accountant
2d asst accountant
2d asst accountant
Const accountant
Post accounting
Visual eff accountant
Payroll clerk
Accounting clerk
Loc mgr
Loc mgr
Key asst loc mgr
Key asst loc mgr
Key asst loc mgr
Key asst loc mgr
Key asst loc mgr
Asst loc mgr
Asst loc mgr
Addl loc mgr
On-set background wrangler
Unit pub
Research asst
Key prod asst
Prod asst
Prod asst
Prod asst
Prod asst
Prod asst
Prod asst
Prod asst
Prod asst
Prod asst
Prod asst
Prod asst
Prod asst
Prod asst
Prod asst
Prod asst
Prod asst
Prod asst
Security asst
Security asst
Security asst
Security asst
Security asst
Security asst
Security asst
Security asst
Security asst
Asst to Mr. Favreau
Asst to Mr. Avi Arad
Asst to Mr. Feige
Asst to Mr. D'Esposito
Asst to Mr. Billingsley
Asst to Mr. Fanger
Asst to Mr. Finick & Mr. Davis
Asst to Mr. Downey Jr.
Asst to Mr. Downey Jr.
Asst to Mr. Howard
Asst to Mr. Bridges
Asst to Mr. Bridges
Asst to Ms. Paltrow
Asst to Mr. Libatique
Asst to Mr. Djawadi
Asst to Mr. Djawadi
Spec asst to prod
Staff asst, 2d unit
Staff asst, 2d unit
Staff asst, 2d unit
Staff asst, 2d unit
Staff asst, 2d unit
Staff asst, 2d unit
Staff asst, 2d unit
Staff asst, 2d unit
Staff asst, 2d unit
Staff asst, 2d unit
Staff asst, 2d unit
Trainer to Mr. Downy Jr.
Set medic
Set medic, 2d unit
Const/Rigging medic
Const/Rigging medic
Const/Rigging medic
Const/Rigging medic
Const/Rigging medic
Craft service lead
Key craft service, 2d unit
Craft services
Craft services
Craft services
Craft service, 2d unit
Craft service, 2d unit
Transportation coord
Transporation capt
Transportation capt, 2d unit
Picture car coord
Dispatcher
Driver
Driver
Driver
Driver
Driver
Driver
Driver
Driver
Driver
Driver
Driver
Driver
Driver
Driver
Driver
Driver
Driver
Driver
Driver
Driver
Driver
Driver
Driver
Driver
Driver
Driver
Driver
Driver
Driver
Driver
Driver
Driver
Driver
Driver
Driver
Driver
Driver
Driver
Driver
Driver
Driver
Driver
Driver
Driver
Driver
Driver
Driver
Driver
Driver
Driver
Mechanic
Mechanic
Chef
Catering staff
Catering staff
Product placement
Projectionist
U.S. Dept of Defense liaison
U.S. Air Force project officer
U.S. Air Force project officer
Military adv
Futurist/Science & Technology adv
Translator
Animals by
Safety consultant
Scr supv, 2d unit
Completion guaranty provided
Prod Financing provided by
Prod Financing provided by
Prod Financing provided by
STAND INS
Stunt coord, 2d unit
Aerial stunt coord
2d unit stunt coord
Iron Man stunt double
Iron Man stunt double
Iron Man stunt double
Iron Man stunt double
Obadiah Stane stunt double
Obadiah Stane stunt double
Tony Stark stunt double
Pepper Potts stunt double
Rhodey stunt double
Lead stunt rigger
Aerial stunt rigger
Aerial stunt rigger
Stunt rigger
Stunt rigger
Stunt rigger
Stunt rigger
Stunt rigger
Stunt rigger
Stunt rigger
Stunt rigger
Utility stunts
Utility stunts
Utility stunts
Utility stunts
Utility stunts
Utility stunts
Utility stunts
Utility stunts
Utility stunts
Utility stunts
Utility stunts
Utility stunts
Utility stunts
Utility stunts
Utility stunts
Utility stunts
Utility stunts
Utility stunts
Utility stunts
Utility stunts
Utility stunts
Utility stunts
Utility stunts
Utility stunts
Utility stunts
Utility stunts
Utility stunts
Utility stunts
Utility stunts
Utility stunts
Utility stunts
Utility stunts
Utility stunts
Utility stunts
Utility stunts
Utility stunts
Utility stunts
Utility stunts
Utility stunts
Utility stunts
Utility stunts
Utility stunts
Utility stunts
Utility stunts
Utility stunts
Utility stunts
Utility stunts
Utility stunts
Utility stunts
Utility stunts
Utility stunts
Utility stunts
Utility stunts
Utility stunts
Utility stunts
Utility stunts
Utility stunts
Utility stunts
Utility stunts
Utility stunts
Utility stunts
Utility stunts
Utility stunts
Utility stunts
Utility stunts
Utility stunts
Utility stunts
Utility stunts
Utility stunts
Utility stunts
Utility stunts
Utility stunts
Utility stunts
Utility stunts
Utility stunts
Utility stunts
Utility stunts
Utility stunts
Utility stunts
Utility stunts
Utility stunts
Stand-in to Mr. Downy Jr.
Stand-in to Mr. Howard
Stand-in to Ms. Paltrow
COLOR PERSONNEL
Digital Intermediate
Ed, EFILM
Prod, EFILM
Colorist artist, EFILM
Supv digital colorist, EFILM
Col timer
SOURCES
LITERARY
Based on the Marvel comic book Iron Man by Stan Lee, Don Heck, Larry Lieber and Jack Kirby (New York, 1963).
LITERARY SOURCE AUTHORS
+
LITERARY SOURCE AUTHORS
+
MUSIC
Concerto in C Major for piano and orchestra: "Larghetto" by Antonio Salieri, performed by Ramin Djawadi.
SONGS
“Back in Black,” written by Brian Johnson, Malcolm Young and Angus Young, performed by AC/DC, courtesy of Columbia Records by arrangement with SONY BMG Music Entertainment; “Damn Kid,” written by Ali Theodore, Zach Danziger and Vincent Alfieri, performed by DJ Boborobo courtesy of Dee Town Entertainment; “Iron Man (Theme from the animated series)” composed by Jack Urbont, performed by John O’Brien and Rick Boston; “Institutionalized,” written by Louiche Mayorga and Mike Muir, performed by Suicidal Tendencies courtesy of Frontier Records; “Slept on Tony with Dirt,” written by Dennis Coles, performed by Ghostface Killah courtesy of the Island Def Jam Music Group under license from Universal Music Enterprises; “Groovetronic,” written and performed by Terry Devine-King, courtesy of Non Stop; “Kool Katz,” written and performed by Chucho Merchan courtesy of Extreme Music; “Licorice,” written and performed by Emanuel Kallins and Steve Skinner courtesy of FirstCom; “Iron Man,” written by John Osbourne, Tony Iommi, Terence Butler and William Ward, performed by Black Sabbath courtesy of Black Sabbath under license from Downlane Limited.
SONGWRITERS/COMPOSERS
+
DETAILS
Release Date:
May 2008
Production Date:
began 12 Mar 2007
Copyright Info
Claimant
Date
Copyright Number
MVL Film Finance LLC
30 April 2008
PA1596370
Physical Properties:
Sound
Dolby Digital; dts Digital Sound; SDDS Synamic Digital Sound in selected theatres
Color
Widescreen/ratio
Panavision
Lenses/Prints
deluxe; Fotokem
Duration(in mins):
126
MPAA Rating:
PG-13
Country:
United States
Language:
English
PCA No:
44328
SYNOPSIS

In Afghanistan’s Kunar province, an American military convoy escorting weapons manufacturing tycoon Tony Stark, son of deceased weapons developer Howard Stark, comes under attack, leaving the industrialist seriously wounded by shrapnel in his chest. Thirty-six hours earlier, in Las Vegas, Tony, a suma cum laude M.I.T. graduate, computer genius and brilliant designer-technician, is to receive an honorary award for Stark Industries’ work in advanced robotic weaponry. When Tony does not appear to receive the award, it is accepted by his father’s, and now Tony’s, business partner, Obadiah “Obie” Stane. Locating Tony at the craps table with several attractive women, Tony’s close friend, Air Force colonel James “Rhodey” Rhodes unsuccessfully urges him to ready himself for the upcoming Middle East trip. Later, after reporter Christine Everhart accuses Tony of taking pleasure in being a “merchant of death,” Tony flies her back to his lavish, modern mansion in the Malibu Hills outside Los Angeles, where they have sex. The next morning, Tony’s faithful assistant, Pepper Potts, finds him tinkering with one of his many sports cars in his expansive basement workshop, and reminds him that he must fly to Afghanistan to demonstrate the new Stark Industries Jericho missile to a military committee. In Afghanistan after the attack on the convoy, Tony awakens in a cave attached to a car battery that powers an electro magnet inside his chest to prevent the last bits of shrapnel from piercing his heart. He learns that the mechanism was devised and implanted by fellow captor Dr. Ho Yinsen, who explains that he and Tony are being held by a group of Afghan insurgents known as the Ten Rings. When the group’s commander, Abu Bakaar, demands ...

More Less

In Afghanistan’s Kunar province, an American military convoy escorting weapons manufacturing tycoon Tony Stark, son of deceased weapons developer Howard Stark, comes under attack, leaving the industrialist seriously wounded by shrapnel in his chest. Thirty-six hours earlier, in Las Vegas, Tony, a suma cum laude M.I.T. graduate, computer genius and brilliant designer-technician, is to receive an honorary award for Stark Industries’ work in advanced robotic weaponry. When Tony does not appear to receive the award, it is accepted by his father’s, and now Tony’s, business partner, Obadiah “Obie” Stane. Locating Tony at the craps table with several attractive women, Tony’s close friend, Air Force colonel James “Rhodey” Rhodes unsuccessfully urges him to ready himself for the upcoming Middle East trip. Later, after reporter Christine Everhart accuses Tony of taking pleasure in being a “merchant of death,” Tony flies her back to his lavish, modern mansion in the Malibu Hills outside Los Angeles, where they have sex. The next morning, Tony’s faithful assistant, Pepper Potts, finds him tinkering with one of his many sports cars in his expansive basement workshop, and reminds him that he must fly to Afghanistan to demonstrate the new Stark Industries Jericho missile to a military committee. In Afghanistan after the attack on the convoy, Tony awakens in a cave attached to a car battery that powers an electro magnet inside his chest to prevent the last bits of shrapnel from piercing his heart. He learns that the mechanism was devised and implanted by fellow captor Dr. Ho Yinsen, who explains that he and Tony are being held by a group of Afghan insurgents known as the Ten Rings. When the group’s commander, Abu Bakaar, demands that Tony recreate the potent Jericho missile using the vast arsenal of Stark Industries weaponry they have compiled, Tony refuses and is tortured. Later, after a hostage video of Tony is made for the news media, he then agrees to construct the missile with the stipulation that Yinsen assist him. Although the insurgents watch Tony and Yinsen work via cameras, they are unaware that Tony is creating a hand-sized three giga-jewel version of an arc reactor, which will power the electro-magnet in his chest indefinitely. Tony then secretly shows Yinsen plans that he has drawn up for a spectacular metal suit constructed from the armaments, which have fire power and sophisticated alloys that will protect him during a breakout. Having been provided with computers to assist in his work, Tony also designs a software program that will allow him to control the suit’s weaponry and flight controls. Over the next three months, the pair works on the suit until Raza, the leader of the Ten Rings, grows suspicious of the oddly shaped metal parts and demands that Tony complete the Jericho by the following day. Forced to move up his escape attempt before the suit is tested, Tony dons the metal ensemble with Yinsen’s help and breaks out of the cave, easily destroying his opponents as the suit deflects their firepower. After Yinsen sacrifices himself to buy him time, Tony gains access to the courtyard and blows up the munitions dump before activating the suit to launch himself out into the desert. As he crashes into the sand, the suit absorbs the impact and breaks apart, leaving Tony stumbling through the desert until he is picked up by an American military rescue party led by Rhodey. Welcomed back home by a jubilant Obie and relieved Pepper, Tony holds a press conference to announce that his experience has prompted him to have serious misgivings about his munitions work. Tony then shocks the press and Obie by declaring that he has more to offer the world than destruction and announcing that he is shutting down Stark Industries weapons manufacturing immediately. Afterward, Obie pleads with Tony to accept that they are practical “iron mongers,” and although he scoffs at Tony’s plan to further develop arc reactor technology, he asks to see the mini reactor embedded in Tony’s chest. A few days later, having made a more sophisticated version of the mini reactor, Tony asks the uncomfortable Pepper to help switch out the earlier model in his chest. Meanwhile, in the Afghan desert, Raza and his men collect the remains of Tony’s metal suit and attempt to reconstruct it. Over the next several weeks, except for sporadic visits by Pepper, Tony remains alone in his shop where, with his ultra-sophisticated computer, nicknamed Jarvis, and various robot assistants, he develops a sleeker model of the metal suit. After several practice attempts at using the rockets’ thrusters, Tony dons the suit and, with Jarvis’ program in the helmet to guide him, takes a test flight over Los Angeles and Santa Monica. Later, back in his shop, Tony is amused when Pepper, pleased by his change of heart regarding munitions, presents him with the original mini arc reactor, in a special, engraved glass case. One evening, Tony attends the opening of a benefit party bearing his name, and is approached by Agent Philip Coulson from the Strategic Homeland Intervention Enforcement and Logistics Division, SHIELD, who asks to debrief Tony on his kidnapping. Distracted by the sight of an elegantly attired Pepper, Tony leaves Coulson to ask Pepper to dance. Startled, Pepper grows uncomfortable during their dance and explains that Tony’s well-known playboy reputation will undermine her credibility with their business associates if she is seen in an intimate situation with him. At the bar, Tony runs into Christine, who demands an explanation for Stark Industries’ involvement in the recent insurgent attack on the Afghan village of Gulmira. Recalling that Gulmira was Yinsen’s home town, as well as being near where they were held hostage, Tony returns to his shop to make some final tests on the suit, then dons it to fly in it to Afghanistan. Tony arrives in Gulmira in time to intervene in an attack by Abu Bakaar and the Ten Rings, and afterward destroys another arsenal filled with Stark Industries weapons. On his return flight, Tony is tracked by personnel at the American Military Combined Air and Space Center, who declare him an unidentified “bogey” and send two F-22 jets to intercept him. Evading the jets, Tony hides by clinging to the underside of one plane’s fuselage and contacts Rhodey at the center to explain that he is the bogey. Meanwhile, as he spots the strange object, the pilot spins his craft, which flings Tony into the other jet. However, by doing so, he destroys the wing of the other craft, thus forcing Tony to rescue its pilot. Hastily flying away into the clouds afterward, Tony instructs Rhodey to tell the military and the press that the mishap was a training exercise. After hearing Rhodey’s news announcement, a suspicious Obie flies to Afghanistan and meets with Raza, who he had secretly hired to kidnap and kill Tony. When Raza shows Obie the original, partially reconstructed suit, Obie is pleased. Moments later, using a device developed by Stark Industries, Obie temporary paralyzes Raza, so that Obie’s guards can kill Raza’s men and take the suit. Back in California, Obie orders the suit taken to a secret section of Stark Industries labs, Sector 16, and orders technicians to complete work on its power source. Meanwhile, disturbed by the amount of Stark weaponry in Gulmira, Tony asks Pepper to hack into the company’s mainframe to find the shipping manifestos that will pinpoint illegal weapons shipments. Distressed that’s Tony’s actions will likely lead to his own demise, Pepper resigns, but reconsiders when Tony explains that he has come to realize that he survived the convoy attack for a reason and must do what is right. When Pepper goes to his office to search for the secret files, she discovers that Sector 16 has been activated, and also finds the insurgent kidnapping video that reveals that Obie hired Raza. Although nearly caught by Obie, Pepper gets away with the files, then meets Agent Coulson. Realizing that his secret files have been compromised, Obie rushes to Sector 16 to demand the suit, but the lead technician admits that they are unable to recreate a small enough power reactor. Obie then hastens to Tony’s home where, after stunning Tony with the paralyzing device, he rips out the mini arc reactor in his chest, then flees. Alarmed when she is unable to contact Tony, Pepper calls Rhodey, who reaches the house and finds Tony recovering after crawling to the glass encased original reactor that he then reinstalled in his chest. Later, Pepper takes Coulson and his agents to Sector 16, Tony dons his suit, despite warnings from Jarvis that the original reactor does not have the proper strength to run it. Meanwhile Obie powers up and enters the vast, reconstructed “iron monger” suit to fight off the agents. He is about to kill Pepper when Tony arrives in his lighter, smaller suit. Stimulated by the power of his suit, Obie viciously attacks Tony, initiating a ferocious battle in and over Los Angeles, before ending up on the roof of Stark Industries. Knowing that he cannot defeat Obie with a suit powered by the weaker, fading reactor, Tony orders Pepper to overload the giant arc reactor in the lab to destroy everything on the building’s roof. Although afraid that she will harm Tony as well, Pepper complies, and as Tony topples down into the lab and is caught on a ceiling girder, Obie is killed by the reactor explosion. Before a news conference the following morning, while Pepper tends to Tony’s multiple scrapes and bruises, Coulson tells him that SHIELD has provided a cover story placing Tony on an exotic island during the “accident” at Stark Industries. The story will also report that Obie was killed unexpectedly in a private plane crash. Amused that the newspapers dub the flying suit “Iron Man,” Tony is skeptical that the public will accept the story that it is a robotic guard for the company. Following Rhodey’s announcement, Tony addresses the press and states, to their confusion, that Iron Man is not a super hero. After a brief pause, Tony stuns everyone by announcing that he is Iron Man.

Less

Legend
Viewed by AFI
Partially Viewed
Offscreen Credit
Name Occurs Before Title
AFI Life Achievement Award
The American Film Institute is grateful to Sir Paul Getty KBE and the Sir Paul Getty KBE Estate for their dedication to the art of the moving image and their support for the AFI Catalog of Feature Films and without whose support AFI would not have been able to achieve this historical landmark in this epic scholarly endeavor.