Army of Darkness (1993)

R | 102 mins | Adventure, Comedy, Horror | 19 February 1993

Full page view
HISTORY

       The film begins with the voice-over narration: “My name is Ash, and I am a slave. Close as I can figure it, the year is 1300 A.D., and I am being dragged to my death. Wasn’t always like this. I had a real life, once. A job. I had a wonderful girl friend, Linda. Together we drove to a small cabin in the mountains. It seems an archeologist had come to this remote place to translate and study his latest find, Nectomonicon Ex-Mortis: The Book of the Dead. Bound in human flesh and inked in blood, this ancient Sumerian text contained bizarre burial rights, funerary incantations, and demon resurrection passages. It was never meant for the world of the living. The book awoke something dark in the woods. It took Linda, and then it came for me. It got into my hand and went bad, so I lopped it off at the wrist. That didn’t stop it. It came back, big time.”
       According to 21 May 1991 HR production charts, principal photography on the third installment in the Evil Dead series, Army of Darkness, began one day earlier, on 20 May 1991, in Southern CA. Production notes in AMPAS library files reported that filming of interiors began in Hollywood, CA, for two weeks, before the production moved to Acton, CA, for five weeks’ location work in the desert, where a medieval castle was constructed “in sections.” In Apr 1993, Pulse! stated that production continued to be underway as late as Aug 1991, but ... More Less

       The film begins with the voice-over narration: “My name is Ash, and I am a slave. Close as I can figure it, the year is 1300 A.D., and I am being dragged to my death. Wasn’t always like this. I had a real life, once. A job. I had a wonderful girl friend, Linda. Together we drove to a small cabin in the mountains. It seems an archeologist had come to this remote place to translate and study his latest find, Nectomonicon Ex-Mortis: The Book of the Dead. Bound in human flesh and inked in blood, this ancient Sumerian text contained bizarre burial rights, funerary incantations, and demon resurrection passages. It was never meant for the world of the living. The book awoke something dark in the woods. It took Linda, and then it came for me. It got into my hand and went bad, so I lopped it off at the wrist. That didn’t stop it. It came back, big time.”
       According to 21 May 1991 HR production charts, principal photography on the third installment in the Evil Dead series, Army of Darkness, began one day earlier, on 20 May 1991, in Southern CA. Production notes in AMPAS library files reported that filming of interiors began in Hollywood, CA, for two weeks, before the production moved to Acton, CA, for five weeks’ location work in the desert, where a medieval castle was constructed “in sections.” In Apr 1993, Pulse! stated that production continued to be underway as late as Aug 1991, but a 15 Feb 1992 LAT article reported that the picture was planned for a May 1992 end date, even though Universal was pushing for a 27 Mar 1992 deadline.
       As noted in Pulse!, Army of Darkness marked writer-director Sam Raimi’s second effort for a major studio, as Darkman (1990, see entry) and Army of Darkness were both included in a distribution deal with Universal Pictures. According to producer and Raimi-collaborator Robert Tapert, Universal imposed restrictions on Raimi’s penchant for extreme gore and violence; the studio required him to tone down the “weirder elements” of Darkman and insisted he change the working title of the third Evil Dead installment from Medieval Dead, which evoked the first two films in the series, to Army of Darkness. Although a 24 Oct 1991 HR news item stated that the picture would be titled Army of Darkness: Evil Dead 3 in foreign release, the 19 Oct 1992 Var review also listed the extended title. Furthering its efforts to distance Army of Darkness from the previous Evil Dead installments, Universal financed a second round of editing “to strengthen the film’s flow” and to reshoot a new, “mainstream” ending, since the original finale was considered “too bleak.”
       Pulse! also noted that Dino DeLaurentiis secured a $12 million budget for Army of Darkness while Darkman remained in development at Universal. DeLaurentiis had previously financed Evil Dead 2 Dead By Dawn on condition that filmmakers delivered an R-rated picture; however, he ultimately agreed to release it uncut and unrated, leaving Tapert and Raimi eager to work with him on Army of Darkness. Pulse! added that the filmmakers augmented the budget by investing “huge portions of their salaries.” The production used older, cost-effective special effects technologies, such as blue screen, miniatures, mechanical effects, stop motion animation, and a motion control matting technique called Introvision which allowed full-sized actors to be inserted in miniature sets while maintaining full camera mobility. A 9 Jun 1992 HR article reported that the use of Introvision in Army of Darkness marked a “milestone” for the visual effects company, which created a record number of over 500 effects shot for the picture at the cost of $2 million.
       As stated in Pulse!, the 15 Feb 1992 LAT, and the 18 Feb 1992 DV, the production and release for Army of Darkness was delayed by a lawsuit concerning distribution rights for a Silence of the Lambs (1991, see entry) sequel, initiated by DeLaurentiis against Universal Pictures on 14 Feb 1992,. DeLaurentiis objected to Universal’s contention that he had orally agreed to hand over distribution rights to the Silence of the Lambs sequel “in exchange for concessions on distribution” for Army of Darkness. The lawsuit claimed that Universal had leveraged control over the release of Army of Darkness as “blackmail” to secure ownership of the Silence of the Lambs sequel rights. According to DV, Universal claimed that the oral agreement with DeLaurentiis was a two-picture deal, including Army of Darkness and the Silence of the Lambs sequel. DeLaurentiis stated that the studio instigated a financial crisis for him by demanding an unfeasibly early completion date for Army of Darkness, 27 Mar 1992, knowing that he stood to lose $13 million in financing for Army of Darkness that was loaned by “a major bank.” Universal then offered to “resolve” the problem in exchange for co-production and distribution rights to the Silence of the Lambs sequel. DeLaurentiis also stated that the Army of Darkness production was further postponed by Universal’s demand for script changes. A 20 Apr 1992 HR article reported that Universal had responded to DeLaurentiis’ charges by filing a $25 million countersuit, denying his complaints and arguing that he failed to complete Army of Darkness on time, and in compliance with “an approved screenplay.” A hearing was scheduled for 14 May 1992.
       On 2 Sep 1992, LAT announced that Universal and DeLaurentiis had agreed to a settlement. Universal was entitled to “preferred negotiation standing to bid on domestic distribution rights” to the Silence of the Lambs sequel on condition that it “pay in full for delivery” of Army of Darkness. This compensation included “half of the $12.7 million ‘Army’ budget” as well as “an additional sum.” A sequel to The Silence of the Lambs was released in 2001 as Hannibal (see entry), a joint production between Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Pictures, Inc., Universal Pictures, and Dino DeLaurentiis.
       A 6 Nov 1992 HR brief reported that the Motion Picture Association of America (MPAA) had sustained an R-rating for Army of Darkness, despite an appeal by Raimi issued 5 Nov 1992. At that time, release was scheduled for 8 Jan 1993, but the opening was delayed until 19 Feb 1993.

      End credits include the following location information: “ Army of Darkness, the ultimate experience in medieval horror, was filmed in Acton, California and Hollywood, U.S.A.” Also included are the acknowledgements: “Producers wish to give special thanks to: the California State Film Commission, the City of Los Angeles.” The film is dedicated “In remembrance of Irvin Shapiro.” End credits note that “clips from Evil Dead II © 1987 Rosebud Releasing Corporation through the courtesy of the Paravision International Group.”
More Less

SOURCE CITATIONS
SOURCE
DATE
PAGE
Daily Variety
18 Feb 1992.
---
Daily Variety
27 Oct 1992.
---
Hollywood Reporter
21 May 1991.
---
Hollywood Reporter
24 Oct 1991.
---
Hollywood Reporter
20 Apr 1992
p. 3, 23.
Hollywood Reporter
9 Jun 1992.
---
Hollywood Reporter
6 Nov 1992.
---
Hollywood Reporter
19 Feb 1993
p. 10, 44.
Los Angeles Times
15 Feb 1992
Section D, pp. 1-2.
Los Angeles Times
19 Feb 1993
p. 8.
Los Angeles Times
2 Sep 1992.
---
New York Times
19 Feb 1993
p. 10.
Pulse!
Apr 1993
pp. 65-66.
Variety
19 Oct 1992
p. 160.
CAST
PRODUCTION CREDITS
NAME
PARENT COMPANY
NAME
CREDITED AS
CREDIT
DIRECTORS
Dir
2d unit dir
Unit prod mgr
1st asst dir
2d asst dir
2d 2d asst dir
2d unit asst dir
WRITERS
Wrt
PHOTOGRAPHY
Dir of photog
2d unit dir of photog
2d unit photog
2d unit photog
1st asst cam
1st asst cam
2d unit 1st asst cam
2d asst cam
Loader
Cam tech
Cam tech
Cam tech
Cam tech
Cam tech
Asst, cam
Asst, cam
Still photog
Video playback op
Gaffer
Gaffer
2d unit gaffer
Gaffer, Stage crew
Gaffer, Stage crew
Best boy elec
Elec
Musco lighting tech
Musco lighting tech
Key grip
2d unit key grip
Key grip, Stage crew
Best boy grip
Dolly grip
Dolly grip
Grip
Grip
Cam systems by
Grip & elec equip by
Film processing by
ART DIRECTORS
Prod des
Art dir
Asst art dir
Draftsman
Storyboard artist
Storyboard artist
Storyboard artist
FILM EDITORS
Ed supv
1st asst ed
2d asst ed
Asst ed
Ed prod asst
Ed computer system
EMC₂ Systems provided by
EMC₂ asst
EMC₂ asst
Post prod supv
Negative cutter
Ed supv
Asst, Ed
SET DECORATORS
Const coord
Const foreman
Lead scenic
Scenic
Scenic
Scenic
Scenic
Stand-by scenic
Carpenter
Carpenter
Carpenter
Carpenter
Carpenter
Carpenter
Carpenter
Carpenter
Carpenter
Stand-by carpenter
Stand-by carpenter
Set dec
Leadman
On-set dresser
On-set dresser
Swing gang
Swing gang
Swing gang
Swing gang
Swing gang
Prop master
Asst prop master
Asst props
Asst props
On-set armourer
Asst armourer
Asst armourer
Spec armour and weapons des and const by
Spec armour and weapons des and const by
San Diego, CA
Spec armour and weapons des and const by
Spec armour and weapons des and const by
Spec armour and weapons des and const by
Spec armour and weapons des and const by
Spec armour and weapons des and const by
Spec armour and weapons des and const by
Spec armour and weapons des and const by
Model shop supv
Model shop coord
Model maker
Model maker
Model maker
Model maker
Model maker
Model maker
Model maker
Model maker
Model maker
Painter, Model shop
Painter, Model shop
Mechanical eff, Model shop
Stage crew
Stage crew
Stage crew
Stage crew
Stage crew
Stage crew
Stage crew
Stage crew
Stage crew
Stage crew
Stage crew/Stage mgr
Stage mgr
Stage mgr
COSTUMES
Cost des
Cost supv
Key cost
Asst cost des
Costumer
Costumer
Textile artist
Addl asst
Addl asst
Horse dresser
Asst horse dresser
Horse armour by
Horse armour by
Horse armour by
MUSIC
"March of the Dead" theme by
Addl orch
Mus preparation
Choral cond
Mus ed
Mus scoring mixer
Asst to Mr. Loduca
SOUND
Sd mixer
Boom op
Post prod sd
Re-rec mixer
Re-rec mixer
Stage eng
ADR mixer
ADR rec
Foley mixer
Foley rec
Foley artist
Foley artist
Sd transfers
Sd des/Sd supv
Sd supv
ADR supv
Sd eff
Sd eff
Sd eff
Sd eff
Sd eff
Foley programming
Apprentice
Apprentice
Tech support
Tech support
Tech support
Spatial audio processing by
Post prod & re-rec facilities
a division of LucasArts Entertainment Company
Recorded digitially in a
VISUAL EFFECTS
Dir of visual eff, Introvision International, Inc.
Ash & Sheila makeup eff by
Ash & Sheila makeup eff by
Mechanical eff supv
Mechanical eff foreman
Eff tech
Eff tech
Eff tech
Eff tech
Eff tech
Eff tech
Eff tech
Pyrotechnician
Pyrotechnician
Supv, Kurtzman, Nicotero & Berger EFX Group
Supv, Kurtzman, Nicotero & Berger EFX Group
Supv, Kurtzman, Nicotero & Berger EFX Group
Mechanical dept, Kurtzman, Nicotero & Berger EFX G
Mechanical dept, Kurtzman, Nicotero & Berger EFX G
Mechanical dept, Kurtzman, Nicotero & Berger EFX G
Mechanical dept, Kurtzman, Nicotero & Berger EFX G
Sculptor/Modelmaker, Kurtzman, Nicotero & Berger E
Sculptor/Modelmaker, Kurtzman, Nicotero & Berger E
Sculptor/Modelmaker, Kurtzman, Nicotero & Berger E
Sculptor/Modelmaker, Kurtzman, Nicotero & Berger E
Sculptor/Modelmaker, Kurtzman, Nicotero & Berger E
Lab tech, Kurtzman, Nicotero & Berger EFX Group
Lab tech, Kurtzman, Nicotero & Berger EFX Group
Lab tech, Kurtzman, Nicotero & Berger EFX Group
Lab tech, Kurtzman, Nicotero & Berger EFX Group
Lab tech, Kurtzman, Nicotero & Berger EFX Group
Lab tech, Kurtzman, Nicotero & Berger EFX Group
Coord, Kurtzman, Nicotero & Berger EFX Group
Foam fabricator, Kurtzman, Nicotero & Berger EFX G
Seamstress, Kurtzman, Nicotero & Berger EFX Group
Project supv, Alterian Studios, Inc.
Evil Ash skeleton/Project foreman, Alterian Studio
Shop coord, Alterian Studios, Inc.
Evil Ash sculpture and application, Alterian Studi
Evil Sheila sculpture, Alterian Studios, Inc.
Likeness sculpture, Alterian Studios, Inc.
Prosthetic makeup application, Alterian Studios, I
Foam tech, Alterian Studios, Inc.
Mechanical des, Alterian Studios, Inc.
Mechanical des, Alterian Studios, Inc.
Hair tech, Alterian Studios, Inc.
Hair tech, Alterian Studios, Inc.
Skeletal assistance, Alterian Studios, Inc.
Fiberglass fabrication, Alterian Studios, Inc.
Molds, Alterian Studios, Inc.
Molds, Alterian Studios, Inc.
Foam cosmetics, Alterian Studios, Inc.
Prod asst, Alterian Studios, Inc.
Prod asst, Alterian Studios, Inc.
Prod asst, Alterian Studios, Inc.
Opt compositing
Opt compositing
Titles des by
Title anim & montage compositing by
Visual eff supv
Opt supv
Spec visual eff by
Prod, Introvision International, Inc.
Prod, Introvision International, Inc.
Prod, Introvision International, Inc.
Opt supv
MAKEUP
Makeup supv
Key makeup artist
Asst makeup
Key hairstylist
2d hairstylist
Asst hairstylist
PRODUCTION MISC
Casting dir
Extra casting
Extra casting
Extra casting
Scr supv
Prod coord
Asst to the prod mgr
Prod secy
Asst to Robert Tapert
Asst to Bruce Campbell
Asst to Sam Raimi
Bruce Campbell's weight trainer
of Dynatechnics
Unit pub
Prod auditor
Asst auditor
Post prod auditor
Set prod asst
Set prod asst
Set prod asst
Set prod asst
Set prod asst
Set prod asst
Set prod asst
Office prod asst
Office prod asst
Office prod asst
Office prod asst
Boss wrangler, Animals
Horses & riders provided by, Animals
Wrangler, Animals
Wrangler, Animals
Horseback riding lessons, Animals
Loc mgr
Loc asst
Loc asst
Loc asst
Loc asst
Loc asst
Loc asst
First aid
Craft service
Craft service asst
Craft service asst
Craft service asst
Security
Transportation coord
Transportation capt
Transportation co-capt
Driver
Asst dir, Prod
Prod coord
Asst coord
Asst coord
Prod asst
Prod asst
Payroll service
STAND INS
Stunt coord
Stunt player
Stunt player
Stunt player
Stunt player
Stunt player
Stunt player
Stunt player
Stunt player
Stunt player
Stunt player
Stunt player
Stunt player
Stunt player
Stunt player
Stunt player
Stunt player
Stunt player
Stunt player
Stunt player
Stunt player
Stunt player
Stunt player
Stunt player
Stunt player
Stunt player
Stunt player
Stunt player
Stunt player
Stunt player
Stunt player
Swordmaster, Swordplay stunts
Asst swordplay choreog, Swordplay stunts
Swordfighter, Swordplay stunts
Swordfighter, Swordplay stunts
Swordfighter, Swordplay stunts
Swordfighter, Swordplay stunts
Swordfighter, Swordplay stunts
Swordfighter, Swordplay stunts
ANIMATION
Ink & paint
Ink & paint
Ink & paint
"Book of the Dead" anim and des by
Stop motion supv
Programmer, Stop motion
Elec, Stop motion
Puppet creator, Stop motion
Sculptor, Stop motion
COLOR PERSONNEL
Col timer
DETAILS
Alternate Titles:
Bruce Campbell vs. Army of Darkness
Medieval Dead
Army of Darkness: Evil Dead 3
Release Date:
19 February 1993
Premiere Information:
Los Angeles opening: 19 February 1993
New York opening: week of 19 February 1993
Production Date:
20 May 1991--May 1992 in CA
Copyright Claimant:
Dino DeLaurentiis Corporation
Copyright Date:
19 April 1993
Copyright Number:
PA609214
Physical Properties:
Sound
Dolby Stereo ® in Selected Theatres
Color
DeLuxe®
Duration(in mins):
102
MPAA Rating:
R
Country:
United States
Language:
English
PCA No:
31844
Passed by NBR:
No
SYNOPSIS

A modern-day housewares salesman named Ash finds Nectomonicon: The Book of the Dead, in a remote cabin. The text unleashes a demon spirit that kills his girl friend, Linda, and possesses Ash’s hand. He amputates the limb with a chainsaw, but is transported back in time to 1300 A.D. Medieval England, with the power tool affixed to his arm, a shotgun holster on his back, and his 1973 Oldsmobile flying through the air. Ash is discovered by King Arthur and his army, who believe the peculiar stranger is aligned with their captured enemy, Duke Henry. Although an aged wiseman predicts that Ash will fulfill the Nectomonicon prophesy, and free the land from evil, Ash is sentenced to a chain gang. As the prisoners are led back to Arthur’s castle, the wiseman collects Ash’s abandoned chainsaw. Inside castle walls, a young woman named Sheila learns that her brother was killed by Henry’s men, and she attacks Ash, vowing revenge. While Arthur declares his people must fight against the evil spirit that has overtaken their land, Ash stands above a torture pit and meets his fellow prisoner, Duke Henry. Just then, a captive is thrown into the pit, provoking a geyser of blood. As Ash pleads his case, Sheila tosses a rock at him, and he falls into the pit. There, Ash is beaten by a demon as the crowd cheers. Arthur’s men engage spiked gates that threaten to impale Ash; however, the wiseman drops the chainsaw into the hole, and the tool reconnects to Ash’s amputated wrist. ... +


A modern-day housewares salesman named Ash finds Nectomonicon: The Book of the Dead, in a remote cabin. The text unleashes a demon spirit that kills his girl friend, Linda, and possesses Ash’s hand. He amputates the limb with a chainsaw, but is transported back in time to 1300 A.D. Medieval England, with the power tool affixed to his arm, a shotgun holster on his back, and his 1973 Oldsmobile flying through the air. Ash is discovered by King Arthur and his army, who believe the peculiar stranger is aligned with their captured enemy, Duke Henry. Although an aged wiseman predicts that Ash will fulfill the Nectomonicon prophesy, and free the land from evil, Ash is sentenced to a chain gang. As the prisoners are led back to Arthur’s castle, the wiseman collects Ash’s abandoned chainsaw. Inside castle walls, a young woman named Sheila learns that her brother was killed by Henry’s men, and she attacks Ash, vowing revenge. While Arthur declares his people must fight against the evil spirit that has overtaken their land, Ash stands above a torture pit and meets his fellow prisoner, Duke Henry. Just then, a captive is thrown into the pit, provoking a geyser of blood. As Ash pleads his case, Sheila tosses a rock at him, and he falls into the pit. There, Ash is beaten by a demon as the crowd cheers. Arthur’s men engage spiked gates that threaten to impale Ash; however, the wiseman drops the chainsaw into the hole, and the tool reconnects to Ash’s amputated wrist. He slices through the demon’s torso and the crowd applauds their new hero. Ash is challenged by another monster, but escapes by holding on to an ascending chain. Outside the pit, Ash knocks Arthur unconscious, intimidates the king’s men, and frees Henry. When Arthur comes to, he challenges Ash to a fight, but Ash breaks the king’s sword with his twelve gauge shotgun. As the crowd cowers in terror, the pit monster climbs to the surface, and Ash shoots it back into the hole. That evening, Ash is rewarded with a feast administered by buxom women, and Sheila begs for forgiveness. Referring to Ash as “the promised one,” the wiseman reports that the Nectomonicon contains passages that can return Ash to his former life, but he must go on a quest to find the book. Just then, a possessed old woman levitates and declares that Ash will never succeed. A fight ensues, and when Ash kills the witch with his shotgun, the wiseman warns the kingdom will soon be taken over by demons unless Ash uncovers the Nectomonicon. Sometime later, Ash is outfitted with an armored prosthetic hand and Sheila presents him with a homemade tunic. Despite his petulance, Ash kisses the maiden. As he begins his quest, Ash is directed to a cemetery, where the Nectomonicon awaits. The wiseman instructs Ash to repeat a Latin phrase when he uncovers the book, but Ash is impatient and ignores the wiseman’s instructions. He proceeds into the woods alone, chased by an invisible demon spirit, and seeks shelter in a deserted windmill. There, a mirror smashes, and Ash’s multiple reflections transform into tiny, malevolent replicas of himself. He retaliates, but loses consciousness and awakens to find himself restrained by the miniature doppelgangers. When a demon dives into his mouth, Ash tries to kill the creature by pouring boiling water down this throat. His body suddenly divides into two separate men, and Ash shoots his evil twin in the face, dismembers the body with his chainsaw, and buries it, though it is still alive. Riding away on horseback, Ash discovers the cemetery and three identical versions of the Nectomonicon. After fending off attacks by the first two books, Ash identifies the real Nectomonicon but fails to repeat the obligatory Latin phrase. Grabbing the book, Ash provokes a violent storm and rides back to Arthur’s castle, unaware that his demon twin has been resurrected in the form of a hideous monster. Ash delivers the Nectomonicon, but admits he was unable to repeat the phrase correctly. In response, the wiseman proclaims that the army of the dead have been awakened, and the kingdom is doomed. When Ash insists on being returned to his previous life, as promised, the townspeople lose faith in their hero. However, Sheila begs her lover to save the kingdom. Just then, a demon flies overhead and abducts Sheila, prompting Ash to reconsider his plans to leave. Back at the cemetery, Ash’s possessed incarnation orders an army of skeletons to exhume the remaining graves. Sheila is brought to the site and the demon Ash kisses her, transforming her into a witch. Meanwhile, Ash rallies Arthur’s men to fight the army of the dead. Despite Arthur’s rivalry with Duke Henry, Ash orders the king to seek Henry’s assistance. Ash prepares for battle, using a chemistry textbook from the trunk of his Oldsmobile to fabricate gunpowder. Sometime later, the army of the dead approaches the castle and an explosive battle ensues. When skeleton soldiers penetrate castle walls, Ash attacks with his Oldsmobile, which has been customized as a steam powered tank. However, Ash is distracted by Sheila, who has deceptively returned to her youthful beauty. As Ash abandons the tank, it explodes and Sheila again becomes a demon. She attacks Ash, but falls into the pit. Although King Arthur’s men lose their fighting spirit, Duke Henry and his army come to the rescue. Meanwhile, Ash’s evil doppelganger attempts to usurp the Nectomonicon and Ash retaliates, but Sheila reappears from the pit and tackles her former lover. Ash impales Sheila with a spear and goes after his demon twin, halting the monster’s sword with his armored hand. The demon turns into a seemingly invincible skeleton, but Ash kills the creature with a gunpowder-laden catapult. As the remaining army of the dead retreats, Sheila returns to her youthful splendor, and Arthur and Henry embrace as allies. Sometime later, the wiseman performs a ceremony for Ash to return home, but warns that he must correctly repeat the Latin phrase. He bids Sheila farewell and rides away on his horse. Back at his job at S-Mart, Ash talks about his journey into the past, but wonders aloud if he repeated the phrase accurately. Just then, a demon attacks the store, but Ash blasts it away with a shotgun and is rewarded with a kiss from a co-worker. +

Legend
Viewed by AFI
Partially Viewed
Offscreen Credit
Name Occurs Before Title
AFI Life Achievement Award

TOP SEARCHES

CASABLANCA

During World War II, Casablanca, Morocco is a waiting point for throngs of desperate refugees fleeing Nazi-occupied Europe. Exit visas, which are necessary to leave the country, are at ... >>

CITIZEN KANE

Seventy-year-old newspaper tycoon Charles Foster Kane dies in his palatial Florida home, Xanadu, after uttering the single word “Rosebud.” While watching a newsreel summarizing the years during which Kane ... >>

REAR WINDOW

Laid up with a broken leg during the height of summer, renowned New York magazine photographer L. B. “Jeff” Jeffries enters his last week of home confinement, bored and ... >>

RAGING BULL

In 1941, at a boxing match in Cleveland, Ohio, pandemonium breaks out when Jake La Motta, an up-and-coming young boxer, loses a decision to Jimmy Reeves, suffering his first ... >>

CITY LIGHTS

At an outdoor dedication ceremony, a tramp is discovered sleeping in the arms of a statue as it is being unveiled before a crowd. He is chased into ... >>

The American Film Institute is grateful to Sir Paul Getty KBE and the Sir Paul Getty KBE Estate for their dedication to the art of the moving image and their support for the AFI Catalog of Feature Films and without whose support AFI would not have been able to achieve this historical landmark in this epic scholarly endeavor.